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Detecting a single molecule using a micropore-nanopore hybrid chip.

Liu L, Zhu L, Ni Z, Chen Y - Nanoscale Res Lett (2013)

Bottom Line: In this work, novel sensing devices were built on the basis of the chips containing nanopore arrays in polycarbonate (PC) membranes and micropores in Si3N4 films.Using the integrated chips, the transmembrane ionic current induced by biomolecule's translocation was recorded and analyzed, which suggested that the detected current did not change linearly as commonly expected with increasing biomolecule concentration.On the other hand, detailed translocation information (such as translocation gesture) was also extracted from the discrete current blockages in basic current curves.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Design and Manufacture of Micro-Nano Biomedical Instruments, School of Mechanics, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, People's Republic of China. liulei@seu.edu.cn.

ABSTRACT
Nanopore-based DNA sequencing and biomolecule sensing have attracted more and more attention. In this work, novel sensing devices were built on the basis of the chips containing nanopore arrays in polycarbonate (PC) membranes and micropores in Si3N4 films. Using the integrated chips, the transmembrane ionic current induced by biomolecule's translocation was recorded and analyzed, which suggested that the detected current did not change linearly as commonly expected with increasing biomolecule concentration. On the other hand, detailed translocation information (such as translocation gesture) was also extracted from the discrete current blockages in basic current curves. These results indicated that the nanofluidic device based on the chips integrated by micropores and nanopores possessed comparative potentials in biomolecule sensing.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Simultaneous ionic current measurements of DNA translocation based on integrated micro-nanopore chip. The applied voltage is 1 V, and the concentration of KCl solution is 0.01 mol/L. Curve 1 is obtained using chip 1; curve 2 is obtained using chip 2.
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Figure 8: Simultaneous ionic current measurements of DNA translocation based on integrated micro-nanopore chip. The applied voltage is 1 V, and the concentration of KCl solution is 0.01 mol/L. Curve 1 is obtained using chip 1; curve 2 is obtained using chip 2.

Mentions: The top current curve and bottom current curve in Figure 8 are obtained from chip 1 and chip 2, respectively, which show some discrete blockages in the background current induced by DNA translocation. The base lines of the detected ionic currents are stable at 26 nA for chip 1 and 54 nA for chip 2. The blockage appears in the base current curves randomly, which correspond to the different translocation event. Because of more effective nanopore numbers in chip 2, the translocation frequency in this chip is rather higher than that in the case using chip 1. For both cases, the amplitudes of blockades vary from 0.5 to 1.0 nA. The directional movement of DNA temporarily changes the original ionic current, which is generated by the directional movements of K+ and Cl−. When the DNA molecules are added into the solution, they will be driven to pass through the integrated chip by electric field force. First, the physical place-holding effect caused by DNA translocation changes the ionic current simultaneously and results in blockages in current curve. Some positions in the nanopores are partially occupied by DNA, which prevents certain amounts of K+ and Cl− from translocating. This decreases the ionic current which is generated by K+ and Cl−. On the other hand, when DNA passes through the nanopore, its surface charge also contributes to the increase of the detected ionic current. The final current changes are determined by the comprehensive effect of the above factors. If the electrolyte concentration is quite higher (ion density in solution is higher), the lost amounts of ions due to the physical place-holding effect will be quite bigger. At the same time, the surface charge of DNA does not change when the pH value remains. If the current drop caused by the physical place-holding effect is bigger than the current increase caused by the DNA surface charge, it will result in a final decrease blockage in the base current; on the contrary, if the concentration of electrolyte is quite lower and the current drop caused by physical place-holding effect is smaller than the current increase caused by DNA surface charge, it will result in a final increase blockage in the base current, as shown in Figure 8.


Detecting a single molecule using a micropore-nanopore hybrid chip.

Liu L, Zhu L, Ni Z, Chen Y - Nanoscale Res Lett (2013)

Simultaneous ionic current measurements of DNA translocation based on integrated micro-nanopore chip. The applied voltage is 1 V, and the concentration of KCl solution is 0.01 mol/L. Curve 1 is obtained using chip 1; curve 2 is obtained using chip 2.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4221642&req=5

Figure 8: Simultaneous ionic current measurements of DNA translocation based on integrated micro-nanopore chip. The applied voltage is 1 V, and the concentration of KCl solution is 0.01 mol/L. Curve 1 is obtained using chip 1; curve 2 is obtained using chip 2.
Mentions: The top current curve and bottom current curve in Figure 8 are obtained from chip 1 and chip 2, respectively, which show some discrete blockages in the background current induced by DNA translocation. The base lines of the detected ionic currents are stable at 26 nA for chip 1 and 54 nA for chip 2. The blockage appears in the base current curves randomly, which correspond to the different translocation event. Because of more effective nanopore numbers in chip 2, the translocation frequency in this chip is rather higher than that in the case using chip 1. For both cases, the amplitudes of blockades vary from 0.5 to 1.0 nA. The directional movement of DNA temporarily changes the original ionic current, which is generated by the directional movements of K+ and Cl−. When the DNA molecules are added into the solution, they will be driven to pass through the integrated chip by electric field force. First, the physical place-holding effect caused by DNA translocation changes the ionic current simultaneously and results in blockages in current curve. Some positions in the nanopores are partially occupied by DNA, which prevents certain amounts of K+ and Cl− from translocating. This decreases the ionic current which is generated by K+ and Cl−. On the other hand, when DNA passes through the nanopore, its surface charge also contributes to the increase of the detected ionic current. The final current changes are determined by the comprehensive effect of the above factors. If the electrolyte concentration is quite higher (ion density in solution is higher), the lost amounts of ions due to the physical place-holding effect will be quite bigger. At the same time, the surface charge of DNA does not change when the pH value remains. If the current drop caused by the physical place-holding effect is bigger than the current increase caused by the DNA surface charge, it will result in a final decrease blockage in the base current; on the contrary, if the concentration of electrolyte is quite lower and the current drop caused by physical place-holding effect is smaller than the current increase caused by DNA surface charge, it will result in a final increase blockage in the base current, as shown in Figure 8.

Bottom Line: In this work, novel sensing devices were built on the basis of the chips containing nanopore arrays in polycarbonate (PC) membranes and micropores in Si3N4 films.Using the integrated chips, the transmembrane ionic current induced by biomolecule's translocation was recorded and analyzed, which suggested that the detected current did not change linearly as commonly expected with increasing biomolecule concentration.On the other hand, detailed translocation information (such as translocation gesture) was also extracted from the discrete current blockages in basic current curves.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Design and Manufacture of Micro-Nano Biomedical Instruments, School of Mechanics, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, People's Republic of China. liulei@seu.edu.cn.

ABSTRACT
Nanopore-based DNA sequencing and biomolecule sensing have attracted more and more attention. In this work, novel sensing devices were built on the basis of the chips containing nanopore arrays in polycarbonate (PC) membranes and micropores in Si3N4 films. Using the integrated chips, the transmembrane ionic current induced by biomolecule's translocation was recorded and analyzed, which suggested that the detected current did not change linearly as commonly expected with increasing biomolecule concentration. On the other hand, detailed translocation information (such as translocation gesture) was also extracted from the discrete current blockages in basic current curves. These results indicated that the nanofluidic device based on the chips integrated by micropores and nanopores possessed comparative potentials in biomolecule sensing.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus