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An alternative allosteric regulation mechanism of an acidophilic l-lactate dehydrogenase from Enterococcus mundtii 15-1A.

Matoba Y, Miyasako M, Matsuo K, Oda K, Noda M, Higashikawa F, Kumagai T, Sugiyama M - FEBS Open Bio (2014)

Bottom Line: Major structural alterations between the two structures of LDH-2 were observed at two regions in one subunit.At the N-terminal parts of the two regions, the ligands-bound form takes an α-helical structure, while the form without ligands displays more disordered and extended structures.A D241N mutant of LDH-2, which was created by us to easily form an α-helix at one of the two parts, exhibited catalytic activity even in the absence of FBP at both pH 5.5 and 7.5.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Kasumi 1-2-3, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.

ABSTRACT
A plant-derived Enterococcus mundtii 15-1A, that has been previously isolated from Brassica rapa L. subsp. nipposinica (L.H. Bailey) Hanelt var. linearifolia by our group, possesses two kinds of l-lactate dehydrogenase (l-LDH): LDH-1 and LDH-2. LDH-1 was activated under low concentration of fluctose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) at both pH 5.5 and 7.5. Although LDH-2 was also activated under the low concentration of FBP at pH 5.5, a high concentration of FBP is necessary to activate it at pH 7.5. The present study shows the crystal structures of the acidophilic LDH-2 in a complex with and without FBP and NADH. Although the tertiary structure of the ligands-bound LDH-2 is similar to that of the active form of other bacterial l-LDHs, the structure without the ligands is different from that of any other previously determined l-LDHs. Major structural alterations between the two structures of LDH-2 were observed at two regions in one subunit. At the N-terminal parts of the two regions, the ligands-bound form takes an α-helical structure, while the form without ligands displays more disordered and extended structures. A vacuum-ultraviolet circular dichroism analysis showed that the α-helix content of LDH-2 in solution is approximately 30% at pH 7.5, which is close to that in the crystal structure of the form without ligands. A D241N mutant of LDH-2, which was created by us to easily form an α-helix at one of the two parts, exhibited catalytic activity even in the absence of FBP at both pH 5.5 and 7.5.

No MeSH data available.


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An alternative allosteric regulation mechanism of an acidophilic l-lactate dehydrogenase from Enterococcus mundtii 15-1A.

Matoba Y, Miyasako M, Matsuo K, Oda K, Noda M, Higashikawa F, Kumagai T, Sugiyama M - FEBS Open Bio (2014)

© Copyright Policy - CC BY-NC-ND
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4219987&req=5

Bottom Line: Major structural alterations between the two structures of LDH-2 were observed at two regions in one subunit.At the N-terminal parts of the two regions, the ligands-bound form takes an α-helical structure, while the form without ligands displays more disordered and extended structures.A D241N mutant of LDH-2, which was created by us to easily form an α-helix at one of the two parts, exhibited catalytic activity even in the absence of FBP at both pH 5.5 and 7.5.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Kasumi 1-2-3, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan.

ABSTRACT
A plant-derived Enterococcus mundtii 15-1A, that has been previously isolated from Brassica rapa L. subsp. nipposinica (L.H. Bailey) Hanelt var. linearifolia by our group, possesses two kinds of l-lactate dehydrogenase (l-LDH): LDH-1 and LDH-2. LDH-1 was activated under low concentration of fluctose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP) at both pH 5.5 and 7.5. Although LDH-2 was also activated under the low concentration of FBP at pH 5.5, a high concentration of FBP is necessary to activate it at pH 7.5. The present study shows the crystal structures of the acidophilic LDH-2 in a complex with and without FBP and NADH. Although the tertiary structure of the ligands-bound LDH-2 is similar to that of the active form of other bacterial l-LDHs, the structure without the ligands is different from that of any other previously determined l-LDHs. Major structural alterations between the two structures of LDH-2 were observed at two regions in one subunit. At the N-terminal parts of the two regions, the ligands-bound form takes an α-helical structure, while the form without ligands displays more disordered and extended structures. A vacuum-ultraviolet circular dichroism analysis showed that the α-helix content of LDH-2 in solution is approximately 30% at pH 7.5, which is close to that in the crystal structure of the form without ligands. A D241N mutant of LDH-2, which was created by us to easily form an α-helix at one of the two parts, exhibited catalytic activity even in the absence of FBP at both pH 5.5 and 7.5.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus