The natural place to begin: the ethnoprimatology of the Waorani.
Bottom Line: Although there is some evidence that the Waorani consider primates a unique group, the non-primate kinkajou and olingo are also included as part of the group "monkeys," and no evidence was found that primates were more important than other mammals to Waorani culture.These results have implications for both ethnoprimatologists and those working with local communities towards broader conservation goals.Firstly, researchers should ensure that they and local communities are referring to the same animals when they use broad terms such as "monkey," and secondly the results caution ethnoprimatologists against imposing western taxonomic groups on indigenous peoples, rather than allowing them to define themselves which species are important.
Affiliation: Division of Ecology and Evolution, Imperial College, Ascot, United Kingdom; Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.Show MeSH
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Mentions: During the pile sorting exercise, participants created a median of 5.5 groups (range 2–17, interquartile range), and the ten primates were not grouped together by any individual. The most frequent group given which included any primate was four individuals who grouped the night monkey, olingo, and kinkajou in a unique group. One individual grouped all diurnal primates in a single group. The most common group was the white-lipped peccary and collared peccary, created by nine individuals. Most primates were more frequently grouped with other primates than most non-primate species were (Fig. 3). The pygmy marmoset (Cebuella pygmaea) was less frequently grouped with other primates as it was placed in a group on its own in half (12) of the pile sorts. In contrast, the noisy night monkey was less frequently grouped with primates as it was placed in an exclusive group with the kinkajou, olingo, or both in seven pile sorts. These groups with the noisy night monkey also contributed to the high proportion of pile sorts in which the kinkajou and olingo were grouped with primates.
Affiliation: Division of Ecology and Evolution, Imperial College, Ascot, United Kingdom; Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.