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An immunohistochemical analysis to validate the rationale behind the enhanced immunogenicity of D-ribosylated low density lipo-protein.

Akhter F, Khan MS, Singh S, Ahmad S - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: The results showed that female rabbits immunized with D-ribose modified LDL induced antibodies as detected by direct binding and competitive ELISA.The modified LDL was found to be highly immunogenic eliciting high titer immunogen-specific antibodies, while the native forms were moderately immunogenic.Furthermore, our histopathological results illustrated the deposits of immune complex in glomerular basement membrane in rabbits immunized with D-ribose-LDL.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Bio-Engineering, Integral University, Lucknow, India; Department of Bio-Sciences, Integral University, Lucknow, India.

ABSTRACT
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are thought to contribute to the abnormal lipoprotein profiles and increased risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes and renal failure. D-ribose is one of the naturally occurring pentose monosaccharide present in all living cells and is a key component of numerous biomolecules involved in many important metabolic pathways. Formation of D-ribose derived glycated low density lipoprotein (LDL) has been previously demonstrated but no studies have been performed to assess the immune complex deposition in the kidney of rabbits immunized with glycated LDL. In this study, LDL was glycated with D-ribose, and it was further used as an immunogen for immunizing NZW female rabbits. The results showed that female rabbits immunized with D-ribose modified LDL induced antibodies as detected by direct binding and competitive ELISA. The modified LDL was found to be highly immunogenic eliciting high titer immunogen-specific antibodies, while the native forms were moderately immunogenic. The induced antibodies from modified LDL exhibited wide range of heterogeneity in recognizing various proteins and amino acids conformers. Furthermore, our histopathological results illustrated the deposits of immune complex in glomerular basement membrane in rabbits immunized with D-ribose-LDL.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Kidney section from female rabbit immunized with native LDL showing normal morphology of glomeruli (a) (Magnification-60x); whereas, Kidney section from female rabbit immunized with D-ribose-modified LDL showing larger glomerular capillary tuft with increased number of nuclei showing proliferation of endothelium and mesenglial cells (b & c) (Magnification-60x).Scale bar 100 µm.
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pone-0113144-g003: Kidney section from female rabbit immunized with native LDL showing normal morphology of glomeruli (a) (Magnification-60x); whereas, Kidney section from female rabbit immunized with D-ribose-modified LDL showing larger glomerular capillary tuft with increased number of nuclei showing proliferation of endothelium and mesenglial cells (b & c) (Magnification-60x).Scale bar 100 µm.

Mentions: In Histopathological study of NZW female rabbit’s immunized with native LDL showing normal morphology of glomeruli (Figure 3a) while female rabbit’s immunized with D-ribosylated LDL showing larger glomerular capillary tuft with increased number of nuclei (Figure 3b and 3c). In the fluorescence microscopic examination, low fluorescence signal was detected in FITC-labelled kidney sections of rabbits immunized with native LDL (Figure 4a) while D-ribosylated-LDL-immunized rabbit’s kidney section showing GBM having a series of intense fluorescence points (Figure 4b and 4c).


An immunohistochemical analysis to validate the rationale behind the enhanced immunogenicity of D-ribosylated low density lipo-protein.

Akhter F, Khan MS, Singh S, Ahmad S - PLoS ONE (2014)

Kidney section from female rabbit immunized with native LDL showing normal morphology of glomeruli (a) (Magnification-60x); whereas, Kidney section from female rabbit immunized with D-ribose-modified LDL showing larger glomerular capillary tuft with increased number of nuclei showing proliferation of endothelium and mesenglial cells (b & c) (Magnification-60x).Scale bar 100 µm.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4231124&req=5

pone-0113144-g003: Kidney section from female rabbit immunized with native LDL showing normal morphology of glomeruli (a) (Magnification-60x); whereas, Kidney section from female rabbit immunized with D-ribose-modified LDL showing larger glomerular capillary tuft with increased number of nuclei showing proliferation of endothelium and mesenglial cells (b & c) (Magnification-60x).Scale bar 100 µm.
Mentions: In Histopathological study of NZW female rabbit’s immunized with native LDL showing normal morphology of glomeruli (Figure 3a) while female rabbit’s immunized with D-ribosylated LDL showing larger glomerular capillary tuft with increased number of nuclei (Figure 3b and 3c). In the fluorescence microscopic examination, low fluorescence signal was detected in FITC-labelled kidney sections of rabbits immunized with native LDL (Figure 4a) while D-ribosylated-LDL-immunized rabbit’s kidney section showing GBM having a series of intense fluorescence points (Figure 4b and 4c).

Bottom Line: The results showed that female rabbits immunized with D-ribose modified LDL induced antibodies as detected by direct binding and competitive ELISA.The modified LDL was found to be highly immunogenic eliciting high titer immunogen-specific antibodies, while the native forms were moderately immunogenic.Furthermore, our histopathological results illustrated the deposits of immune complex in glomerular basement membrane in rabbits immunized with D-ribose-LDL.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Bio-Engineering, Integral University, Lucknow, India; Department of Bio-Sciences, Integral University, Lucknow, India.

ABSTRACT
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are thought to contribute to the abnormal lipoprotein profiles and increased risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes and renal failure. D-ribose is one of the naturally occurring pentose monosaccharide present in all living cells and is a key component of numerous biomolecules involved in many important metabolic pathways. Formation of D-ribose derived glycated low density lipoprotein (LDL) has been previously demonstrated but no studies have been performed to assess the immune complex deposition in the kidney of rabbits immunized with glycated LDL. In this study, LDL was glycated with D-ribose, and it was further used as an immunogen for immunizing NZW female rabbits. The results showed that female rabbits immunized with D-ribose modified LDL induced antibodies as detected by direct binding and competitive ELISA. The modified LDL was found to be highly immunogenic eliciting high titer immunogen-specific antibodies, while the native forms were moderately immunogenic. The induced antibodies from modified LDL exhibited wide range of heterogeneity in recognizing various proteins and amino acids conformers. Furthermore, our histopathological results illustrated the deposits of immune complex in glomerular basement membrane in rabbits immunized with D-ribose-LDL.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus