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Factors influencing Saudi medical students and interns' choice of future specialty: a self-administered questionnaire.

Alshahrani M, Dhafery B, Al Mulhim M, Alkhadra F, Al Bagshi D, Bukhamsin N - Adv Med Educ Pract (2014)

Bottom Line: Significantly more medical interns considered lifestyle as an important factor compared to medical students (P=0.020).Sex influences indicated that men preferred pediatrics and emergency medicine (P=0.033 and P=0.0006, respectively), while women preferred family medicine practice (P=0.034).Internal medicine, family medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, and emergency medicine were the preferred specialties.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: King Fahad Hospital of the University, Dammam University, Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study explores the most influential factors affecting Saudi medical students and interns' choice of specialty at the University of Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed during the period from June 1 to June 14, 2013. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to test the association between participants' choices and the motivational factors that led to their choice of specialty.

Results: One-hundred sixty-eight (44.7%) participants chose lifestyle as their most influential factor for the choice of their specialty. Significantly more medical interns considered lifestyle as an important factor compared to medical students (P=0.020). Internal medicine was the preferred specialty for 56 participants (14.77%) followed by family medicine for 35 participants (9.2%). Thirty-four participants (8.97%) chose general surgery, and 27 participants (7.1%) chose both pediatrics and emergency medicine. Sex influences indicated that men preferred pediatrics and emergency medicine (P=0.033 and P=0.0006, respectively), while women preferred family medicine practice (P=0.034).

Conclusion: Saudi medical students and interns at the University of Dammam were influenced mostly by lifestyle when they considered their future specialty. Internal medicine, family medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, and emergency medicine were the preferred specialties.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of specialty preferences among participants.Note: ENT, ear, nose, and throat.
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f1-amep-5-397: Distribution of specialty preferences among participants.Note: ENT, ear, nose, and throat.

Mentions: In this study, the first choice of all participants was the specialty of internal medicine. There was no statistical difference between the sexes and education level of the participants (Figure 1). Factors that influence medical students to choose the specialty of internal medicine have been studied elsewhere; educational experiences, lifestyle, and the nature of patient care in internal medicine practice were the main reasons for choosing that specialty.10 The second choice for female participants was family medicine. Family medicine practice in Saudi Arabia is attractive to females as the working hours are less, and this is explained by the fact that family physicians are underutilized by the general public in Saudi Arabia, which is reflected by a large number of unnecessary emergency department visits of less urgent cases, which could be avoided if a specialized family physician was available for visits regularly. This is not the case in North America, where family practice has long clinical hours and a heavy workload with different public awareness and utilization.


Factors influencing Saudi medical students and interns' choice of future specialty: a self-administered questionnaire.

Alshahrani M, Dhafery B, Al Mulhim M, Alkhadra F, Al Bagshi D, Bukhamsin N - Adv Med Educ Pract (2014)

Distribution of specialty preferences among participants.Note: ENT, ear, nose, and throat.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4216024&req=5

f1-amep-5-397: Distribution of specialty preferences among participants.Note: ENT, ear, nose, and throat.
Mentions: In this study, the first choice of all participants was the specialty of internal medicine. There was no statistical difference between the sexes and education level of the participants (Figure 1). Factors that influence medical students to choose the specialty of internal medicine have been studied elsewhere; educational experiences, lifestyle, and the nature of patient care in internal medicine practice were the main reasons for choosing that specialty.10 The second choice for female participants was family medicine. Family medicine practice in Saudi Arabia is attractive to females as the working hours are less, and this is explained by the fact that family physicians are underutilized by the general public in Saudi Arabia, which is reflected by a large number of unnecessary emergency department visits of less urgent cases, which could be avoided if a specialized family physician was available for visits regularly. This is not the case in North America, where family practice has long clinical hours and a heavy workload with different public awareness and utilization.

Bottom Line: Significantly more medical interns considered lifestyle as an important factor compared to medical students (P=0.020).Sex influences indicated that men preferred pediatrics and emergency medicine (P=0.033 and P=0.0006, respectively), while women preferred family medicine practice (P=0.034).Internal medicine, family medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, and emergency medicine were the preferred specialties.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: King Fahad Hospital of the University, Dammam University, Al Khobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study explores the most influential factors affecting Saudi medical students and interns' choice of specialty at the University of Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed during the period from June 1 to June 14, 2013. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to test the association between participants' choices and the motivational factors that led to their choice of specialty.

Results: One-hundred sixty-eight (44.7%) participants chose lifestyle as their most influential factor for the choice of their specialty. Significantly more medical interns considered lifestyle as an important factor compared to medical students (P=0.020). Internal medicine was the preferred specialty for 56 participants (14.77%) followed by family medicine for 35 participants (9.2%). Thirty-four participants (8.97%) chose general surgery, and 27 participants (7.1%) chose both pediatrics and emergency medicine. Sex influences indicated that men preferred pediatrics and emergency medicine (P=0.033 and P=0.0006, respectively), while women preferred family medicine practice (P=0.034).

Conclusion: Saudi medical students and interns at the University of Dammam were influenced mostly by lifestyle when they considered their future specialty. Internal medicine, family medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, and emergency medicine were the preferred specialties.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus