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Brucellosis seroprevalence in Bali cattle with reproductive failure in South Sulawesi and Brucella abortus biovar 1 genotypes in the Eastern Indonesian archipelago.

Muflihanah H, Hatta M, Rood E, Scheelbeek P, Abdoel TH, Smits HL - BMC Vet. Res. (2013)

Bottom Line: The results of a rapid and simple field test correlated well with the Rose Bengal test (kappa, 0.917) and indicated an acceptable sensitivity (87.5%) and specificity (98.1%) compared with the complement fixation test.Past reproductive failure did not, however, correlate with seropositivity in the complement fixation test (RP = 1.21; P = 0.847).The fresh isolation of the pathogen together with the observed high seroprevalence demonstrates the presence and frequent exposure of cattle in the area to the pathogen.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: KIT Biomedical Research, Royal Tropical Institute/Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen (KIT), Meibergdreef 39, 1105AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. h.smits@kit.nl.

ABSTRACT

Background: Brucellosis is a major cause of infertility and reproductive failure in livestock. While cattle in the Eastern Indonesian archipelago suffers from reproductive problems information on bovine brucellosis in the region is fragmentary. The control of brucellosis requires a major and prolonged effort and confirmation of the infection by isolation with detailed knowledge of the spread of the infection is essential when planning a control program.

Results: Serological investigation of Brucella infection in beef cattle tended under extensive farming conditions revealed a high seroprevalence (19.3%; 95% CI, 17-22) in the compliment fixation tests. The results of a rapid and simple field test correlated well with the Rose Bengal test (kappa, 0.917) and indicated an acceptable sensitivity (87.5%) and specificity (98.1%) compared with the complement fixation test. Reproductive failure was reported for 39.0% of the cows with a loss of calves due to abortion or early death amounting to 19.3%. Past reproductive failure did not, however, correlate with seropositivity in the complement fixation test (RP = 1.21; P = 0.847). B. abortus biovar 1 was freshly isolated from the hygromas of two cows and together with thirty banked isolates collected since 1990 from different parts of Sulawesi and Timor eight related genotypes could be distinguished with one genotype being identical to that of an isolate (BfR91) from Switzerland. The Indonesian genotypes formed together with BfR91 and one African and one North American isolate a distinct branch on the B. abortus biovar 1 dendogram.

Conclusions: Bovine brucellosis appears to be widespread in the Eastern Indonesian archipelago and calls for urgent intervention. The fresh isolation of the pathogen together with the observed high seroprevalence demonstrates the presence and frequent exposure of cattle in the area to the pathogen. The application of a rapid and simple field test for brucellosis could be very useful for the quick screening of cattle at the pen side.

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Dendogram of global Brucella abortus biovar 1 genotypes. Dendogram based on MLVA-16 genotyping showing the relationship of 49 B. abortus biovar 1 strains originating from various continents including Europe, South, Central and North America, Africa and Asia whereby the Indonesian genotype BInd33 is identical to genotype BfR91 from Switzerland. The dendogram was constructed using B. melitensis biovar 1 strain BCCNV3 with Bruce MLVA-16 code (3, 4, 2, 13, 4, 2, 3, 3, 7, 18, 6, 2, 5, 6, 8, 4) as queried strain [39].
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Figure 2: Dendogram of global Brucella abortus biovar 1 genotypes. Dendogram based on MLVA-16 genotyping showing the relationship of 49 B. abortus biovar 1 strains originating from various continents including Europe, South, Central and North America, Africa and Asia whereby the Indonesian genotype BInd33 is identical to genotype BfR91 from Switzerland. The dendogram was constructed using B. melitensis biovar 1 strain BCCNV3 with Bruce MLVA-16 code (3, 4, 2, 13, 4, 2, 3, 3, 7, 18, 6, 2, 5, 6, 8, 4) as queried strain [39].

Mentions: Forty-two MLVA-16 genotypes have been reported for B. abortus biovar 1 isolates from the old and new world and Africa combined [20,21], which together with the eight genotypes determined for the Indonesia isolates makes 49 distinct B. abortus biovar 1 genotypes. The different MLVA-16 panel 1 and 2A loci for this global collection of B. abortus biovar 1 genotypes showed limited variation with 1, 2 or 3 alleles only and a modest variation was observed for four of the panel 2B locus with a maximum D value of 0.729 and with 6 alleles observed for MLVA-16 locus bruce16 (Table 6). The maximum distance between the genotypes of this collection of 44 B. abortus biovar 1 genotypes was ten. In the dendogram constructed for this global collection of B. abortus biovar 1 genotypes from Europe, Africa and the Americans, the Indonesian isolates locate on a branch together with three genotypes originally detected in Europe (BfR91), Africa (BfR96) and North America (BCCNV5) (Figure 2).


Brucellosis seroprevalence in Bali cattle with reproductive failure in South Sulawesi and Brucella abortus biovar 1 genotypes in the Eastern Indonesian archipelago.

Muflihanah H, Hatta M, Rood E, Scheelbeek P, Abdoel TH, Smits HL - BMC Vet. Res. (2013)

Dendogram of global Brucella abortus biovar 1 genotypes. Dendogram based on MLVA-16 genotyping showing the relationship of 49 B. abortus biovar 1 strains originating from various continents including Europe, South, Central and North America, Africa and Asia whereby the Indonesian genotype BInd33 is identical to genotype BfR91 from Switzerland. The dendogram was constructed using B. melitensis biovar 1 strain BCCNV3 with Bruce MLVA-16 code (3, 4, 2, 13, 4, 2, 3, 3, 7, 18, 6, 2, 5, 6, 8, 4) as queried strain [39].
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4222555&req=5

Figure 2: Dendogram of global Brucella abortus biovar 1 genotypes. Dendogram based on MLVA-16 genotyping showing the relationship of 49 B. abortus biovar 1 strains originating from various continents including Europe, South, Central and North America, Africa and Asia whereby the Indonesian genotype BInd33 is identical to genotype BfR91 from Switzerland. The dendogram was constructed using B. melitensis biovar 1 strain BCCNV3 with Bruce MLVA-16 code (3, 4, 2, 13, 4, 2, 3, 3, 7, 18, 6, 2, 5, 6, 8, 4) as queried strain [39].
Mentions: Forty-two MLVA-16 genotypes have been reported for B. abortus biovar 1 isolates from the old and new world and Africa combined [20,21], which together with the eight genotypes determined for the Indonesia isolates makes 49 distinct B. abortus biovar 1 genotypes. The different MLVA-16 panel 1 and 2A loci for this global collection of B. abortus biovar 1 genotypes showed limited variation with 1, 2 or 3 alleles only and a modest variation was observed for four of the panel 2B locus with a maximum D value of 0.729 and with 6 alleles observed for MLVA-16 locus bruce16 (Table 6). The maximum distance between the genotypes of this collection of 44 B. abortus biovar 1 genotypes was ten. In the dendogram constructed for this global collection of B. abortus biovar 1 genotypes from Europe, Africa and the Americans, the Indonesian isolates locate on a branch together with three genotypes originally detected in Europe (BfR91), Africa (BfR96) and North America (BCCNV5) (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: The results of a rapid and simple field test correlated well with the Rose Bengal test (kappa, 0.917) and indicated an acceptable sensitivity (87.5%) and specificity (98.1%) compared with the complement fixation test.Past reproductive failure did not, however, correlate with seropositivity in the complement fixation test (RP = 1.21; P = 0.847).The fresh isolation of the pathogen together with the observed high seroprevalence demonstrates the presence and frequent exposure of cattle in the area to the pathogen.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: KIT Biomedical Research, Royal Tropical Institute/Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen (KIT), Meibergdreef 39, 1105AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. h.smits@kit.nl.

ABSTRACT

Background: Brucellosis is a major cause of infertility and reproductive failure in livestock. While cattle in the Eastern Indonesian archipelago suffers from reproductive problems information on bovine brucellosis in the region is fragmentary. The control of brucellosis requires a major and prolonged effort and confirmation of the infection by isolation with detailed knowledge of the spread of the infection is essential when planning a control program.

Results: Serological investigation of Brucella infection in beef cattle tended under extensive farming conditions revealed a high seroprevalence (19.3%; 95% CI, 17-22) in the compliment fixation tests. The results of a rapid and simple field test correlated well with the Rose Bengal test (kappa, 0.917) and indicated an acceptable sensitivity (87.5%) and specificity (98.1%) compared with the complement fixation test. Reproductive failure was reported for 39.0% of the cows with a loss of calves due to abortion or early death amounting to 19.3%. Past reproductive failure did not, however, correlate with seropositivity in the complement fixation test (RP = 1.21; P = 0.847). B. abortus biovar 1 was freshly isolated from the hygromas of two cows and together with thirty banked isolates collected since 1990 from different parts of Sulawesi and Timor eight related genotypes could be distinguished with one genotype being identical to that of an isolate (BfR91) from Switzerland. The Indonesian genotypes formed together with BfR91 and one African and one North American isolate a distinct branch on the B. abortus biovar 1 dendogram.

Conclusions: Bovine brucellosis appears to be widespread in the Eastern Indonesian archipelago and calls for urgent intervention. The fresh isolation of the pathogen together with the observed high seroprevalence demonstrates the presence and frequent exposure of cattle in the area to the pathogen. The application of a rapid and simple field test for brucellosis could be very useful for the quick screening of cattle at the pen side.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus