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Measurement of muscle length-related electromyography activity of the hip flexor muscles to determine individual muscle contributions to the hip flexion torque.

Jiroumaru T, Kurihara T, Isaka T - Springerplus (2014)

Bottom Line: The root mean square (RMS) value for the TFL at 30° (0.81 ± 0.19, p <0.005) and 60° (0.66 ± 0.17, p <0.001) and the SA at 60° (0.62 ± 0.24, p <0.005) were significantly decreased compared with those at 0°.However, the RMS value for the IL and RF did not change significantly.We conclude that, in a hip joint flexed position, the contribution of the IL to hip flexion movement is relatively larger than that of the other hip flexor muscles.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Graduate School of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Noji Higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga, 525-8577 Japan ; Shiga School of Medical Technology, 967 Kitasaka-cho, Higashiomi, Shiga, 527-0145 Japan.

ABSTRACT
This study aimed to investigate muscle length-related electromyography (EMG) of the iliopsoas (IL) and other hip flexor muscles to determine individual muscle contributions to the hip flexion torque. Ten healthy sedentary young men participated in the EMG experiment. A subgroup of six subjects underwent a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurement to confirm the region of the skin over the IL. Surface EMG signals were sampled from the IL, rectus femoris (RF), sartorius (SA), and tensor fasciae latae (TFL) using an active electrode. The subjects performed maximum voluntary isometric hip flexion with the right hip joint set at -10°, 0°, 30°, and 60°. The root mean square (RMS) value for the TFL at 30° (0.81 ± 0.19, p <0.005) and 60° (0.66 ± 0.17, p <0.001) and the SA at 60° (0.62 ± 0.24, p <0.005) were significantly decreased compared with those at 0°. However, the RMS value for the IL and RF did not change significantly. The RMS value and muscle length changes were significantly correlated in the IL (r =0.39, p <0.05), SA (r =0.51, p <0.001), and TFL (r =0.70, p <0.001), but not in the RF (r =0.22, p =0.180). We conclude that, in a hip joint flexed position, the contribution of the IL to hip flexion movement is relatively larger than that of the other hip flexor muscles.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Relationship between normalised electromyographic activity and muscle length changes. Average root mean square (RMS) values for maximum voluntary contraction at four hip joint angles were normalised by the RMS value at a hip joint angle of 0°. Values are presented as means and standard deviations. IL, iliopsoas; RF, rectus femoris; SA, sartorius; TFL, tensor fasciae latae.
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Fig2: Relationship between normalised electromyographic activity and muscle length changes. Average root mean square (RMS) values for maximum voluntary contraction at four hip joint angles were normalised by the RMS value at a hip joint angle of 0°. Values are presented as means and standard deviations. IL, iliopsoas; RF, rectus femoris; SA, sartorius; TFL, tensor fasciae latae.

Mentions: There were significant correlations between the RMS value and the muscle length changes in the IL (r =0.39, p <0.05), SA (r =0.51, p <0.001), and TFL (r =0.70, p <0.001), but not in the RF (r =0.22, p =0.180) (Figure 2). Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) revealed that the slopes and intercepts of the regression lines for the IL, SA, and TFL were not significantly different.Figure 1


Measurement of muscle length-related electromyography activity of the hip flexor muscles to determine individual muscle contributions to the hip flexion torque.

Jiroumaru T, Kurihara T, Isaka T - Springerplus (2014)

Relationship between normalised electromyographic activity and muscle length changes. Average root mean square (RMS) values for maximum voluntary contraction at four hip joint angles were normalised by the RMS value at a hip joint angle of 0°. Values are presented as means and standard deviations. IL, iliopsoas; RF, rectus femoris; SA, sartorius; TFL, tensor fasciae latae.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4221557&req=5

Fig2: Relationship between normalised electromyographic activity and muscle length changes. Average root mean square (RMS) values for maximum voluntary contraction at four hip joint angles were normalised by the RMS value at a hip joint angle of 0°. Values are presented as means and standard deviations. IL, iliopsoas; RF, rectus femoris; SA, sartorius; TFL, tensor fasciae latae.
Mentions: There were significant correlations between the RMS value and the muscle length changes in the IL (r =0.39, p <0.05), SA (r =0.51, p <0.001), and TFL (r =0.70, p <0.001), but not in the RF (r =0.22, p =0.180) (Figure 2). Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) revealed that the slopes and intercepts of the regression lines for the IL, SA, and TFL were not significantly different.Figure 1

Bottom Line: The root mean square (RMS) value for the TFL at 30° (0.81 ± 0.19, p <0.005) and 60° (0.66 ± 0.17, p <0.001) and the SA at 60° (0.62 ± 0.24, p <0.005) were significantly decreased compared with those at 0°.However, the RMS value for the IL and RF did not change significantly.We conclude that, in a hip joint flexed position, the contribution of the IL to hip flexion movement is relatively larger than that of the other hip flexor muscles.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Graduate School of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Noji Higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga, 525-8577 Japan ; Shiga School of Medical Technology, 967 Kitasaka-cho, Higashiomi, Shiga, 527-0145 Japan.

ABSTRACT
This study aimed to investigate muscle length-related electromyography (EMG) of the iliopsoas (IL) and other hip flexor muscles to determine individual muscle contributions to the hip flexion torque. Ten healthy sedentary young men participated in the EMG experiment. A subgroup of six subjects underwent a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurement to confirm the region of the skin over the IL. Surface EMG signals were sampled from the IL, rectus femoris (RF), sartorius (SA), and tensor fasciae latae (TFL) using an active electrode. The subjects performed maximum voluntary isometric hip flexion with the right hip joint set at -10°, 0°, 30°, and 60°. The root mean square (RMS) value for the TFL at 30° (0.81 ± 0.19, p <0.005) and 60° (0.66 ± 0.17, p <0.001) and the SA at 60° (0.62 ± 0.24, p <0.005) were significantly decreased compared with those at 0°. However, the RMS value for the IL and RF did not change significantly. The RMS value and muscle length changes were significantly correlated in the IL (r =0.39, p <0.05), SA (r =0.51, p <0.001), and TFL (r =0.70, p <0.001), but not in the RF (r =0.22, p =0.180). We conclude that, in a hip joint flexed position, the contribution of the IL to hip flexion movement is relatively larger than that of the other hip flexor muscles.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus