Limits...
Mesoscale model to select the ideal location for new vineyard plantations in the Rioja qualified denomination of origin.

Martínez-Cámara E, Blanco J, Jiménez E, Saenz-Díez JC, Rioja J - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

Bottom Line: This research is focused on two of these factors: temperature and irradiation.The objective of this paper is to be able to recognize these factors, so as to ensure a proper decision criterion when selecting the best location for new vineyard plantations.To achieve this objective, a mesoscale model MM5 is used, and its performance is assessed and compared using different parameters, from the grid resolution to the physical parameterization of the model.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of La Rioja, 26004 Logrono, Spain.

ABSTRACT
La Rioja is the region where the top rated wines from Spain come from and also the origin of one of the most prestigious wines in the world. It is worldwide recognized, not only for the quality of the vine, but also for the many factors involved in the process that are controllable by the farmer, such as fertilizers, irrigation, etc. Likewise, there are other key factors, which cannot be controlled that play, however, a crucial role in the quality of the wine, such as temperature, radiation, humidity, and rainfall. This research is focused on two of these factors: temperature and irradiation. The objective of this paper is to be able to recognize these factors, so as to ensure a proper decision criterion when selecting the best location for new vineyard plantations. To achieve this objective, a mesoscale model MM5 is used, and its performance is assessed and compared using different parameters, from the grid resolution to the physical parameterization of the model. Finally, the study evaluates the impact of the different parameterizations and options for the simulation of meteorological variables particularly relevant when choosing new vineyard sites (rainfall frequency, temperature, and sun exposure).

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

MM5 base-case model domains.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4214118&req=5

fig1: MM5 base-case model domains.

Mentions: The base-case model domains are shown in Figure 1. The MM5 model has been built on a mother domain (D1) with 27 km of spatial resolution and centered on 40°N 4°W. This domain covers the Iberian Peninsula, as well as part in Europe and Africa, with the objective of capturing the synoptic characteristics and circulation patterns of the region. The first nested domain (D2), with a spatial resolution of 9 km, covers the Iberian Peninsula almost completely. The second nested domain (D3), with a spatial resolution of 3 km, covers the autonomous community of La Rioja. Finally, the innermost domain (D4) is centered on the meteorological towers used in the study and is composed of 34 columns and 49 rows of cells of a 1 × 1 km. The three nested domains interact with each other through a strategy of nesting in a single direction. The vertical structure of the model includes 23 layers that cover the entire troposphere according to the sigma levels of 1.00, 0.99, 0.98, 0.96 0.93, 0.89, 0.85, 0.80, 0.75, 0.70, 0.65, 0.60, 0.55, 0.50, 0.45, 0.40, 0.35, 0.30, 0.25, 0.20, 0.15, 0.10, 0.05, and 0.00.


Mesoscale model to select the ideal location for new vineyard plantations in the Rioja qualified denomination of origin.

Martínez-Cámara E, Blanco J, Jiménez E, Saenz-Díez JC, Rioja J - ScientificWorldJournal (2014)

MM5 base-case model domains.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4214118&req=5

fig1: MM5 base-case model domains.
Mentions: The base-case model domains are shown in Figure 1. The MM5 model has been built on a mother domain (D1) with 27 km of spatial resolution and centered on 40°N 4°W. This domain covers the Iberian Peninsula, as well as part in Europe and Africa, with the objective of capturing the synoptic characteristics and circulation patterns of the region. The first nested domain (D2), with a spatial resolution of 9 km, covers the Iberian Peninsula almost completely. The second nested domain (D3), with a spatial resolution of 3 km, covers the autonomous community of La Rioja. Finally, the innermost domain (D4) is centered on the meteorological towers used in the study and is composed of 34 columns and 49 rows of cells of a 1 × 1 km. The three nested domains interact with each other through a strategy of nesting in a single direction. The vertical structure of the model includes 23 layers that cover the entire troposphere according to the sigma levels of 1.00, 0.99, 0.98, 0.96 0.93, 0.89, 0.85, 0.80, 0.75, 0.70, 0.65, 0.60, 0.55, 0.50, 0.45, 0.40, 0.35, 0.30, 0.25, 0.20, 0.15, 0.10, 0.05, and 0.00.

Bottom Line: This research is focused on two of these factors: temperature and irradiation.The objective of this paper is to be able to recognize these factors, so as to ensure a proper decision criterion when selecting the best location for new vineyard plantations.To achieve this objective, a mesoscale model MM5 is used, and its performance is assessed and compared using different parameters, from the grid resolution to the physical parameterization of the model.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of La Rioja, 26004 Logrono, Spain.

ABSTRACT
La Rioja is the region where the top rated wines from Spain come from and also the origin of one of the most prestigious wines in the world. It is worldwide recognized, not only for the quality of the vine, but also for the many factors involved in the process that are controllable by the farmer, such as fertilizers, irrigation, etc. Likewise, there are other key factors, which cannot be controlled that play, however, a crucial role in the quality of the wine, such as temperature, radiation, humidity, and rainfall. This research is focused on two of these factors: temperature and irradiation. The objective of this paper is to be able to recognize these factors, so as to ensure a proper decision criterion when selecting the best location for new vineyard plantations. To achieve this objective, a mesoscale model MM5 is used, and its performance is assessed and compared using different parameters, from the grid resolution to the physical parameterization of the model. Finally, the study evaluates the impact of the different parameterizations and options for the simulation of meteorological variables particularly relevant when choosing new vineyard sites (rainfall frequency, temperature, and sun exposure).

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus