Limits...
Effectiveness of group reminiscence for improving wellbeing of institutionalized elderly adults: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Gaggioli A, Scaratti C, Morganti L, Stramba-Badiale M, Agostoni M, Spatola CA, Molinari E, Cipresso P, Riva G - Trials (2014)

Bottom Line: This approach has been shown to be promising for improving wellbeing and reducing depressive symptoms among institutionalized older adults.However, despite the considerable interest in reminiscence group therapy, controlled studies to determine its specific benefits as compared to generic social interactions with peers (group conversations about everyday subjects) are still lacking.The protocol of a study aimed at examining the specific effects of group reminiscence therapy on psychological wellbeing, depression, and quality of life among institutionalized elderly people is described.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Applied Technology for Neuro-Psychology Laboratory, Institute for Treatment and Research (I,R,C,C,S,) Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Via Magnasco 2, 20149 Milan, Italy. andrea.gaggioli@auxologico.it.

ABSTRACT

Background: Group reminiscence therapy is a brief and structured intervention in which participants share personal past events with peers. This approach has been shown to be promising for improving wellbeing and reducing depressive symptoms among institutionalized older adults. However, despite the considerable interest in reminiscence group therapy, controlled studies to determine its specific benefits as compared to generic social interactions with peers (group conversations about everyday subjects) are still lacking.

Methods/design: We have designed a randomized controlled trial aimed at comparing the effects of group reminiscence therapy with those of group recreational activity on the psychological wellbeing of an institutionalized sample of older adults. The study includes two groups of 20 hospitalized elderly participants: the experimental group and the control group. Participants included in the experimental group will receive six sessions of group reminiscence therapy, while the control group will participate in a recreational group discussion. A repeated-measures design will be used post-intervention and three months post-intervention to evaluate changes in self-reported outcome measures of depressive symptoms, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and quality of life from baseline.

Discussion: The protocol of a study aimed at examining the specific effects of group reminiscence therapy on psychological wellbeing, depression, and quality of life among institutionalized elderly people is described. It is expected that the outcomes of this trial will contribute to our knowledge about the process of group reminiscence, evaluate its effectiveness in improving psychological wellbeing of institutionalized individuals, and identify the best conditions for optimizing this approach.

Trial registration: This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (registration number: NCT02077153) on 31 January 2014.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

CONSORT flow diagram.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4216871&req=5

Fig1: CONSORT flow diagram.

Mentions: In order to be included in the study, individuals have to meet the following criteria: be 65 years of age or older; have an absence of major depressive symptoms, as indicated by a score lower than 17 on the GDS [18]; have an absence of cognitive impairment, as indicated by a score greater than 21 on the Mini Mental State Examination that corresponds to mild dementia [19]; and are not currently receiving any other psychological treatment for improving wellbeing. Both males and females will be included (FigureĀ 1).Figure 1


Effectiveness of group reminiscence for improving wellbeing of institutionalized elderly adults: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Gaggioli A, Scaratti C, Morganti L, Stramba-Badiale M, Agostoni M, Spatola CA, Molinari E, Cipresso P, Riva G - Trials (2014)

CONSORT flow diagram.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4216871&req=5

Fig1: CONSORT flow diagram.
Mentions: In order to be included in the study, individuals have to meet the following criteria: be 65 years of age or older; have an absence of major depressive symptoms, as indicated by a score lower than 17 on the GDS [18]; have an absence of cognitive impairment, as indicated by a score greater than 21 on the Mini Mental State Examination that corresponds to mild dementia [19]; and are not currently receiving any other psychological treatment for improving wellbeing. Both males and females will be included (FigureĀ 1).Figure 1

Bottom Line: This approach has been shown to be promising for improving wellbeing and reducing depressive symptoms among institutionalized older adults.However, despite the considerable interest in reminiscence group therapy, controlled studies to determine its specific benefits as compared to generic social interactions with peers (group conversations about everyday subjects) are still lacking.The protocol of a study aimed at examining the specific effects of group reminiscence therapy on psychological wellbeing, depression, and quality of life among institutionalized elderly people is described.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Applied Technology for Neuro-Psychology Laboratory, Institute for Treatment and Research (I,R,C,C,S,) Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Via Magnasco 2, 20149 Milan, Italy. andrea.gaggioli@auxologico.it.

ABSTRACT

Background: Group reminiscence therapy is a brief and structured intervention in which participants share personal past events with peers. This approach has been shown to be promising for improving wellbeing and reducing depressive symptoms among institutionalized older adults. However, despite the considerable interest in reminiscence group therapy, controlled studies to determine its specific benefits as compared to generic social interactions with peers (group conversations about everyday subjects) are still lacking.

Methods/design: We have designed a randomized controlled trial aimed at comparing the effects of group reminiscence therapy with those of group recreational activity on the psychological wellbeing of an institutionalized sample of older adults. The study includes two groups of 20 hospitalized elderly participants: the experimental group and the control group. Participants included in the experimental group will receive six sessions of group reminiscence therapy, while the control group will participate in a recreational group discussion. A repeated-measures design will be used post-intervention and three months post-intervention to evaluate changes in self-reported outcome measures of depressive symptoms, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and quality of life from baseline.

Discussion: The protocol of a study aimed at examining the specific effects of group reminiscence therapy on psychological wellbeing, depression, and quality of life among institutionalized elderly people is described. It is expected that the outcomes of this trial will contribute to our knowledge about the process of group reminiscence, evaluate its effectiveness in improving psychological wellbeing of institutionalized individuals, and identify the best conditions for optimizing this approach.

Trial registration: This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (registration number: NCT02077153) on 31 January 2014.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus