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Noninvasive ventilation and exercise tolerance in heart failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Bündchen DC, Gonzáles AI, Noronha MD, Brüggemann AK, Sties SW, Carvalho TD - Braz J Phys Ther (2014)

Bottom Line: Four studies were selected.The use of NIV prior to the 6MWT in patients with HF may promote increased distance.However, the limited number of studies may have compromised a more definitive conclusion on the subject.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with heart failure (HF) usually develop exercise intolerance. In this context, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) can help to increase physical performance.

Objective: To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of NIV on exercise tolerance in patients with HF.

Method: Search Strategy: Articles were searched in the following databases: Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), and MEDLINE. Selection Criteria: This review included only randomized controlled trials involving patients with HF undergoing NIV, with or without other therapies, that used exercise tolerance as an outcome, verified by the distance travelled in the six-minute walk test (6MWT), VO2peak in the cardiopulmonary test, time spent in testing, and dyspnea. Data Collection And Analysis: The methodological quality of the studies was rated according to the PEDro scale. Data were pooled in fixed-effect meta-analysis whenever possible.

Results: Four studies were selected. A meta-analysis including 18 participants showed that the use of NIV prior to the 6MWT promoted increased distance, [mean difference 65.29 m (95% CI 38.80 to 91.78)].

Conclusions: The use of NIV prior to the 6MWT in patients with HF may promote increased distance. However, the limited number of studies may have compromised a more definitive conclusion on the subject.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Flow chart of the search process.
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f01: Flow chart of the search process.

Mentions: Atotal of 235 articles were identified in the search (Figure 1), of which 88 were selected for evaluation based on the title, andtheir respective abstracts were reviewed. Five articles were eligible for a full reviewbased on the abstracts, and a total of four articles met all inclusion criteria (Table 1).


Noninvasive ventilation and exercise tolerance in heart failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Bündchen DC, Gonzáles AI, Noronha MD, Brüggemann AK, Sties SW, Carvalho TD - Braz J Phys Ther (2014)

Flow chart of the search process.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4228623&req=5

f01: Flow chart of the search process.
Mentions: Atotal of 235 articles were identified in the search (Figure 1), of which 88 were selected for evaluation based on the title, andtheir respective abstracts were reviewed. Five articles were eligible for a full reviewbased on the abstracts, and a total of four articles met all inclusion criteria (Table 1).

Bottom Line: Four studies were selected.The use of NIV prior to the 6MWT in patients with HF may promote increased distance.However, the limited number of studies may have compromised a more definitive conclusion on the subject.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro de Ciências da Saúde e do Esporte, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with heart failure (HF) usually develop exercise intolerance. In this context, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) can help to increase physical performance.

Objective: To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the effects of NIV on exercise tolerance in patients with HF.

Method: Search Strategy: Articles were searched in the following databases: Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), and MEDLINE. Selection Criteria: This review included only randomized controlled trials involving patients with HF undergoing NIV, with or without other therapies, that used exercise tolerance as an outcome, verified by the distance travelled in the six-minute walk test (6MWT), VO2peak in the cardiopulmonary test, time spent in testing, and dyspnea. Data Collection And Analysis: The methodological quality of the studies was rated according to the PEDro scale. Data were pooled in fixed-effect meta-analysis whenever possible.

Results: Four studies were selected. A meta-analysis including 18 participants showed that the use of NIV prior to the 6MWT promoted increased distance, [mean difference 65.29 m (95% CI 38.80 to 91.78)].

Conclusions: The use of NIV prior to the 6MWT in patients with HF may promote increased distance. However, the limited number of studies may have compromised a more definitive conclusion on the subject.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus