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Nutritional State of Children in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK): Based on the DPRK Final Report of the National Nutrition Survey 2012.

Kim JE - Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr (2014)

Bottom Line: In particular, the prevalence in Ryangangdo, which is regarded as the worst region in the DPRK, is 39.6%, which is a very high level of stunting.To alleviate such regional deviation will be a major task for future assistance.In addition, one cannot emphasize too highly the importance of early nutritional assistance for pregnant women and infants, considering that the recovery from stunted growth is low after two years of age, and the aftereffects would continue for the rest of their lives.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Shincheon Union Hospital, Siheung, Korea.

ABSTRACT
A nationwide nutrition survey began when the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) requested assistance from international relief organizations in 1997 due to flooding in 1995-1996, followed by the worsening food shortage peak in 1997. According to reported data for the 15 years since the active intervention and assistance from international societies, the malnutrition and mortality rates of children in the DPRK have improved. However, the prevalence of the stunting reported in the latest 2012 report is 27.9%, which is still a moderate-severe level, and worrisome in terms of international standards. In particular, the prevalence in Ryangangdo, which is regarded as the worst region in the DPRK, is 39.6%, which is a very high level of stunting. To alleviate such regional deviation will be a major task for future assistance. In addition, one cannot emphasize too highly the importance of early nutritional assistance for pregnant women and infants, considering that the recovery from stunted growth is low after two years of age, and the aftereffects would continue for the rest of their lives.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Child Mortality Trend in Democratic People's Republic of Korea 1990-2011. IMR: infant mortality rate.
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Figure 5: Child Mortality Trend in Democratic People's Republic of Korea 1990-2011. IMR: infant mortality rate.

Mentions: Children mortality under five has decreased. However, 11,406 children (31 children daily) still die before they reach their fifth birthday according to the State of the World's Children (SOWC) report in 2010. Approximately 6,000 children (16 children daily) die before they reach 28 days of age. Furthermore, approximately 289 women (five per week) die due to childbirth and related complications (Fig. 5) [8].


Nutritional State of Children in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK): Based on the DPRK Final Report of the National Nutrition Survey 2012.

Kim JE - Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr (2014)

Child Mortality Trend in Democratic People's Republic of Korea 1990-2011. IMR: infant mortality rate.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4209317&req=5

Figure 5: Child Mortality Trend in Democratic People's Republic of Korea 1990-2011. IMR: infant mortality rate.
Mentions: Children mortality under five has decreased. However, 11,406 children (31 children daily) still die before they reach their fifth birthday according to the State of the World's Children (SOWC) report in 2010. Approximately 6,000 children (16 children daily) die before they reach 28 days of age. Furthermore, approximately 289 women (five per week) die due to childbirth and related complications (Fig. 5) [8].

Bottom Line: In particular, the prevalence in Ryangangdo, which is regarded as the worst region in the DPRK, is 39.6%, which is a very high level of stunting.To alleviate such regional deviation will be a major task for future assistance.In addition, one cannot emphasize too highly the importance of early nutritional assistance for pregnant women and infants, considering that the recovery from stunted growth is low after two years of age, and the aftereffects would continue for the rest of their lives.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, Shincheon Union Hospital, Siheung, Korea.

ABSTRACT
A nationwide nutrition survey began when the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) requested assistance from international relief organizations in 1997 due to flooding in 1995-1996, followed by the worsening food shortage peak in 1997. According to reported data for the 15 years since the active intervention and assistance from international societies, the malnutrition and mortality rates of children in the DPRK have improved. However, the prevalence of the stunting reported in the latest 2012 report is 27.9%, which is still a moderate-severe level, and worrisome in terms of international standards. In particular, the prevalence in Ryangangdo, which is regarded as the worst region in the DPRK, is 39.6%, which is a very high level of stunting. To alleviate such regional deviation will be a major task for future assistance. In addition, one cannot emphasize too highly the importance of early nutritional assistance for pregnant women and infants, considering that the recovery from stunted growth is low after two years of age, and the aftereffects would continue for the rest of their lives.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus