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Food hypersensitivity in mexican adults at 18 to 50 years of age: a questionnaire survey.

Bedolla-Barajas M, Bedolla-Pulido TR, Camacho-Peña AS, González-García E, Morales-Romero J - Allergy Asthma Immunol Res (2014)

Bottom Line: The prevalence of FH in adults was 16.7% (95% CI, 14.5% to 18.8%), without statistical significant differences related to gender (women, 17.5% and men, 15.9%) or residential location.Personal history of any atopic disease was significantly associated with FH (P <0.0001).The prevalence of FH is relatively high in Mexican adults, and FH is significantly associated with atopic diseases.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Allergy and Clinical Immunology Service, The "Dr. Juan I. Menchaca" Civil Hospital of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, México.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: There is limited epidemiological evidence of food hypersensitivity (FH) in the adult population. We aimed to determine the prevalence of FH in Mexican adults, their clinical features and to establish common food involved in its appearance.

Methods: We designed a cross-sectional study using a fixed quota sampling; 1,126 subjects answered a structured survey to gather information related to FH.

Results: The prevalence of FH in adults was 16.7% (95% CI, 14.5% to 18.8%), without statistical significant differences related to gender (women, 17.5% and men, 15.9%) or residential location. The most common clinical manifestations in adults with FH were oral allergy syndrome (70 of 1,126) and urticaria (55 of 1,126). According to category, fruits and vegetables were the most frequent foods to trigger FH (6.12%) and were individually related to shrimp (4.0%), and cow milk (1.5%). Adults under age 25 had a higher frequency of FH (OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.91, P <0.001). Personal history of any atopic disease was significantly associated with FH (P <0.0001).

Conclusions: The prevalence of FH is relatively high in Mexican adults, and FH is significantly associated with atopic diseases.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Food frequency most involved with food hypersensitivity in 1,126 subjects.
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Figure 2: Food frequency most involved with food hypersensitivity in 1,126 subjects.

Mentions: FH was mostly associated with fruits and vegetables (6.12%), followed by seafood (4.97%), shrimp (4.0%), milk (1.5%), and fish (1.4%) (Fig. 1 and 2); peanut, walnut, and others were below 1%; kiwi, avocado, and banana showed a prevalence of <0.5%.


Food hypersensitivity in mexican adults at 18 to 50 years of age: a questionnaire survey.

Bedolla-Barajas M, Bedolla-Pulido TR, Camacho-Peña AS, González-García E, Morales-Romero J - Allergy Asthma Immunol Res (2014)

Food frequency most involved with food hypersensitivity in 1,126 subjects.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4214971&req=5

Figure 2: Food frequency most involved with food hypersensitivity in 1,126 subjects.
Mentions: FH was mostly associated with fruits and vegetables (6.12%), followed by seafood (4.97%), shrimp (4.0%), milk (1.5%), and fish (1.4%) (Fig. 1 and 2); peanut, walnut, and others were below 1%; kiwi, avocado, and banana showed a prevalence of <0.5%.

Bottom Line: The prevalence of FH in adults was 16.7% (95% CI, 14.5% to 18.8%), without statistical significant differences related to gender (women, 17.5% and men, 15.9%) or residential location.Personal history of any atopic disease was significantly associated with FH (P <0.0001).The prevalence of FH is relatively high in Mexican adults, and FH is significantly associated with atopic diseases.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Allergy and Clinical Immunology Service, The "Dr. Juan I. Menchaca" Civil Hospital of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, México.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: There is limited epidemiological evidence of food hypersensitivity (FH) in the adult population. We aimed to determine the prevalence of FH in Mexican adults, their clinical features and to establish common food involved in its appearance.

Methods: We designed a cross-sectional study using a fixed quota sampling; 1,126 subjects answered a structured survey to gather information related to FH.

Results: The prevalence of FH in adults was 16.7% (95% CI, 14.5% to 18.8%), without statistical significant differences related to gender (women, 17.5% and men, 15.9%) or residential location. The most common clinical manifestations in adults with FH were oral allergy syndrome (70 of 1,126) and urticaria (55 of 1,126). According to category, fruits and vegetables were the most frequent foods to trigger FH (6.12%) and were individually related to shrimp (4.0%), and cow milk (1.5%). Adults under age 25 had a higher frequency of FH (OR, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.91, P <0.001). Personal history of any atopic disease was significantly associated with FH (P <0.0001).

Conclusions: The prevalence of FH is relatively high in Mexican adults, and FH is significantly associated with atopic diseases.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus