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Effect of end-stage renal disease on oral health in patients undergoing renal dialysis: A cross-sectional study.

Gautam NR, Gautam NS, Rao TH, Koganti R, Agarwal R, Alamanda M - J Int Soc Prev Community Dent (2014)

Bottom Line: Higher incidence of hepatitis C was significantly associated with higher duration of dialysis.There was very little awareness among the nursing staff regarding dental care.Awareness must be increased among dialysis patients and nursing staff about the need for primary prevention of dental diseases.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhilai, Chattisgarh, India.

ABSTRACT

Aims and objectives: To evaluate the effect of chronic renal failure on oral health in renal dialysis patients. To assess and improvise awareness of staff regarding oral health care of the patients in hemodialysis unit.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey and oral health examination study were conducted on 206 end-stage chronic renal failure patients (stage V) who were undergoing renal dialysis in Guntur city. The study included the questionnaire form and modified WHO proforma to record their oral health status. Oral examination was done in American Dental Association (ADA) type III method by using mouth mirror and community periodontal index (CPI) probe. Questionnaire survey was conducted among the nursing staff in the hemodialysis unit.

Results: Mean age of the study subjects was 46.79 ± 12.78 years; 81.1% were males and 18.9% were females. Candidiasis (8.3%) was the most frequently seen oral mucosal condition in these subjects. Majority of the subjects (44.2%) showed periodontal diseases (CPI score 3: Pocket depth of 4-5 mm). Caries prevalence of 56.3% was seen in this study group. Higher incidence of hepatitis C was significantly associated with higher duration of dialysis. There was very little awareness among the nursing staff regarding dental care.

Conclusion: There is greater deterioration of periodontal health among dialysis patients with chronic renal disease. Awareness regarding dental care is very less among patients undergoing renal dialysis. These patients should be monitored carefully to maintain their oral health. Awareness must be increased among dialysis patients and nursing staff about the need for primary prevention of dental diseases.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Questionnaire to evaluate knowledge and attitude of nursing staff
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4209615&req=5

Figure 1: Questionnaire to evaluate knowledge and attitude of nursing staff

Mentions: Questionnaire survey was done on 21 nursing staff. Awareness regarding oral hygiene and primary prevention was tested by a questionnaire which consisted of questions regarding oral hygiene knowledge, attitude, and practices [Figure 1].


Effect of end-stage renal disease on oral health in patients undergoing renal dialysis: A cross-sectional study.

Gautam NR, Gautam NS, Rao TH, Koganti R, Agarwal R, Alamanda M - J Int Soc Prev Community Dent (2014)

Questionnaire to evaluate knowledge and attitude of nursing staff
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4209615&req=5

Figure 1: Questionnaire to evaluate knowledge and attitude of nursing staff
Mentions: Questionnaire survey was done on 21 nursing staff. Awareness regarding oral hygiene and primary prevention was tested by a questionnaire which consisted of questions regarding oral hygiene knowledge, attitude, and practices [Figure 1].

Bottom Line: Higher incidence of hepatitis C was significantly associated with higher duration of dialysis.There was very little awareness among the nursing staff regarding dental care.Awareness must be increased among dialysis patients and nursing staff about the need for primary prevention of dental diseases.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhilai, Chattisgarh, India.

ABSTRACT

Aims and objectives: To evaluate the effect of chronic renal failure on oral health in renal dialysis patients. To assess and improvise awareness of staff regarding oral health care of the patients in hemodialysis unit.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey and oral health examination study were conducted on 206 end-stage chronic renal failure patients (stage V) who were undergoing renal dialysis in Guntur city. The study included the questionnaire form and modified WHO proforma to record their oral health status. Oral examination was done in American Dental Association (ADA) type III method by using mouth mirror and community periodontal index (CPI) probe. Questionnaire survey was conducted among the nursing staff in the hemodialysis unit.

Results: Mean age of the study subjects was 46.79 ± 12.78 years; 81.1% were males and 18.9% were females. Candidiasis (8.3%) was the most frequently seen oral mucosal condition in these subjects. Majority of the subjects (44.2%) showed periodontal diseases (CPI score 3: Pocket depth of 4-5 mm). Caries prevalence of 56.3% was seen in this study group. Higher incidence of hepatitis C was significantly associated with higher duration of dialysis. There was very little awareness among the nursing staff regarding dental care.

Conclusion: There is greater deterioration of periodontal health among dialysis patients with chronic renal disease. Awareness regarding dental care is very less among patients undergoing renal dialysis. These patients should be monitored carefully to maintain their oral health. Awareness must be increased among dialysis patients and nursing staff about the need for primary prevention of dental diseases.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus