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Optimal implementation of intervention strategies for elderly people with ludomania.

Kim BN, Masud MA, Kim Y - Osong Public Health Res Perspect (2014)

Bottom Line: Prevention and treatment for elderly people with ludomania are the main intervention strategies.We found that optimal timely implementation of the intervention strategies was more effective.However, three intervention strategies were considered, among which, preventing people from engaging in all types of gambling proved to be the most crucial.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Now-a-days gambling is growing especially fast among older adults. To control the gratuitous growth of gambling, well-analyzed scientific strategies are necessary. We tried to analyze the adequacy of the health of society mathematically through immediate treatment of patients with early prevention.

Methods: The model from Lee and Do was modified and control parameters were introduced. Pontryagin's Maximum Principle was used to obtain an optimal control strategy.

Results: Optimal control can be achieved through simultaneous use of the control parameters, though it varies from society to society. The control corresponding to prevention needed to be implemented in full almost all the time for all types of societies. In the case of the other two controls, the scenario was greatly affected depending on the types of societies.

Conclusion: Prevention and treatment for elderly people with ludomania are the main intervention strategies. We found that optimal timely implementation of the intervention strategies was more effective. The optimal control strategy varied with the initial number of gamblers. However, three intervention strategies were considered, among which, preventing people from engaging in all types of gambling proved to be the most crucial.

No MeSH data available.


Optimal control scenario with AL = 1, AP = 20, B1 = 5000, B2 = 500, and B3 = 50,000.
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fig2: Optimal control scenario with AL = 1, AP = 20, B1 = 5000, B2 = 500, and B3 = 50,000.

Mentions: Figure 2 depicts the numerical simulation that was carried out in the time interval (years) with initial conditions , so that with the weight values . The solid lines in the four graphs on the left show populations in different compartments in the absence of control efforts and the dotted line shows the states with implementation of the optimal controls. These graphs reveal the impact of control by the reduced number of gamblers and pathological gamblers, and increased number of susceptible gamblers. The rightmost graph shows the control profile, which says that we need a full three controls almost all the time.


Optimal implementation of intervention strategies for elderly people with ludomania.

Kim BN, Masud MA, Kim Y - Osong Public Health Res Perspect (2014)

Optimal control scenario with AL = 1, AP = 20, B1 = 5000, B2 = 500, and B3 = 50,000.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4225652&req=5

fig2: Optimal control scenario with AL = 1, AP = 20, B1 = 5000, B2 = 500, and B3 = 50,000.
Mentions: Figure 2 depicts the numerical simulation that was carried out in the time interval (years) with initial conditions , so that with the weight values . The solid lines in the four graphs on the left show populations in different compartments in the absence of control efforts and the dotted line shows the states with implementation of the optimal controls. These graphs reveal the impact of control by the reduced number of gamblers and pathological gamblers, and increased number of susceptible gamblers. The rightmost graph shows the control profile, which says that we need a full three controls almost all the time.

Bottom Line: Prevention and treatment for elderly people with ludomania are the main intervention strategies.We found that optimal timely implementation of the intervention strategies was more effective.However, three intervention strategies were considered, among which, preventing people from engaging in all types of gambling proved to be the most crucial.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Now-a-days gambling is growing especially fast among older adults. To control the gratuitous growth of gambling, well-analyzed scientific strategies are necessary. We tried to analyze the adequacy of the health of society mathematically through immediate treatment of patients with early prevention.

Methods: The model from Lee and Do was modified and control parameters were introduced. Pontryagin's Maximum Principle was used to obtain an optimal control strategy.

Results: Optimal control can be achieved through simultaneous use of the control parameters, though it varies from society to society. The control corresponding to prevention needed to be implemented in full almost all the time for all types of societies. In the case of the other two controls, the scenario was greatly affected depending on the types of societies.

Conclusion: Prevention and treatment for elderly people with ludomania are the main intervention strategies. We found that optimal timely implementation of the intervention strategies was more effective. The optimal control strategy varied with the initial number of gamblers. However, three intervention strategies were considered, among which, preventing people from engaging in all types of gambling proved to be the most crucial.

No MeSH data available.