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The Difference in Comorbidities and Behavioral Aspects between Internet Abuse and Internet Dependence in Korean Male Adolescents.

Lee JY, Park EJ, Kwon M, Choi JH, Jeong JE, Choi JS, Choi SW, Lee CU, Kim DJ - Psychiatry Investig (2014)

Bottom Line: Significant differences were observed in three items between the abuse and dependence groups, but there were no significant differences between the non-addict and abuse groups.In terms of behavioral aspects, scores for abusive, sexual, and decreased social interest behaviors were highest in the dependence group, and lowest in the non-addict group.However, the behavioral aspects of decreased interpersonal relationships did not show this difference between groups.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sungil Mental Hospital, Namwon, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study examined the differences in psychiatric comorbidities and behavioral aspects in accordance with the severity of Internet addiction in male adolescents.

Methods: One hundred and twenty-five adolescents from four middle and high schools in Seoul were enrolled in this study. The subjects were divided into non-addict, abuse, and dependence groups according to a diagnostic interview by psychiatrists. The psychiatric comorbidities and behavioral aspects of subjects were evaluated through psychiatric clinical interviews based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition), the Children's Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Internet Addiction Test, and a self-reported questionnaire about behavioral aspects.

Results: The psychiatric comorbidity distributions were significantly different in the abuse and dependence groups, particularly in terms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and mood disorder items. The Children's Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Internet Addiction Test scores were also significantly different among the three groups. There were significant differences in 10 of the 20 items of the Internet Addiction Test between the non-addict, abuse, and dependence groups. There were significant differences in seven items between the non-addict and abuse groups, but no differences between subjects in the abuse and dependence groups. Significant differences were observed in three items between the abuse and dependence groups, but there were no significant differences between the non-addict and abuse groups. In terms of behavioral aspects, scores for abusive, sexual, and decreased social interest behaviors were highest in the dependence group, and lowest in the non-addict group. However, the behavioral aspects of decreased interpersonal relationships did not show this difference between groups.

Conclusion: This study suggests that there are differences in psychiatric comorbidities and behavioral aspects between adolescent males with characteristics of Internet abuse and Internet dependence.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comorbidities of Internet abuse and dependence groups. Fisher's exact test was used for statistical comparisons. ADHD: attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
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Figure 1: Comorbidities of Internet abuse and dependence groups. Fisher's exact test was used for statistical comparisons. ADHD: attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Mentions: Several psychiatric comorbidities were identified among the Internet addicts. In the total addict group, the most common comorbidity was depressive disorder (38.7%), followed by attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (35.5%), mood disorders other than depressive disorder (12.9%), anxiety disorder (8.1%), substance use disorder (4.8%), impulse control disorder (4.8%), and other (14.5%). When the addict group was subdivided into abuse and dependence groups, there were further differences in the frequency of comorbidities between the two groups (Table 3). The total comorbidity rate was higher in the dependence group (82.9%) than in the abuse group (81.0%), but the difference was not statistically significant. The only significant difference between the two groups was in the frequency of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. The combination of depressive disorder and other mood disorders into a single category of "mood disorders", revealed a significant difference between the two groups as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (Figure 1).


The Difference in Comorbidities and Behavioral Aspects between Internet Abuse and Internet Dependence in Korean Male Adolescents.

Lee JY, Park EJ, Kwon M, Choi JH, Jeong JE, Choi JS, Choi SW, Lee CU, Kim DJ - Psychiatry Investig (2014)

Comorbidities of Internet abuse and dependence groups. Fisher's exact test was used for statistical comparisons. ADHD: attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4225202&req=5

Figure 1: Comorbidities of Internet abuse and dependence groups. Fisher's exact test was used for statistical comparisons. ADHD: attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Mentions: Several psychiatric comorbidities were identified among the Internet addicts. In the total addict group, the most common comorbidity was depressive disorder (38.7%), followed by attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (35.5%), mood disorders other than depressive disorder (12.9%), anxiety disorder (8.1%), substance use disorder (4.8%), impulse control disorder (4.8%), and other (14.5%). When the addict group was subdivided into abuse and dependence groups, there were further differences in the frequency of comorbidities between the two groups (Table 3). The total comorbidity rate was higher in the dependence group (82.9%) than in the abuse group (81.0%), but the difference was not statistically significant. The only significant difference between the two groups was in the frequency of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. The combination of depressive disorder and other mood disorders into a single category of "mood disorders", revealed a significant difference between the two groups as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Significant differences were observed in three items between the abuse and dependence groups, but there were no significant differences between the non-addict and abuse groups.In terms of behavioral aspects, scores for abusive, sexual, and decreased social interest behaviors were highest in the dependence group, and lowest in the non-addict group.However, the behavioral aspects of decreased interpersonal relationships did not show this difference between groups.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sungil Mental Hospital, Namwon, Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study examined the differences in psychiatric comorbidities and behavioral aspects in accordance with the severity of Internet addiction in male adolescents.

Methods: One hundred and twenty-five adolescents from four middle and high schools in Seoul were enrolled in this study. The subjects were divided into non-addict, abuse, and dependence groups according to a diagnostic interview by psychiatrists. The psychiatric comorbidities and behavioral aspects of subjects were evaluated through psychiatric clinical interviews based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition), the Children's Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Internet Addiction Test, and a self-reported questionnaire about behavioral aspects.

Results: The psychiatric comorbidity distributions were significantly different in the abuse and dependence groups, particularly in terms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and mood disorder items. The Children's Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Internet Addiction Test scores were also significantly different among the three groups. There were significant differences in 10 of the 20 items of the Internet Addiction Test between the non-addict, abuse, and dependence groups. There were significant differences in seven items between the non-addict and abuse groups, but no differences between subjects in the abuse and dependence groups. Significant differences were observed in three items between the abuse and dependence groups, but there were no significant differences between the non-addict and abuse groups. In terms of behavioral aspects, scores for abusive, sexual, and decreased social interest behaviors were highest in the dependence group, and lowest in the non-addict group. However, the behavioral aspects of decreased interpersonal relationships did not show this difference between groups.

Conclusion: This study suggests that there are differences in psychiatric comorbidities and behavioral aspects between adolescent males with characteristics of Internet abuse and Internet dependence.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus