Limits...
Intestinal microbiota is different in women with preterm birth: results from terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.

Shiozaki A, Yoneda S, Yoneda N, Yonezawa R, Matsubayashi T, Seo G, Saito S - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: Significantly low levels of Clostridium subcluster XVIII, Clostridium cluster IV, Clostridium subcluster XIVa, and Bacteroides, and a significantly high level of Lactobacillales were observed in the intestinal microbiota in the PTB group compared with those in the non-PTL group.However, there were no significant differences in vaginal microbiota among the three groups.Intestinal microbiota in the PTB group was found to differ from that in the non-PTL group using the T-RFLP method.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

ABSTRACT
Preterm birth is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Studies using a cultivation method or molecular identification have shown that bacterial vaginosis is one of the risk factors for preterm birth. However, an association between preterm birth and intestinal microbiota has not been reported using molecular techniques, although the vaginal microbiota changes during pregnancy. Our aim here was to clarify the difference in intestinal and vaginal microbiota between women with preterm birth and women without preterm labor. 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid genes were amplified from fecal and vaginal DNA by polymerase chain reaction. Using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP), we compared the levels of operational taxonomic units of both intestinal and vaginal flora among three groups: pregnant women who delivered term babies without preterm labor (non-PTL group) (n = 20), those who had preterm labor but delivered term babies (PTL group) (n = 11), and those who had preterm birth (PTB group) (n = 10). Significantly low levels of Clostridium subcluster XVIII, Clostridium cluster IV, Clostridium subcluster XIVa, and Bacteroides, and a significantly high level of Lactobacillales were observed in the intestinal microbiota in the PTB group compared with those in the non-PTL group. The levels of Clostridium subcluster XVIII and Clostridium subcluster XIVa in the PTB group were significantly lower than those in the PTL group, and these levels in the PTL group were significantly lower than those in non-PTL group. However, there were no significant differences in vaginal microbiota among the three groups. Intestinal microbiota in the PTB group was found to differ from that in the non-PTL group using the T-RFLP method.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

A. Principal component analysis of fecal microbiota. Principal component analysis scores are plotted based on the relative abundance of OTUs of vaginal microbiota. The percentage of variation explained by the principal coordinates is indicated on the axis. Open circles (○) represent the non-PTL group, open triangles (△) the PTL group, and closed triangles (▴) the PTB group. A dotted line, on the left in Figure 1A, shows ‘cluster 1′, which contains all 10 cases of the PTB group, as well as 2/20 of the non-PTL group and 7/11 of the PTL group. A solid circle, on the right in Figure 1A, shows 90% of the non-PTL group (18/20) and 36.4% of the PTL group (4/11). The PTL group occupied an intermediate position between the non-PTL group and the PTB group. B. Principal component analysis of vaginal microbiota. Principal component analysis scores are plotted based on the relative abundance of OTUs of vaginal microbiota. The percentage of variation explained by the principal coordinates is indicated on the axis. Open circles (○) represent the non-PTL group, open triangles (△) the PTL group, and closed triangles (▴) the PTB group.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4221021&req=5

pone-0111374-g001: A. Principal component analysis of fecal microbiota. Principal component analysis scores are plotted based on the relative abundance of OTUs of vaginal microbiota. The percentage of variation explained by the principal coordinates is indicated on the axis. Open circles (○) represent the non-PTL group, open triangles (△) the PTL group, and closed triangles (▴) the PTB group. A dotted line, on the left in Figure 1A, shows ‘cluster 1′, which contains all 10 cases of the PTB group, as well as 2/20 of the non-PTL group and 7/11 of the PTL group. A solid circle, on the right in Figure 1A, shows 90% of the non-PTL group (18/20) and 36.4% of the PTL group (4/11). The PTL group occupied an intermediate position between the non-PTL group and the PTB group. B. Principal component analysis of vaginal microbiota. Principal component analysis scores are plotted based on the relative abundance of OTUs of vaginal microbiota. The percentage of variation explained by the principal coordinates is indicated on the axis. Open circles (○) represent the non-PTL group, open triangles (△) the PTL group, and closed triangles (▴) the PTB group.

Mentions: PCA was performed based on the relative abundance of OTUs in fecal samples. The first two principal component scores, which accounted for 19.7% and 10.4% of the total variation, were calculated. Hierarchical clustering of fecal samples on the basis of their first two principal component scores separated the fecal samples into two primary clusters (Figure 1A). One cluster (labeled as ‘cluster 1′, thick dotted line, left in Figure 1A) included all 10 cases of the PTB group, as well as 2/20 of the non-PTL group and 7/11 of the PTL group. The other cluster (labeled as ‘cluster 2′, thick solid line, right in Figure 1A) was dominated by 90% of the non-PTL group (18/20) and 36.4% of the PTL group (4/11). No PTB cases were included in cluster 2 (0/10). The components of the PTL group occupied an intermediate position between the non-PTL group and the PTB group.


Intestinal microbiota is different in women with preterm birth: results from terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.

Shiozaki A, Yoneda S, Yoneda N, Yonezawa R, Matsubayashi T, Seo G, Saito S - PLoS ONE (2014)

A. Principal component analysis of fecal microbiota. Principal component analysis scores are plotted based on the relative abundance of OTUs of vaginal microbiota. The percentage of variation explained by the principal coordinates is indicated on the axis. Open circles (○) represent the non-PTL group, open triangles (△) the PTL group, and closed triangles (▴) the PTB group. A dotted line, on the left in Figure 1A, shows ‘cluster 1′, which contains all 10 cases of the PTB group, as well as 2/20 of the non-PTL group and 7/11 of the PTL group. A solid circle, on the right in Figure 1A, shows 90% of the non-PTL group (18/20) and 36.4% of the PTL group (4/11). The PTL group occupied an intermediate position between the non-PTL group and the PTB group. B. Principal component analysis of vaginal microbiota. Principal component analysis scores are plotted based on the relative abundance of OTUs of vaginal microbiota. The percentage of variation explained by the principal coordinates is indicated on the axis. Open circles (○) represent the non-PTL group, open triangles (△) the PTL group, and closed triangles (▴) the PTB group.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4221021&req=5

pone-0111374-g001: A. Principal component analysis of fecal microbiota. Principal component analysis scores are plotted based on the relative abundance of OTUs of vaginal microbiota. The percentage of variation explained by the principal coordinates is indicated on the axis. Open circles (○) represent the non-PTL group, open triangles (△) the PTL group, and closed triangles (▴) the PTB group. A dotted line, on the left in Figure 1A, shows ‘cluster 1′, which contains all 10 cases of the PTB group, as well as 2/20 of the non-PTL group and 7/11 of the PTL group. A solid circle, on the right in Figure 1A, shows 90% of the non-PTL group (18/20) and 36.4% of the PTL group (4/11). The PTL group occupied an intermediate position between the non-PTL group and the PTB group. B. Principal component analysis of vaginal microbiota. Principal component analysis scores are plotted based on the relative abundance of OTUs of vaginal microbiota. The percentage of variation explained by the principal coordinates is indicated on the axis. Open circles (○) represent the non-PTL group, open triangles (△) the PTL group, and closed triangles (▴) the PTB group.
Mentions: PCA was performed based on the relative abundance of OTUs in fecal samples. The first two principal component scores, which accounted for 19.7% and 10.4% of the total variation, were calculated. Hierarchical clustering of fecal samples on the basis of their first two principal component scores separated the fecal samples into two primary clusters (Figure 1A). One cluster (labeled as ‘cluster 1′, thick dotted line, left in Figure 1A) included all 10 cases of the PTB group, as well as 2/20 of the non-PTL group and 7/11 of the PTL group. The other cluster (labeled as ‘cluster 2′, thick solid line, right in Figure 1A) was dominated by 90% of the non-PTL group (18/20) and 36.4% of the PTL group (4/11). No PTB cases were included in cluster 2 (0/10). The components of the PTL group occupied an intermediate position between the non-PTL group and the PTB group.

Bottom Line: Significantly low levels of Clostridium subcluster XVIII, Clostridium cluster IV, Clostridium subcluster XIVa, and Bacteroides, and a significantly high level of Lactobacillales were observed in the intestinal microbiota in the PTB group compared with those in the non-PTL group.However, there were no significant differences in vaginal microbiota among the three groups.Intestinal microbiota in the PTB group was found to differ from that in the non-PTL group using the T-RFLP method.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

ABSTRACT
Preterm birth is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Studies using a cultivation method or molecular identification have shown that bacterial vaginosis is one of the risk factors for preterm birth. However, an association between preterm birth and intestinal microbiota has not been reported using molecular techniques, although the vaginal microbiota changes during pregnancy. Our aim here was to clarify the difference in intestinal and vaginal microbiota between women with preterm birth and women without preterm labor. 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid genes were amplified from fecal and vaginal DNA by polymerase chain reaction. Using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP), we compared the levels of operational taxonomic units of both intestinal and vaginal flora among three groups: pregnant women who delivered term babies without preterm labor (non-PTL group) (n = 20), those who had preterm labor but delivered term babies (PTL group) (n = 11), and those who had preterm birth (PTB group) (n = 10). Significantly low levels of Clostridium subcluster XVIII, Clostridium cluster IV, Clostridium subcluster XIVa, and Bacteroides, and a significantly high level of Lactobacillales were observed in the intestinal microbiota in the PTB group compared with those in the non-PTL group. The levels of Clostridium subcluster XVIII and Clostridium subcluster XIVa in the PTB group were significantly lower than those in the PTL group, and these levels in the PTL group were significantly lower than those in non-PTL group. However, there were no significant differences in vaginal microbiota among the three groups. Intestinal microbiota in the PTB group was found to differ from that in the non-PTL group using the T-RFLP method.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus