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Risk factors for fatal and nonfatal road crashes in iran.

Mehmandar M, Soori H, Amiri M, Norouzirad R, Khabzkhoob M - Iran Red Crescent Med J (2014)

Bottom Line: The smallest odds of fatality were found in the people aged between 18 to 24 years and the highest odds were seen in people ≥ 55 years of age (P < 0.001).Older age, university degrees, female sex, wintertime, and the time of accident seem to be the most important risk factors in road crashes that lead to fatalities in Iran.Drivers in Iran should be informed and trained regarding these risk factors, which have direct effect on casualties and mortalities in road crashes.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: NAJA Research Center of Traffic Police of Iran, Tehran, IR Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Road traffic injuries are among the leading causes of death in the world and Iran.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the role of age, sex, education, and time of accident on human casualties and mortalities of road crashes in Iran.

Materials and methods: This study was based on data gathered by Iranian Police Department from the records of road crashes from April 4, 2008 through April 4, 2009. Road crashes are categorized into three types: with no human casualties, with injuries, and with human mortalities.

Results: The largest rate of human causalities was observed in people aged between 25 to 34 years (P < 0.001). Illiterate people had 81% smaller odds of causality in road crashes (P < 0.001) in comparison with those with a kind of academic education. Overall, 73.4% of crashes had happened during the last ten days of a month were with human casualties (P < 0.001) and human casualties rate was slightly higher in crashes happened between 1 AM to 5 AM Fatality rate was slightly higher in the females (OR = 2.6, P = 0.068). The smallest odds of fatality were found in the people aged between 18 to 24 years and the highest odds were seen in people ≥ 55 years of age (P < 0.001). In people with a university education, 61.9% of crashes were with fatality (P = 0.026). In addition, 82.8% of crashes during winter, 60.2% of crashes during autumn, and 35.8% of crashes during summer were with mortalities. Overall, 78.3% of crashes with human casualties that had happened during 1 AM to 5 AM led to mortalities. There was also a significant association between injury and its intensity with fastening seatbelts.

Conclusions: Older age, university degrees, female sex, wintertime, and the time of accident seem to be the most important risk factors in road crashes that lead to fatalities in Iran. Drivers in Iran should be informed and trained regarding these risk factors, which have direct effect on casualties and mortalities in road crashes.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

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fig12869: Sampling Process Flowchart

Mentions: Our study was a cross-sectional analytic study based on the data recorded by Iranian Police Department from all of road crashes in 30 provinces in the country from April 4, 2008 to April 4, 2009. Target population in this study were the involved people in the road crashes within this period. The process of selecting samples in our study is shown in Figure 1. We chose 105 samples of road crashes from each province. A total of 35 samples for each type of crashes were selected. Road crashes were classified into three types: crashes with no human casualties, crashes with injuries, and crashes with human mortalities.


Risk factors for fatal and nonfatal road crashes in iran.

Mehmandar M, Soori H, Amiri M, Norouzirad R, Khabzkhoob M - Iran Red Crescent Med J (2014)

Sampling Process Flowchart
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4221994&req=5

fig12869: Sampling Process Flowchart
Mentions: Our study was a cross-sectional analytic study based on the data recorded by Iranian Police Department from all of road crashes in 30 provinces in the country from April 4, 2008 to April 4, 2009. Target population in this study were the involved people in the road crashes within this period. The process of selecting samples in our study is shown in Figure 1. We chose 105 samples of road crashes from each province. A total of 35 samples for each type of crashes were selected. Road crashes were classified into three types: crashes with no human casualties, crashes with injuries, and crashes with human mortalities.

Bottom Line: The smallest odds of fatality were found in the people aged between 18 to 24 years and the highest odds were seen in people ≥ 55 years of age (P < 0.001).Older age, university degrees, female sex, wintertime, and the time of accident seem to be the most important risk factors in road crashes that lead to fatalities in Iran.Drivers in Iran should be informed and trained regarding these risk factors, which have direct effect on casualties and mortalities in road crashes.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: NAJA Research Center of Traffic Police of Iran, Tehran, IR Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Road traffic injuries are among the leading causes of death in the world and Iran.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the role of age, sex, education, and time of accident on human casualties and mortalities of road crashes in Iran.

Materials and methods: This study was based on data gathered by Iranian Police Department from the records of road crashes from April 4, 2008 through April 4, 2009. Road crashes are categorized into three types: with no human casualties, with injuries, and with human mortalities.

Results: The largest rate of human causalities was observed in people aged between 25 to 34 years (P < 0.001). Illiterate people had 81% smaller odds of causality in road crashes (P < 0.001) in comparison with those with a kind of academic education. Overall, 73.4% of crashes had happened during the last ten days of a month were with human casualties (P < 0.001) and human casualties rate was slightly higher in crashes happened between 1 AM to 5 AM Fatality rate was slightly higher in the females (OR = 2.6, P = 0.068). The smallest odds of fatality were found in the people aged between 18 to 24 years and the highest odds were seen in people ≥ 55 years of age (P < 0.001). In people with a university education, 61.9% of crashes were with fatality (P = 0.026). In addition, 82.8% of crashes during winter, 60.2% of crashes during autumn, and 35.8% of crashes during summer were with mortalities. Overall, 78.3% of crashes with human casualties that had happened during 1 AM to 5 AM led to mortalities. There was also a significant association between injury and its intensity with fastening seatbelts.

Conclusions: Older age, university degrees, female sex, wintertime, and the time of accident seem to be the most important risk factors in road crashes that lead to fatalities in Iran. Drivers in Iran should be informed and trained regarding these risk factors, which have direct effect on casualties and mortalities in road crashes.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus