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Study and characterization of porous copper oxide produced by electrochemical anodization for radiometric heat absorber.

Ben Salem S, Achour ZB, Thamri K, Touayar O - Nanoscale Res Lett (2014)

Bottom Line: Using the 'mirage effect' technique, the obtained Cu2O diffusivity and thermal conductivity are respectively equal to (11.5 ± 0.5) 10 to 7 m(2) s(-1) and (370 ± 20) Wm(-1) K(-1).The results of the optical and thermal studies dictate the choice of the cavity design.So the absorption of the surface becomes closely near 0.999999.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Research Laboratory Materials, Measurement and Applications, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées et de Technologie, INSAT, BP676, 1080 Tunis Cedex, Tunisia.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this work is to optimize the different parameters for realization of an absorbing cavity to measure the incident absolute laser energy. Electrochemical oxidation is the background process that allowed the copper blackening. A study of the blackened surface quality was undertaken using atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis and ultraviolet-visible-infrared spectrophotometry using a Shimadzu spectrophotometer. A two-dimensional and three-dimensional visualization by AFM of the formed oxide coating showed that the copper surfaces became porous after electrochemical etching with different roughness. This aspect is becoming more and more important with decreasing current density anodization. In a 2 mol L(-1) of NaOH solution, at a temperature of 90°C, and using a 16 mA cm(2) constant density current, the copper oxide formed has a reflectivity of around 3% in the spectral range between 300 and 1,800 nm. Using the 'mirage effect' technique, the obtained Cu2O diffusivity and thermal conductivity are respectively equal to (11.5 ± 0.5) 10 to 7 m(2) s(-1) and (370 ± 20) Wm(-1) K(-1). This allows us to consider that our Cu2O coating is a good thermal conductor. The results of the optical and thermal studies dictate the choice of the cavity design. The absorbing cavity is a hollow cylinder machined to its base at an angle of 30°. If the included angle of the plane is 30° and the interior surface gives specular reflection, an incoming ray parallel to the axis will undergo five reflections before exit. So the absorption of the surface becomes closely near 0.999999.

No MeSH data available.


Cyclic voltammograms obtained on copper samples of different surfaces S. B1 {S =2 cm2}, B2 {S =4 cm2}, B3 {S =8 cm2}, B4 {S =16 cm2}, B5 {S =22 cm2}, B6 {S =36 cm2}, B7 {S =88 cm2}, in 2 mol L-1 NaOH solution with a slew rate =20 mV s-1.
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Figure 2: Cyclic voltammograms obtained on copper samples of different surfaces S. B1 {S =2 cm2}, B2 {S =4 cm2}, B3 {S =8 cm2}, B4 {S =16 cm2}, B5 {S =22 cm2}, B6 {S =36 cm2}, B7 {S =88 cm2}, in 2 mol L-1 NaOH solution with a slew rate =20 mV s-1.

Mentions: We first studied the influence of the sample size on the oxidation peaks. In Table 1, we give the different dimensions of the samples studied. In Figure 2, we represent the oxidation process behavior, depending on the current and potential for different studied surfaces.From Figure 2, we notice that oxidation curves have the same behavior of the current density recorded for a period of tension imposed on the samples. We also remark that the interval of the oxidation potential is increasingly important for large areas.Besides this result, we can prove through Figure 2 that the oxidation is a surface phenomenon (specially oxidation curves of {C1, B2} and {C2, B3} samples). We can see that the amplitude of the oxidation current is insensitive to the variation of the sample thickness. Another important result found from this study is that the geometric shape of the sample affects the range of current and voltages oxidation.


Study and characterization of porous copper oxide produced by electrochemical anodization for radiometric heat absorber.

Ben Salem S, Achour ZB, Thamri K, Touayar O - Nanoscale Res Lett (2014)

Cyclic voltammograms obtained on copper samples of different surfaces S. B1 {S =2 cm2}, B2 {S =4 cm2}, B3 {S =8 cm2}, B4 {S =16 cm2}, B5 {S =22 cm2}, B6 {S =36 cm2}, B7 {S =88 cm2}, in 2 mol L-1 NaOH solution with a slew rate =20 mV s-1.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4209770&req=5

Figure 2: Cyclic voltammograms obtained on copper samples of different surfaces S. B1 {S =2 cm2}, B2 {S =4 cm2}, B3 {S =8 cm2}, B4 {S =16 cm2}, B5 {S =22 cm2}, B6 {S =36 cm2}, B7 {S =88 cm2}, in 2 mol L-1 NaOH solution with a slew rate =20 mV s-1.
Mentions: We first studied the influence of the sample size on the oxidation peaks. In Table 1, we give the different dimensions of the samples studied. In Figure 2, we represent the oxidation process behavior, depending on the current and potential for different studied surfaces.From Figure 2, we notice that oxidation curves have the same behavior of the current density recorded for a period of tension imposed on the samples. We also remark that the interval of the oxidation potential is increasingly important for large areas.Besides this result, we can prove through Figure 2 that the oxidation is a surface phenomenon (specially oxidation curves of {C1, B2} and {C2, B3} samples). We can see that the amplitude of the oxidation current is insensitive to the variation of the sample thickness. Another important result found from this study is that the geometric shape of the sample affects the range of current and voltages oxidation.

Bottom Line: Using the 'mirage effect' technique, the obtained Cu2O diffusivity and thermal conductivity are respectively equal to (11.5 ± 0.5) 10 to 7 m(2) s(-1) and (370 ± 20) Wm(-1) K(-1).The results of the optical and thermal studies dictate the choice of the cavity design.So the absorption of the surface becomes closely near 0.999999.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Research Laboratory Materials, Measurement and Applications, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées et de Technologie, INSAT, BP676, 1080 Tunis Cedex, Tunisia.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this work is to optimize the different parameters for realization of an absorbing cavity to measure the incident absolute laser energy. Electrochemical oxidation is the background process that allowed the copper blackening. A study of the blackened surface quality was undertaken using atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis and ultraviolet-visible-infrared spectrophotometry using a Shimadzu spectrophotometer. A two-dimensional and three-dimensional visualization by AFM of the formed oxide coating showed that the copper surfaces became porous after electrochemical etching with different roughness. This aspect is becoming more and more important with decreasing current density anodization. In a 2 mol L(-1) of NaOH solution, at a temperature of 90°C, and using a 16 mA cm(2) constant density current, the copper oxide formed has a reflectivity of around 3% in the spectral range between 300 and 1,800 nm. Using the 'mirage effect' technique, the obtained Cu2O diffusivity and thermal conductivity are respectively equal to (11.5 ± 0.5) 10 to 7 m(2) s(-1) and (370 ± 20) Wm(-1) K(-1). This allows us to consider that our Cu2O coating is a good thermal conductor. The results of the optical and thermal studies dictate the choice of the cavity design. The absorbing cavity is a hollow cylinder machined to its base at an angle of 30°. If the included angle of the plane is 30° and the interior surface gives specular reflection, an incoming ray parallel to the axis will undergo five reflections before exit. So the absorption of the surface becomes closely near 0.999999.

No MeSH data available.