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Diagnostic proficiency and reporting of Lassa fever by physicians in Osun State of Nigeria.

Olowookere SA, Fatiregun AA, Gbolahan OO, Adepoju EG - BMC Infect. Dis. (2014)

Bottom Line: The mean age was 41.5 ± 10.9 years (range, 24-75 years).Most of the physicians were male (78.9%) and had practiced medicine ≥ 20 years (51.5%).Predictors of good knowledge include male sex, not practicing at a secondary health care level and post graduation year more than 20 years.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Health, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun state, Nigeria. sanuolowookere@yahoo.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Lassa fever is highly contagious and commonly results in death. It is therefore necessary to diagnose and report any suspected case of Lassa fever to facilitate preventive strategies. This study assessed the preparedness of physicians in the diagnosis and reporting of Lassa fever.

Methods: The study design was descriptive cross-sectional. The consenting medical doctors completed a self-administered questionnaire on the diagnosis and reporting of Lassa fever. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in data analyses.

Results: One hundred seventy-five physicians participated in the study. The mean age was 41.5 ± 10.9 years (range, 24-75 years). Most of the physicians were male (78.9%) and had practiced medicine ≥ 20 years (51.5%). Most of the physicians had a good knowledge regarding the diagnosis and reporting of Lassa fever; however, none of the physicians had ever diagnosed or reported a suspected case. Predictors of good knowledge include male sex, not practicing at a secondary health care level and post graduation year more than 20 years.

Conclusion: There is disparity in knowledge and practices of physicians regarding the diagnosis and reporting of Lassa fever. Thus, it is necessary to improve the knowledge and practices of physicians regarding the diagnosis and reporting of Lassa fever.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Graded score on Lassa fever knowledge.
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Figure 1: Graded score on Lassa fever knowledge.

Mentions: Figure 1 shows that more than half (62%) of the respondents had good general knowledge on Lassa fever. As shown in Table 2, majority (93.1%) of the respondents knew that Lassa fever is a viral infection, 57.1% agreed that the incubation period ranges from 1 – 3 weeks, and 85.2% agreed the infection can be characterized by fever > 38°C. Majority (82.9%) of the respondents reported that cases can not be confirmed without laboratory diagnosis, and 98.2% of them disagreed to ‘pediatrics clients being excluded from diagnoses’. Only 34.8% of the respondents agreed that aerosol transmission of the infection is possible, while 43.0% reported semen of case being capable of transmitting infection.


Diagnostic proficiency and reporting of Lassa fever by physicians in Osun State of Nigeria.

Olowookere SA, Fatiregun AA, Gbolahan OO, Adepoju EG - BMC Infect. Dis. (2014)

Graded score on Lassa fever knowledge.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4230318&req=5

Figure 1: Graded score on Lassa fever knowledge.
Mentions: Figure 1 shows that more than half (62%) of the respondents had good general knowledge on Lassa fever. As shown in Table 2, majority (93.1%) of the respondents knew that Lassa fever is a viral infection, 57.1% agreed that the incubation period ranges from 1 – 3 weeks, and 85.2% agreed the infection can be characterized by fever > 38°C. Majority (82.9%) of the respondents reported that cases can not be confirmed without laboratory diagnosis, and 98.2% of them disagreed to ‘pediatrics clients being excluded from diagnoses’. Only 34.8% of the respondents agreed that aerosol transmission of the infection is possible, while 43.0% reported semen of case being capable of transmitting infection.

Bottom Line: The mean age was 41.5 ± 10.9 years (range, 24-75 years).Most of the physicians were male (78.9%) and had practiced medicine ≥ 20 years (51.5%).Predictors of good knowledge include male sex, not practicing at a secondary health care level and post graduation year more than 20 years.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Health, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun state, Nigeria. sanuolowookere@yahoo.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: Lassa fever is highly contagious and commonly results in death. It is therefore necessary to diagnose and report any suspected case of Lassa fever to facilitate preventive strategies. This study assessed the preparedness of physicians in the diagnosis and reporting of Lassa fever.

Methods: The study design was descriptive cross-sectional. The consenting medical doctors completed a self-administered questionnaire on the diagnosis and reporting of Lassa fever. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used in data analyses.

Results: One hundred seventy-five physicians participated in the study. The mean age was 41.5 ± 10.9 years (range, 24-75 years). Most of the physicians were male (78.9%) and had practiced medicine ≥ 20 years (51.5%). Most of the physicians had a good knowledge regarding the diagnosis and reporting of Lassa fever; however, none of the physicians had ever diagnosed or reported a suspected case. Predictors of good knowledge include male sex, not practicing at a secondary health care level and post graduation year more than 20 years.

Conclusion: There is disparity in knowledge and practices of physicians regarding the diagnosis and reporting of Lassa fever. Thus, it is necessary to improve the knowledge and practices of physicians regarding the diagnosis and reporting of Lassa fever.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus