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Enhanced production and characterization of a solvent stable amylase from solvent tolerant Bacillus tequilensis RG-01: thermostable and surfactant resistant.

Tiwari S, Shukla N, Mishra P, Gaur R - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Bottom Line: The enzyme was showed it 100% activity at 55°C and pH 7.0 with 119% and 127% stability at 55°C and pH 7.0, respectively.The enzyme was also stable in the presence of SDS, Tween-40, Tween-60, and Tween-80 (1%) and was found stimulatory effect, respectively.Only Triton-X-100 showed a moderate inhibitory effect (5%) on amylase activity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Centre of Excellence, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh 224001, India.

ABSTRACT
Ten bacterial strains isolated from the soil samples in the presence of cyclohexane were screened for amylase production. Among them, culture RG-01 was adjudged as the best amylase producer and was identified as Bacillus tequilensis from MTCC, Chandigarh. The isolate showed maximum amylase production (8100 U/mL) in the presence of starch, peptone, and Ca(2+) ions at 55°C pH 7.0 within 24 h of incubation. The enzyme was stable in the presence of n-dodecane, isooctane, n-decane, xylene, toluene, n-hexane, n-butanol, and cyclohexane, respectively. The presence of benzene, methanol, and ethanol marginally reduced the amylase stability, respectively. The enzyme was showed it 100% activity at 55°C and pH 7.0 with 119% and 127% stability at 55°C and pH 7.0, respectively. The enzyme was also stable in the presence of SDS, Tween-40, Tween-60, and Tween-80 (1%) and was found stimulatory effect, respectively. Only Triton-X-100 showed a moderate inhibitory effect (5%) on amylase activity. This isolate (Bacillus tequilensis RG-01) may be useful in several industrial applications owing to its thermotolerant and organic solvents and surfactants resistance characteristics.

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Effect of different carbon sources and incubation periods on amylase production. Test flasks contained different carbon sources in the medium at a level of 2% (w/v). The flasks were inoculated with culture and incubated at 55°C for 4–48 h at pH 7.0. Error bars presented are mean values of ±standard deviation of triplicates of three independent experiments.
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fig6: Effect of different carbon sources and incubation periods on amylase production. Test flasks contained different carbon sources in the medium at a level of 2% (w/v). The flasks were inoculated with culture and incubated at 55°C for 4–48 h at pH 7.0. Error bars presented are mean values of ±standard deviation of triplicates of three independent experiments.

Mentions: Various carbon sources, viz, starch, wheat bran, rice bran, rice husk, potato starch, glucose, fructose, lactose, maltose, and sucrose at a concentration of 2.0% (w/v) were individually tested in the basal medium at their optimal temperature, incubation period, and pH to observe the effect on enzyme production by Bacillus tequilensis RG-01. Out of these carbon sources, starch (soluble) was found to be the best for amylase production (5200 U/mL) by the strain RG-01 followed by potato starch within 24 h (Figure 6). Similarly, Gangadharan et al. [27] reported that Bacillus amyloliquefaciens gave the highest enzyme yield (62470 U/g) with soluble starch, followed by maltose (58499 U/g).


Enhanced production and characterization of a solvent stable amylase from solvent tolerant Bacillus tequilensis RG-01: thermostable and surfactant resistant.

Tiwari S, Shukla N, Mishra P, Gaur R - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Effect of different carbon sources and incubation periods on amylase production. Test flasks contained different carbon sources in the medium at a level of 2% (w/v). The flasks were inoculated with culture and incubated at 55°C for 4–48 h at pH 7.0. Error bars presented are mean values of ±standard deviation of triplicates of three independent experiments.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4226188&req=5

fig6: Effect of different carbon sources and incubation periods on amylase production. Test flasks contained different carbon sources in the medium at a level of 2% (w/v). The flasks were inoculated with culture and incubated at 55°C for 4–48 h at pH 7.0. Error bars presented are mean values of ±standard deviation of triplicates of three independent experiments.
Mentions: Various carbon sources, viz, starch, wheat bran, rice bran, rice husk, potato starch, glucose, fructose, lactose, maltose, and sucrose at a concentration of 2.0% (w/v) were individually tested in the basal medium at their optimal temperature, incubation period, and pH to observe the effect on enzyme production by Bacillus tequilensis RG-01. Out of these carbon sources, starch (soluble) was found to be the best for amylase production (5200 U/mL) by the strain RG-01 followed by potato starch within 24 h (Figure 6). Similarly, Gangadharan et al. [27] reported that Bacillus amyloliquefaciens gave the highest enzyme yield (62470 U/g) with soluble starch, followed by maltose (58499 U/g).

Bottom Line: The enzyme was showed it 100% activity at 55°C and pH 7.0 with 119% and 127% stability at 55°C and pH 7.0, respectively.The enzyme was also stable in the presence of SDS, Tween-40, Tween-60, and Tween-80 (1%) and was found stimulatory effect, respectively.Only Triton-X-100 showed a moderate inhibitory effect (5%) on amylase activity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Centre of Excellence, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh 224001, India.

ABSTRACT
Ten bacterial strains isolated from the soil samples in the presence of cyclohexane were screened for amylase production. Among them, culture RG-01 was adjudged as the best amylase producer and was identified as Bacillus tequilensis from MTCC, Chandigarh. The isolate showed maximum amylase production (8100 U/mL) in the presence of starch, peptone, and Ca(2+) ions at 55°C pH 7.0 within 24 h of incubation. The enzyme was stable in the presence of n-dodecane, isooctane, n-decane, xylene, toluene, n-hexane, n-butanol, and cyclohexane, respectively. The presence of benzene, methanol, and ethanol marginally reduced the amylase stability, respectively. The enzyme was showed it 100% activity at 55°C and pH 7.0 with 119% and 127% stability at 55°C and pH 7.0, respectively. The enzyme was also stable in the presence of SDS, Tween-40, Tween-60, and Tween-80 (1%) and was found stimulatory effect, respectively. Only Triton-X-100 showed a moderate inhibitory effect (5%) on amylase activity. This isolate (Bacillus tequilensis RG-01) may be useful in several industrial applications owing to its thermotolerant and organic solvents and surfactants resistance characteristics.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus