The natural place to begin: the ethnoprimatology of the Waorani.
Bottom Line: Although there is some evidence that the Waorani consider primates a unique group, the non-primate kinkajou and olingo are also included as part of the group "monkeys," and no evidence was found that primates were more important than other mammals to Waorani culture.These results have implications for both ethnoprimatologists and those working with local communities towards broader conservation goals.Firstly, researchers should ensure that they and local communities are referring to the same animals when they use broad terms such as "monkey," and secondly the results caution ethnoprimatologists against imposing western taxonomic groups on indigenous peoples, rather than allowing them to define themselves which species are important.
Affiliation: Division of Ecology and Evolution, Imperial College, Ascot, United Kingdom; Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.Show MeSH
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Mentions: The most salient species were the two peccary species, the red brocket deer and the woolly and spider monkeys. The peccary and monkey species were also preferred species for consumption. Woolly monkeys were the most frequently named species during free listing, and also had the highest salience of any species (Fig. 6). However, the frequency with which individuals named primates, and the mean average position of primates in individuals' lists was almost identical to that of all other mammals, and the mean cultural salience of primates was slightly lower (rank ranges between 1 and 31. Salience ranges between 0 and 1. Primates: frequency = 88.9%, mean rank = 7.88, salience = 0.515. Non-primates: frequency = 88.9%, mean rank = 7.69, salience = 0.575).
Affiliation: Division of Ecology and Evolution, Imperial College, Ascot, United Kingdom; Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.