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A method for generating large datasets of organ geometries for radiotherapy treatment planning studies.

Hu N, Cerviño L, Segars P, Lewis J, Shan J, Jiang S, Zheng X, Wang G - Radiol Oncol (2014)

Bottom Line: A set of principal components and their respective coefficients, which represent organ surface deformation, were obtained, and a statistical analysis of the coefficients was performed.New sets of statistically equivalent coefficients can be constructed and assigned to the principal components, resulting in a larger geometry dataset for the patient's organs.These generated organ geometries are realistic and statistically representative.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Center,Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, China ; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Diego, USA ; College of Bioengineering, Chongqing University, China.

ABSTRACT

Background: With the rapidly increasing application of adaptive radiotherapy, large datasets of organ geometries based on the patient's anatomy are desired to support clinical application or research work, such as image segmentation, re-planning, and organ deformation analysis. Sometimes only limited datasets are available in clinical practice. In this study, we propose a new method to generate large datasets of organ geometries to be utilized in adaptive radiotherapy.

Methods: Given a training dataset of organ shapes derived from daily cone-beam CT, we align them into a common coordinate frame and select one of the training surfaces as reference surface. A statistical shape model of organs was constructed, based on the establishment of point correspondence between surfaces and non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) representation. A principal component analysis is performed on the sampled surface points to capture the major variation modes of each organ.

Results: A set of principal components and their respective coefficients, which represent organ surface deformation, were obtained, and a statistical analysis of the coefficients was performed. New sets of statistically equivalent coefficients can be constructed and assigned to the principal components, resulting in a larger geometry dataset for the patient's organs.

Conclusions: These generated organ geometries are realistic and statistically representative.

No MeSH data available.


Sampling surface points from non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) representation of organ.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4230563&req=5

f6-rado-48-04-408: Sampling surface points from non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) representation of organ.

Mentions: Based on the NURBS representation of pelvic organ surface, a set of surface points was re-sampled from the NURBS surface. Figure 6 illustrates the sampled surface points on the NURBS surface of bladder.


A method for generating large datasets of organ geometries for radiotherapy treatment planning studies.

Hu N, Cerviño L, Segars P, Lewis J, Shan J, Jiang S, Zheng X, Wang G - Radiol Oncol (2014)

Sampling surface points from non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) representation of organ.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4230563&req=5

f6-rado-48-04-408: Sampling surface points from non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) representation of organ.
Mentions: Based on the NURBS representation of pelvic organ surface, a set of surface points was re-sampled from the NURBS surface. Figure 6 illustrates the sampled surface points on the NURBS surface of bladder.

Bottom Line: A set of principal components and their respective coefficients, which represent organ surface deformation, were obtained, and a statistical analysis of the coefficients was performed.New sets of statistically equivalent coefficients can be constructed and assigned to the principal components, resulting in a larger geometry dataset for the patient's organs.These generated organ geometries are realistic and statistically representative.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Center,Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, China ; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Diego, USA ; College of Bioengineering, Chongqing University, China.

ABSTRACT

Background: With the rapidly increasing application of adaptive radiotherapy, large datasets of organ geometries based on the patient's anatomy are desired to support clinical application or research work, such as image segmentation, re-planning, and organ deformation analysis. Sometimes only limited datasets are available in clinical practice. In this study, we propose a new method to generate large datasets of organ geometries to be utilized in adaptive radiotherapy.

Methods: Given a training dataset of organ shapes derived from daily cone-beam CT, we align them into a common coordinate frame and select one of the training surfaces as reference surface. A statistical shape model of organs was constructed, based on the establishment of point correspondence between surfaces and non-uniform rational B-spline (NURBS) representation. A principal component analysis is performed on the sampled surface points to capture the major variation modes of each organ.

Results: A set of principal components and their respective coefficients, which represent organ surface deformation, were obtained, and a statistical analysis of the coefficients was performed. New sets of statistically equivalent coefficients can be constructed and assigned to the principal components, resulting in a larger geometry dataset for the patient's organs.

Conclusions: These generated organ geometries are realistic and statistically representative.

No MeSH data available.