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Do I have my attention? Speed of processing advantages for the self-face are not driven by automatic attention capture.

Keyes H, Dlugokencka A - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: The presence of the self-face did not cause more distraction in the naming task compared to other types of face, either when presented inside (Experiment 1) or outside (Experiment 2) the focus of attention.We interpret this as a "social importance" effect, whereby we may be tuned to pick out and pay attention to familiar friend faces in a crowd.We conclude that any speed of processing advantages observed in the self-face processing literature are not driven by automatic attention capture.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

ABSTRACT
We respond more quickly to our own face than to other faces, but there is debate over whether this is connected to attention-grabbing properties of the self-face. In two experiments, we investigate whether the self-face selectively captures attention, and the attentional conditions under which this might occur. In both experiments, we examined whether different types of face (self, friend, stranger) provide differential levels of distraction when processing self, friend and stranger names. In Experiment 1, an image of a distractor face appeared centrally - inside the focus of attention - behind a target name, with the faces either upright or inverted. In Experiment 2, distractor faces appeared peripherally - outside the focus of attention - in the left or right visual field, or bilaterally. In both experiments, self-name recognition was faster than other name recognition, suggesting a self-referential processing advantage. The presence of the self-face did not cause more distraction in the naming task compared to other types of face, either when presented inside (Experiment 1) or outside (Experiment 2) the focus of attention. Distractor faces had different effects across the two experiments: when presented inside the focus of attention (Experiment 1), self and friend images facilitated self and friend naming, respectively. This was not true for stranger stimuli, suggesting that faces must be robustly represented to facilitate name recognition. When presented outside the focus of attention (Experiment 2), no facilitation occurred. Instead, we report an interesting distraction effect caused by friend faces when processing strangers' names. We interpret this as a "social importance" effect, whereby we may be tuned to pick out and pay attention to familiar friend faces in a crowd. We conclude that any speed of processing advantages observed in the self-face processing literature are not driven by automatic attention capture.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Influence of peripherally presented task-irrelevant distractor faces on speed of name recognition.Mean response times to recognise the self-name, a friend’s name and a stranger’s name in the peripherally presented presence of the self-face (red line), a friend’s face (blue line) and a stranger’s face (green line).
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pone-0110792-g006: Influence of peripherally presented task-irrelevant distractor faces on speed of name recognition.Mean response times to recognise the self-name, a friend’s name and a stranger’s name in the peripherally presented presence of the self-face (red line), a friend’s face (blue line) and a stranger’s face (green line).

Mentions: There was no main effect of Distractor Face, F(2,74) = 1.71, ns., ηp2 = .044, but this effect is qualified by a significant interaction between Distractor Face and Target Name, F(4,148) = 3.95, p<.005, ηp2 = .096. Follow-up tests show that type of Distractor Face did not have any effect when responding to the self-name or a friend’s name, but when responding to a stranger’s name the presence of a friend’s face significantly increased RT relative to both the stranger’s face, t(37) = 3.12, p<.017, d = .175, and the self-face, t(37) = 2.71, p<.017, d = .135, suggesting that a peripherally presented friend’s face causes more distraction when processing a stranger’s name than either the self-face or a stranger’s face. There was no difference in effect when responding to a stranger’s name in the presence of the self-face or stranger’s face, t(37) = 1.06, ns, d = .044. Alpha is Bonferroni corrected to.017 for three comparisons. See Figure 6 for illustration of the interaction effects.


Do I have my attention? Speed of processing advantages for the self-face are not driven by automatic attention capture.

Keyes H, Dlugokencka A - PLoS ONE (2014)

Influence of peripherally presented task-irrelevant distractor faces on speed of name recognition.Mean response times to recognise the self-name, a friend’s name and a stranger’s name in the peripherally presented presence of the self-face (red line), a friend’s face (blue line) and a stranger’s face (green line).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206440&req=5

pone-0110792-g006: Influence of peripherally presented task-irrelevant distractor faces on speed of name recognition.Mean response times to recognise the self-name, a friend’s name and a stranger’s name in the peripherally presented presence of the self-face (red line), a friend’s face (blue line) and a stranger’s face (green line).
Mentions: There was no main effect of Distractor Face, F(2,74) = 1.71, ns., ηp2 = .044, but this effect is qualified by a significant interaction between Distractor Face and Target Name, F(4,148) = 3.95, p<.005, ηp2 = .096. Follow-up tests show that type of Distractor Face did not have any effect when responding to the self-name or a friend’s name, but when responding to a stranger’s name the presence of a friend’s face significantly increased RT relative to both the stranger’s face, t(37) = 3.12, p<.017, d = .175, and the self-face, t(37) = 2.71, p<.017, d = .135, suggesting that a peripherally presented friend’s face causes more distraction when processing a stranger’s name than either the self-face or a stranger’s face. There was no difference in effect when responding to a stranger’s name in the presence of the self-face or stranger’s face, t(37) = 1.06, ns, d = .044. Alpha is Bonferroni corrected to.017 for three comparisons. See Figure 6 for illustration of the interaction effects.

Bottom Line: The presence of the self-face did not cause more distraction in the naming task compared to other types of face, either when presented inside (Experiment 1) or outside (Experiment 2) the focus of attention.We interpret this as a "social importance" effect, whereby we may be tuned to pick out and pay attention to familiar friend faces in a crowd.We conclude that any speed of processing advantages observed in the self-face processing literature are not driven by automatic attention capture.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

ABSTRACT
We respond more quickly to our own face than to other faces, but there is debate over whether this is connected to attention-grabbing properties of the self-face. In two experiments, we investigate whether the self-face selectively captures attention, and the attentional conditions under which this might occur. In both experiments, we examined whether different types of face (self, friend, stranger) provide differential levels of distraction when processing self, friend and stranger names. In Experiment 1, an image of a distractor face appeared centrally - inside the focus of attention - behind a target name, with the faces either upright or inverted. In Experiment 2, distractor faces appeared peripherally - outside the focus of attention - in the left or right visual field, or bilaterally. In both experiments, self-name recognition was faster than other name recognition, suggesting a self-referential processing advantage. The presence of the self-face did not cause more distraction in the naming task compared to other types of face, either when presented inside (Experiment 1) or outside (Experiment 2) the focus of attention. Distractor faces had different effects across the two experiments: when presented inside the focus of attention (Experiment 1), self and friend images facilitated self and friend naming, respectively. This was not true for stranger stimuli, suggesting that faces must be robustly represented to facilitate name recognition. When presented outside the focus of attention (Experiment 2), no facilitation occurred. Instead, we report an interesting distraction effect caused by friend faces when processing strangers' names. We interpret this as a "social importance" effect, whereby we may be tuned to pick out and pay attention to familiar friend faces in a crowd. We conclude that any speed of processing advantages observed in the self-face processing literature are not driven by automatic attention capture.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus