The natural place to begin: the ethnoprimatology of the Waorani.
Bottom Line: Although there is some evidence that the Waorani consider primates a unique group, the non-primate kinkajou and olingo are also included as part of the group "monkeys," and no evidence was found that primates were more important than other mammals to Waorani culture.These results have implications for both ethnoprimatologists and those working with local communities towards broader conservation goals.Firstly, researchers should ensure that they and local communities are referring to the same animals when they use broad terms such as "monkey," and secondly the results caution ethnoprimatologists against imposing western taxonomic groups on indigenous peoples, rather than allowing them to define themselves which species are important.
Affiliation: Division of Ecology and Evolution, Imperial College, Ascot, United Kingdom; Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.Show MeSH
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Mentions: During the pile sorting exercise, primate pairs co-occurred in a median of 7 piles (interquartile range 6–10). In contrast, the majority of primate:non-primate dyads were never placed in the same pile (median of 0 piles, interquartile range 0–3) which is significantly fewer (Wilcoxon rank sum, Np:p = 45, Np:n = 80, W = 3,484, P < 0.001, Fig. 4). The primate:non-primate dyad most commonly placed in the same pile was the noisy night monkey and olingo, placed in the same pile by ten individuals. Non-primate pairs co-occurred in a median of 1.5 piles (interquartile range 0–7), which was not significantly more than the number of piles in which primate:non-primate dyads occurred (Wilcoxon rank sum, Nn:n = 28, Np:n = 80, W = 855.5, P = 0.047). All primate dyads were placed in the same pile by at least three participants. These results suggest that primates may be viewed as an exclusive animal group. On the other hand, this analysis includes only the subset of species in the area which were included as focal species.
Affiliation: Division of Ecology and Evolution, Imperial College, Ascot, United Kingdom; Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.