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The prevalence of malocclusion and oral habits among 5-7-year-old children.

Kasparaviciene K, Sidlauskas A, Zasciurinskiene E, Vasiliauskas A, Juodzbalys G, Sidlauskas M, Marmaite U - Med. Sci. Monit. (2014)

Bottom Line: The vertical and sagittal malrelation of incisors, as well as spacing, were the predominant features.The infantile type of swallowing demonstrated strong association (P=0.001) with anterior open bite.Non-nutritive sucking habits and tongue thrust swallowing are significant risk factors for the development of anterior open bite and posterior crossbite in pre-school children.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Clinic of Orthodontics, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Digit sucking, tongue thrust swallowing, and mouth breathing are potential risk factors for development of malocclusion. The purpose of this study was to verify the prevalence of different occlusal traits among 5-7-year-old children and assess their relationship with oral habits.

Material and methods: The study included 503 pre-school children (260 boys and 243 girls) with a mean age of 5.95 years. Different occlusal traits were verified by intraoral examination. Oral habits were diagnosed using data gathered from clinical examination of occlusion and extra-oral assessment of the face, combined with a questionnaire for parents.

Results: The study demonstrated that 71.4% of the children presented with 1 or more attributes of malocclusion and 16.9% had oral habits. The vertical and sagittal malrelation of incisors, as well as spacing, were the predominant features. This study showed that digit suckers have higher incidence of anterior open bite (P=0.013) and posterior crossbite (P=0.005). The infantile type of swallowing demonstrated strong association (P=0.001) with anterior open bite.

Conclusions: Non-nutritive sucking habits and tongue thrust swallowing are significant risk factors for the development of anterior open bite and posterior crossbite in pre-school children.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Relationship of incisors: OJ (overjet) – sagittal overlap, OB (overbite) – vertical overlap.
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f1-medscimonit-20-2036: Relationship of incisors: OJ (overjet) – sagittal overlap, OB (overbite) – vertical overlap.

Mentions: All clinical examinations were made by the same investigator (KK) in the nursery room of selected kindergartens in natural daylight, using latex gloves, a sterile dental mouth mirror, and an orthodontic ruler. Registration of the occlusal characteristics was carried out according to the principles developed by the Federation Dentaire Internationale [18], consisting of an objective measurement of the occlusal traits. This method has been adapted to the primary dentition and a brief description is outlined below.


The prevalence of malocclusion and oral habits among 5-7-year-old children.

Kasparaviciene K, Sidlauskas A, Zasciurinskiene E, Vasiliauskas A, Juodzbalys G, Sidlauskas M, Marmaite U - Med. Sci. Monit. (2014)

Relationship of incisors: OJ (overjet) – sagittal overlap, OB (overbite) – vertical overlap.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4215577&req=5

f1-medscimonit-20-2036: Relationship of incisors: OJ (overjet) – sagittal overlap, OB (overbite) – vertical overlap.
Mentions: All clinical examinations were made by the same investigator (KK) in the nursery room of selected kindergartens in natural daylight, using latex gloves, a sterile dental mouth mirror, and an orthodontic ruler. Registration of the occlusal characteristics was carried out according to the principles developed by the Federation Dentaire Internationale [18], consisting of an objective measurement of the occlusal traits. This method has been adapted to the primary dentition and a brief description is outlined below.

Bottom Line: The vertical and sagittal malrelation of incisors, as well as spacing, were the predominant features.The infantile type of swallowing demonstrated strong association (P=0.001) with anterior open bite.Non-nutritive sucking habits and tongue thrust swallowing are significant risk factors for the development of anterior open bite and posterior crossbite in pre-school children.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Clinic of Orthodontics, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Digit sucking, tongue thrust swallowing, and mouth breathing are potential risk factors for development of malocclusion. The purpose of this study was to verify the prevalence of different occlusal traits among 5-7-year-old children and assess their relationship with oral habits.

Material and methods: The study included 503 pre-school children (260 boys and 243 girls) with a mean age of 5.95 years. Different occlusal traits were verified by intraoral examination. Oral habits were diagnosed using data gathered from clinical examination of occlusion and extra-oral assessment of the face, combined with a questionnaire for parents.

Results: The study demonstrated that 71.4% of the children presented with 1 or more attributes of malocclusion and 16.9% had oral habits. The vertical and sagittal malrelation of incisors, as well as spacing, were the predominant features. This study showed that digit suckers have higher incidence of anterior open bite (P=0.013) and posterior crossbite (P=0.005). The infantile type of swallowing demonstrated strong association (P=0.001) with anterior open bite.

Conclusions: Non-nutritive sucking habits and tongue thrust swallowing are significant risk factors for the development of anterior open bite and posterior crossbite in pre-school children.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus