Limits...
Do I have my attention? Speed of processing advantages for the self-face are not driven by automatic attention capture.

Keyes H, Dlugokencka A - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: The presence of the self-face did not cause more distraction in the naming task compared to other types of face, either when presented inside (Experiment 1) or outside (Experiment 2) the focus of attention.We interpret this as a "social importance" effect, whereby we may be tuned to pick out and pay attention to familiar friend faces in a crowd.We conclude that any speed of processing advantages observed in the self-face processing literature are not driven by automatic attention capture.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

ABSTRACT
We respond more quickly to our own face than to other faces, but there is debate over whether this is connected to attention-grabbing properties of the self-face. In two experiments, we investigate whether the self-face selectively captures attention, and the attentional conditions under which this might occur. In both experiments, we examined whether different types of face (self, friend, stranger) provide differential levels of distraction when processing self, friend and stranger names. In Experiment 1, an image of a distractor face appeared centrally - inside the focus of attention - behind a target name, with the faces either upright or inverted. In Experiment 2, distractor faces appeared peripherally - outside the focus of attention - in the left or right visual field, or bilaterally. In both experiments, self-name recognition was faster than other name recognition, suggesting a self-referential processing advantage. The presence of the self-face did not cause more distraction in the naming task compared to other types of face, either when presented inside (Experiment 1) or outside (Experiment 2) the focus of attention. Distractor faces had different effects across the two experiments: when presented inside the focus of attention (Experiment 1), self and friend images facilitated self and friend naming, respectively. This was not true for stranger stimuli, suggesting that faces must be robustly represented to facilitate name recognition. When presented outside the focus of attention (Experiment 2), no facilitation occurred. Instead, we report an interesting distraction effect caused by friend faces when processing strangers' names. We interpret this as a "social importance" effect, whereby we may be tuned to pick out and pay attention to familiar friend faces in a crowd. We conclude that any speed of processing advantages observed in the self-face processing literature are not driven by automatic attention capture.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Example of a bilateral stimulus from Experiment 2.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206440&req=5

pone-0110792-g004: Example of a bilateral stimulus from Experiment 2.

Mentions: Photographs of participants were collected and edited in a similar manner to Experiment 1. After conversion to greyscale and applying an oval vignette to each face image (370×460 pixels), a set of stimuli were created for each participant comprising images of their own face (mirror-reversed), a friend’s face and a stranger’s face. These faces were presented to the left (LVF), right (RVF) or both (bilaterally) of a centrally presented name. This name was their own name, their friend’s name or the stranger’s name, and was placed in an identical position (225 pixels from the bottom of the image) for each stimulus (see Figure 4; the individual pictured here has given written informed consent for the use of this image). Where images of faces were presented bilaterally, the faces were always identical. Images subtended a viewing angle of 7.76 by 9.80, and the centre of each image was 9.32 degrees to the left or right of the centre of the screen when viewed from a distance of 70 cm. This viewing distance was maintained by the use of a chinrest. To ensure that the face images were presented to each hemisphere (or both) in a controlled manner, the researcher monitored participants’ eye movements in real time using a webcam to check that their gaze remained on the centre of the screen at all times.


Do I have my attention? Speed of processing advantages for the self-face are not driven by automatic attention capture.

Keyes H, Dlugokencka A - PLoS ONE (2014)

Example of a bilateral stimulus from Experiment 2.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206440&req=5

pone-0110792-g004: Example of a bilateral stimulus from Experiment 2.
Mentions: Photographs of participants were collected and edited in a similar manner to Experiment 1. After conversion to greyscale and applying an oval vignette to each face image (370×460 pixels), a set of stimuli were created for each participant comprising images of their own face (mirror-reversed), a friend’s face and a stranger’s face. These faces were presented to the left (LVF), right (RVF) or both (bilaterally) of a centrally presented name. This name was their own name, their friend’s name or the stranger’s name, and was placed in an identical position (225 pixels from the bottom of the image) for each stimulus (see Figure 4; the individual pictured here has given written informed consent for the use of this image). Where images of faces were presented bilaterally, the faces were always identical. Images subtended a viewing angle of 7.76 by 9.80, and the centre of each image was 9.32 degrees to the left or right of the centre of the screen when viewed from a distance of 70 cm. This viewing distance was maintained by the use of a chinrest. To ensure that the face images were presented to each hemisphere (or both) in a controlled manner, the researcher monitored participants’ eye movements in real time using a webcam to check that their gaze remained on the centre of the screen at all times.

Bottom Line: The presence of the self-face did not cause more distraction in the naming task compared to other types of face, either when presented inside (Experiment 1) or outside (Experiment 2) the focus of attention.We interpret this as a "social importance" effect, whereby we may be tuned to pick out and pay attention to familiar friend faces in a crowd.We conclude that any speed of processing advantages observed in the self-face processing literature are not driven by automatic attention capture.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

ABSTRACT
We respond more quickly to our own face than to other faces, but there is debate over whether this is connected to attention-grabbing properties of the self-face. In two experiments, we investigate whether the self-face selectively captures attention, and the attentional conditions under which this might occur. In both experiments, we examined whether different types of face (self, friend, stranger) provide differential levels of distraction when processing self, friend and stranger names. In Experiment 1, an image of a distractor face appeared centrally - inside the focus of attention - behind a target name, with the faces either upright or inverted. In Experiment 2, distractor faces appeared peripherally - outside the focus of attention - in the left or right visual field, or bilaterally. In both experiments, self-name recognition was faster than other name recognition, suggesting a self-referential processing advantage. The presence of the self-face did not cause more distraction in the naming task compared to other types of face, either when presented inside (Experiment 1) or outside (Experiment 2) the focus of attention. Distractor faces had different effects across the two experiments: when presented inside the focus of attention (Experiment 1), self and friend images facilitated self and friend naming, respectively. This was not true for stranger stimuli, suggesting that faces must be robustly represented to facilitate name recognition. When presented outside the focus of attention (Experiment 2), no facilitation occurred. Instead, we report an interesting distraction effect caused by friend faces when processing strangers' names. We interpret this as a "social importance" effect, whereby we may be tuned to pick out and pay attention to familiar friend faces in a crowd. We conclude that any speed of processing advantages observed in the self-face processing literature are not driven by automatic attention capture.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus