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Factors influencing trainers' feedback-giving behavior: a cross-sectional survey.

Pelgrim EA, Kramer AW, Mokkink HG, van der Vleuten CP - BMC Med Educ (2014)

Bottom Line: Sixty-two trainer-trainee couples from three Dutch institutions for postgraduate GP training participated in the study.Trainer scores on 'task perception' and on a scale of the trait 'neuroticism' correlated positively with frequency of feedback and quality of feedback content.No other correlations were found.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Primary Care and Community Care, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Postbus 9101, Huispostnummer 117, 6500 HB Nijmegen, the Netherlands. a.kramer@elg.umcn.nl.

ABSTRACT

Background: The literature provides some insight into the role of feedback givers, but little information about within-trainer factors influencing 'feedback-giving behaviours'. We looked for relationships between characteristics of feedback givers (self-efficacy, task perception, neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness) and elements of observation and feedback (frequency, quality of content and consequential impact).

Methods: We developed and tested several hypotheses regarding the characteristics and elements in a cross-sectional digital survey among GP trainers and their trainees in 2011 and 2012. We conducted bivariate analysis using Pearson correlations and performed multiple regression analysis.

Results: Sixty-two trainer-trainee couples from three Dutch institutions for postgraduate GP training participated in the study. Trainer scores on 'task perception' and on a scale of the trait 'neuroticism' correlated positively with frequency of feedback and quality of feedback content. Multiple regression analysis supported positive correlations between task perception and frequency of feedback and between neuroticism and quality of feedback content. No other correlations were found.

Conclusion: This study contributes to the literature on feedback giving by revealing factors that influence feedback-giving behaviour, namely neuroticism and task perception. Trainers whose task perception included facilitation of observation and feedback (task perception) and trainers who were concerned about the safety of their patients during consultations with trainees (neuroticism) engaged more frequently in observation and feedback and gave feedback of higher quality.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Flowchart of response rates.
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Figure 1: Flowchart of response rates.

Mentions: Of the total of 248 trainer-trainee couples that were eligible for inclusion in the study, 183 gave informed consent and received questionnaires. Sixty-two couples (34%) completed the questionnaires (Groningen 43%, Utrecht 37%, Rotterdam 26%). The rather low response rate is attributable to the use of trainer-trainee couples as the unit of analysis which meant exclusion of a couple if data for one member was missing (FigureĀ 1).


Factors influencing trainers' feedback-giving behavior: a cross-sectional survey.

Pelgrim EA, Kramer AW, Mokkink HG, van der Vleuten CP - BMC Med Educ (2014)

Flowchart of response rates.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4230419&req=5

Figure 1: Flowchart of response rates.
Mentions: Of the total of 248 trainer-trainee couples that were eligible for inclusion in the study, 183 gave informed consent and received questionnaires. Sixty-two couples (34%) completed the questionnaires (Groningen 43%, Utrecht 37%, Rotterdam 26%). The rather low response rate is attributable to the use of trainer-trainee couples as the unit of analysis which meant exclusion of a couple if data for one member was missing (FigureĀ 1).

Bottom Line: Sixty-two trainer-trainee couples from three Dutch institutions for postgraduate GP training participated in the study.Trainer scores on 'task perception' and on a scale of the trait 'neuroticism' correlated positively with frequency of feedback and quality of feedback content.No other correlations were found.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Primary Care and Community Care, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Postbus 9101, Huispostnummer 117, 6500 HB Nijmegen, the Netherlands. a.kramer@elg.umcn.nl.

ABSTRACT

Background: The literature provides some insight into the role of feedback givers, but little information about within-trainer factors influencing 'feedback-giving behaviours'. We looked for relationships between characteristics of feedback givers (self-efficacy, task perception, neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness) and elements of observation and feedback (frequency, quality of content and consequential impact).

Methods: We developed and tested several hypotheses regarding the characteristics and elements in a cross-sectional digital survey among GP trainers and their trainees in 2011 and 2012. We conducted bivariate analysis using Pearson correlations and performed multiple regression analysis.

Results: Sixty-two trainer-trainee couples from three Dutch institutions for postgraduate GP training participated in the study. Trainer scores on 'task perception' and on a scale of the trait 'neuroticism' correlated positively with frequency of feedback and quality of feedback content. Multiple regression analysis supported positive correlations between task perception and frequency of feedback and between neuroticism and quality of feedback content. No other correlations were found.

Conclusion: This study contributes to the literature on feedback giving by revealing factors that influence feedback-giving behaviour, namely neuroticism and task perception. Trainers whose task perception included facilitation of observation and feedback (task perception) and trainers who were concerned about the safety of their patients during consultations with trainees (neuroticism) engaged more frequently in observation and feedback and gave feedback of higher quality.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus