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A mouse protein that localizes to acrosome and sperm tail is regulated by Y-chromosome.

Bhattacharya R, Devi MS, Dhople VM, Jesudasan RA - BMC Cell Biol. (2013)

Bottom Line: Novel proteins are still being reported from acrosome.MAST does not contain any known motifs for protein interactions; yet it complexes with calcium-binding proteins localizing to the acrosome.The role of Y chromosome in the regulation of this complex is however not clear from the current study.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. rachel@ccmb.res.in.

ABSTRACT

Background: Acrosomal proteins play crucial roles in the physiology of fertilization. Identification of proteins localizing to the acrosome is fundamental to the understanding of its contribution to fertilization. Novel proteins are still being reported from acrosome. In order to capture yet unreported proteins localizing to acrosome in particular and sperm in general, 2D-PAGE and mass spectrometry analysis of mouse sperm proteins was done.

Results: One of the protein spots identified in the above study was reported in the NCBI database as a hypothetical protein from Riken cDNA 1700026L06 that localizes to chromosome number 2. Immunofluorescence studies using the antibody raised in rabbit against the recombinant protein showed that it localized to mouse acrosome and sperm tail. Based on the localization of this protein, it has been named mouse acrosome and sperm tail protein (MAST, [Q7TPM5 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/protein/Q7TPM5)]). This protein shows 96% identity to the rat spermatid specific protein RSB66. Western blotting showed that MAST is expressed testis-specifically. Co-immunoprecipitation studies using the MAST antibody identified two calcium-binding proteins, caldendrin and calreticulin as interacting partners of MAST. Caldendrin and calreticulin genes localize to mouse chromosomes 5 and 8 respectively. In a Yq-deletion mutant mouse, that is subfertile and has a deletion of 2/3rd of the long arm of the Y chromosome, MAST failed to localize to the acrosome. Western blot analysis however, revealed equal expression of MAST in the testes of wild type and mutant mice. The acrosomal calcium-binding proteins present in the MAST IP-complex were upregulated in sperms of Yq-del mice.

Conclusions: We have identified a mouse acrosomal protein, MAST, that is expressed testis specifically. MAST does not contain any known motifs for protein interactions; yet it complexes with calcium-binding proteins localizing to the acrosome. The misexpression of all the proteins identified in a complex in the Yq-del mice invokes the hypothesis of a putative pathway regulated by the Y chromosome. The role of Y chromosome in the regulation of this complex is however not clear from the current study.

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Comparative expressions of calreticulin in normal and subfertile mice by Western blotting. The panels show comparative expression of calreticulin (55 kDa) in testes of normal (XY) and subfertile (XYq-del) mice. Calreticulin is over expressed in the sperms from the subfertile mice. β-Tubulin is the loading control. The intensities of the bands were quantitated using Gene tool software and normalised against tubulin. *indicates statistical significance when compared to XY sperm.
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Figure 6: Comparative expressions of calreticulin in normal and subfertile mice by Western blotting. The panels show comparative expression of calreticulin (55 kDa) in testes of normal (XY) and subfertile (XYq-del) mice. Calreticulin is over expressed in the sperms from the subfertile mice. β-Tubulin is the loading control. The intensities of the bands were quantitated using Gene tool software and normalised against tubulin. *indicates statistical significance when compared to XY sperm.

Mentions: The expression of the interacting partners of MAST, caldendrin and calreticulin were also studied in Yq-del sperm by western blot analysis. Immunoblotting using anti calreticulin antibody on sperm lysates from normal and Yq-del males showed 2.6 fold higher expression in Yq-del sperms (Figure 6). The expression of caldendrin, the other interacting protein was found to be 4 fold higher in Yq-del sperms when compared to normal sperms (Figure 7).


A mouse protein that localizes to acrosome and sperm tail is regulated by Y-chromosome.

Bhattacharya R, Devi MS, Dhople VM, Jesudasan RA - BMC Cell Biol. (2013)

Comparative expressions of calreticulin in normal and subfertile mice by Western blotting. The panels show comparative expression of calreticulin (55 kDa) in testes of normal (XY) and subfertile (XYq-del) mice. Calreticulin is over expressed in the sperms from the subfertile mice. β-Tubulin is the loading control. The intensities of the bands were quantitated using Gene tool software and normalised against tubulin. *indicates statistical significance when compared to XY sperm.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4225516&req=5

Figure 6: Comparative expressions of calreticulin in normal and subfertile mice by Western blotting. The panels show comparative expression of calreticulin (55 kDa) in testes of normal (XY) and subfertile (XYq-del) mice. Calreticulin is over expressed in the sperms from the subfertile mice. β-Tubulin is the loading control. The intensities of the bands were quantitated using Gene tool software and normalised against tubulin. *indicates statistical significance when compared to XY sperm.
Mentions: The expression of the interacting partners of MAST, caldendrin and calreticulin were also studied in Yq-del sperm by western blot analysis. Immunoblotting using anti calreticulin antibody on sperm lysates from normal and Yq-del males showed 2.6 fold higher expression in Yq-del sperms (Figure 6). The expression of caldendrin, the other interacting protein was found to be 4 fold higher in Yq-del sperms when compared to normal sperms (Figure 7).

Bottom Line: Novel proteins are still being reported from acrosome.MAST does not contain any known motifs for protein interactions; yet it complexes with calcium-binding proteins localizing to the acrosome.The role of Y chromosome in the regulation of this complex is however not clear from the current study.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. rachel@ccmb.res.in.

ABSTRACT

Background: Acrosomal proteins play crucial roles in the physiology of fertilization. Identification of proteins localizing to the acrosome is fundamental to the understanding of its contribution to fertilization. Novel proteins are still being reported from acrosome. In order to capture yet unreported proteins localizing to acrosome in particular and sperm in general, 2D-PAGE and mass spectrometry analysis of mouse sperm proteins was done.

Results: One of the protein spots identified in the above study was reported in the NCBI database as a hypothetical protein from Riken cDNA 1700026L06 that localizes to chromosome number 2. Immunofluorescence studies using the antibody raised in rabbit against the recombinant protein showed that it localized to mouse acrosome and sperm tail. Based on the localization of this protein, it has been named mouse acrosome and sperm tail protein (MAST, [Q7TPM5 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/protein/Q7TPM5)]). This protein shows 96% identity to the rat spermatid specific protein RSB66. Western blotting showed that MAST is expressed testis-specifically. Co-immunoprecipitation studies using the MAST antibody identified two calcium-binding proteins, caldendrin and calreticulin as interacting partners of MAST. Caldendrin and calreticulin genes localize to mouse chromosomes 5 and 8 respectively. In a Yq-deletion mutant mouse, that is subfertile and has a deletion of 2/3rd of the long arm of the Y chromosome, MAST failed to localize to the acrosome. Western blot analysis however, revealed equal expression of MAST in the testes of wild type and mutant mice. The acrosomal calcium-binding proteins present in the MAST IP-complex were upregulated in sperms of Yq-del mice.

Conclusions: We have identified a mouse acrosomal protein, MAST, that is expressed testis specifically. MAST does not contain any known motifs for protein interactions; yet it complexes with calcium-binding proteins localizing to the acrosome. The misexpression of all the proteins identified in a complex in the Yq-del mice invokes the hypothesis of a putative pathway regulated by the Y chromosome. The role of Y chromosome in the regulation of this complex is however not clear from the current study.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus