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Al-hijamah and oral honey for treating thalassemia, conditions of iron overload, and hyperferremia: toward improving the therapeutic outcomes.

El Sayed SM, Baghdadi H, Abou-Taleb A, Mahmoud HS, Maria RA, Ahmed NS, Helmy Nabo MM - J Blood Med (2014)

Bottom Line: Interestingly, WCT has solid scientific and medical bases (Taibah mechanism) that explain its effectiveness in treating many disease conditions differing in etiology and pathogenesis.Interestingly, WCT was reported to decrease serum ferritin (circulating iron stores) significantly by about 22.25% in healthy subjects (in one session) and to decrease serum iron significantly to the level of causing iron deficiency (in multiple sessions).We will discuss here some reported hematological and therapeutic benefits of Al-hijamah, its medical bases, methodologies, precautions, side effects, contraindications, quantitative evaluation, malpractice, combination with oral honey treatment, and to what extent it may be helpful when treating thalassemia and other conditions of iron overload and hyperferremia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Biochemistry, Sohag Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt ; Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Taibah Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT
Iron overload causes iron deposition and accumulation in the liver, heart, skin, and other tissues resulting in serious tissue damages. Significant blood clearance from iron and ferritin using wet cupping therapy (WCT) has been reported. WCT is an excretory form of treatment that needs more research efforts. WCT is an available, safe, simple, economic, and time-saving outpatient modality of treatment that has no serious side effects. There are no serious limitations or precautions to discontinue WCT. Interestingly, WCT has solid scientific and medical bases (Taibah mechanism) that explain its effectiveness in treating many disease conditions differing in etiology and pathogenesis. WCT utilizes an excretory physiological principle (pressure-dependent excretion) that resembles excretion through renal glomerular filtration and abscess evacuation. WCT exhibits a percutaneous excretory function that clears blood (through fenestrated skin capillaries) and interstitial fluids from pathological substances without adding a metabolic or detoxification burden on the liver and the kidneys. Interestingly, WCT was reported to decrease serum ferritin (circulating iron stores) significantly by about 22.25% in healthy subjects (in one session) and to decrease serum iron significantly to the level of causing iron deficiency (in multiple sessions). WCT was reported to clear blood significantly of triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, total cholesterol, uric acid, inflammatory mediators, and immunoglobulin antibodies (rheumatoid factor). Moreover, WCT was reported to enhance the natural immunity, potentiate pharmacological treatments, and to treat many different disease conditions. There are two distinct methods of WCT: traditional WCT and Al-hijamah (WCT of prophetic medicine). Both start and end with skin sterilization. In traditional WCT, there are two steps, skin scarification followed by suction using plastic cups (double S technique); Al-hijamah is a three-step procedure that includes skin suction using cups, scarification (shartat mihjam in Arabic), and second skin suction (triple S technique). Al-hijamah is a more comprehensive technique and does better than traditional WCT, as Al-hijamah includes two pressure-dependent filtration steps versus one step in traditional WCT. Whenever blood plasma is to be cleared of an excess pathological substance, Al-hijamah is indicated. We will discuss here some reported hematological and therapeutic benefits of Al-hijamah, its medical bases, methodologies, precautions, side effects, contraindications, quantitative evaluation, malpractice, combination with oral honey treatment, and to what extent it may be helpful when treating thalassemia and other conditions of iron overload and hyperferremia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

First step of Al-hijamah (first suction step).Notes: (A) Cups are put mainly at the interscapular regions and upper aspect of the back of trunk (Kahel region over seventh cervical vertebra).28 (B) Skin upliftings are created and become prominent after removal of cups. (C) Hair follicles become more prominent within the skin upliftings.
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f2-jbm-5-219: First step of Al-hijamah (first suction step).Notes: (A) Cups are put mainly at the interscapular regions and upper aspect of the back of trunk (Kahel region over seventh cervical vertebra).28 (B) Skin upliftings are created and become prominent after removal of cups. (C) Hair follicles become more prominent within the skin upliftings.

Mentions: DCT is a one-step therapeutic modality that involves skin suction only and is done mainly for the purpose of pain relief or to stimulate blood flow at a given anatomical area of the human body.11 WCT includes both cupping and bloodletting. There are two reported methodologies of WCT: traditional WCT and Al-hijamah (WCT of prophetic medicine). In both, sterilization using alcohol or povidone iodine in a strict aseptic environment is necessary. Traditional WCT has two steps: skin scarification (puncturing) followed by skin suction (cupping); ie, the double S method or puncturing and cupping method of WCT.18 Al-hijamah has three main steps: skin suction (cupping step using sucking cups) (Figure 2A–C), skin scarification (puncturing skin) (Figure 3A–C), and second skin suction (cupping) (Figure 4A–C); ie, the triple S method or cupping, puncturing, and cupping method of WCT.1,18 The methodology of using traditional WCT for treating many different disease conditions was reported in many published research studies from Germany,19 Korea,20 and the People’s Republic of China.21–24 The methodology of traditional WCT described in those published studies is different from Al-hijamah, which was described in reports from Saudi Arabia25 and other countries.26,27


Al-hijamah and oral honey for treating thalassemia, conditions of iron overload, and hyperferremia: toward improving the therapeutic outcomes.

El Sayed SM, Baghdadi H, Abou-Taleb A, Mahmoud HS, Maria RA, Ahmed NS, Helmy Nabo MM - J Blood Med (2014)

First step of Al-hijamah (first suction step).Notes: (A) Cups are put mainly at the interscapular regions and upper aspect of the back of trunk (Kahel region over seventh cervical vertebra).28 (B) Skin upliftings are created and become prominent after removal of cups. (C) Hair follicles become more prominent within the skin upliftings.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4222535&req=5

f2-jbm-5-219: First step of Al-hijamah (first suction step).Notes: (A) Cups are put mainly at the interscapular regions and upper aspect of the back of trunk (Kahel region over seventh cervical vertebra).28 (B) Skin upliftings are created and become prominent after removal of cups. (C) Hair follicles become more prominent within the skin upliftings.
Mentions: DCT is a one-step therapeutic modality that involves skin suction only and is done mainly for the purpose of pain relief or to stimulate blood flow at a given anatomical area of the human body.11 WCT includes both cupping and bloodletting. There are two reported methodologies of WCT: traditional WCT and Al-hijamah (WCT of prophetic medicine). In both, sterilization using alcohol or povidone iodine in a strict aseptic environment is necessary. Traditional WCT has two steps: skin scarification (puncturing) followed by skin suction (cupping); ie, the double S method or puncturing and cupping method of WCT.18 Al-hijamah has three main steps: skin suction (cupping step using sucking cups) (Figure 2A–C), skin scarification (puncturing skin) (Figure 3A–C), and second skin suction (cupping) (Figure 4A–C); ie, the triple S method or cupping, puncturing, and cupping method of WCT.1,18 The methodology of using traditional WCT for treating many different disease conditions was reported in many published research studies from Germany,19 Korea,20 and the People’s Republic of China.21–24 The methodology of traditional WCT described in those published studies is different from Al-hijamah, which was described in reports from Saudi Arabia25 and other countries.26,27

Bottom Line: Interestingly, WCT has solid scientific and medical bases (Taibah mechanism) that explain its effectiveness in treating many disease conditions differing in etiology and pathogenesis.Interestingly, WCT was reported to decrease serum ferritin (circulating iron stores) significantly by about 22.25% in healthy subjects (in one session) and to decrease serum iron significantly to the level of causing iron deficiency (in multiple sessions).We will discuss here some reported hematological and therapeutic benefits of Al-hijamah, its medical bases, methodologies, precautions, side effects, contraindications, quantitative evaluation, malpractice, combination with oral honey treatment, and to what extent it may be helpful when treating thalassemia and other conditions of iron overload and hyperferremia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Biochemistry, Sohag Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt ; Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Taibah Faculty of Medicine, Taibah University, Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT
Iron overload causes iron deposition and accumulation in the liver, heart, skin, and other tissues resulting in serious tissue damages. Significant blood clearance from iron and ferritin using wet cupping therapy (WCT) has been reported. WCT is an excretory form of treatment that needs more research efforts. WCT is an available, safe, simple, economic, and time-saving outpatient modality of treatment that has no serious side effects. There are no serious limitations or precautions to discontinue WCT. Interestingly, WCT has solid scientific and medical bases (Taibah mechanism) that explain its effectiveness in treating many disease conditions differing in etiology and pathogenesis. WCT utilizes an excretory physiological principle (pressure-dependent excretion) that resembles excretion through renal glomerular filtration and abscess evacuation. WCT exhibits a percutaneous excretory function that clears blood (through fenestrated skin capillaries) and interstitial fluids from pathological substances without adding a metabolic or detoxification burden on the liver and the kidneys. Interestingly, WCT was reported to decrease serum ferritin (circulating iron stores) significantly by about 22.25% in healthy subjects (in one session) and to decrease serum iron significantly to the level of causing iron deficiency (in multiple sessions). WCT was reported to clear blood significantly of triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, total cholesterol, uric acid, inflammatory mediators, and immunoglobulin antibodies (rheumatoid factor). Moreover, WCT was reported to enhance the natural immunity, potentiate pharmacological treatments, and to treat many different disease conditions. There are two distinct methods of WCT: traditional WCT and Al-hijamah (WCT of prophetic medicine). Both start and end with skin sterilization. In traditional WCT, there are two steps, skin scarification followed by suction using plastic cups (double S technique); Al-hijamah is a three-step procedure that includes skin suction using cups, scarification (shartat mihjam in Arabic), and second skin suction (triple S technique). Al-hijamah is a more comprehensive technique and does better than traditional WCT, as Al-hijamah includes two pressure-dependent filtration steps versus one step in traditional WCT. Whenever blood plasma is to be cleared of an excess pathological substance, Al-hijamah is indicated. We will discuss here some reported hematological and therapeutic benefits of Al-hijamah, its medical bases, methodologies, precautions, side effects, contraindications, quantitative evaluation, malpractice, combination with oral honey treatment, and to what extent it may be helpful when treating thalassemia and other conditions of iron overload and hyperferremia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus