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Uncertainties in ecosystem service maps: a comparison on the European scale.

Schulp CJ, Burkhard B, Maes J, Van Vliet J, Verburg PH - PLoS ONE (2014)

Bottom Line: Safeguarding the benefits that ecosystems provide to society is increasingly included as a target in international policies.Consequently, there are, so far, no accurate measures for ecosystem service map quality.The results illustrate the need for better process understanding and data acquisition to advance ecosystem service mapping, modelling and validation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

ABSTRACT
Safeguarding the benefits that ecosystems provide to society is increasingly included as a target in international policies. To support such policies, ecosystem service maps are made. However, there is little attention for the accuracy of these maps. We made a systematic review and quantitative comparison of ecosystem service maps on the European scale to generate insights in the uncertainty of ecosystem service maps and discuss the possibilities for quantitative validation. Maps of climate regulation and recreation were reasonably similar while large uncertainties among maps of erosion protection and flood regulation were observed. Pollination maps had a moderate similarity. Differences among the maps were caused by differences in indicator definition, level of process understanding, mapping aim, data sources and methodology. Absence of suitable observed data on ecosystem services provisioning hampers independent validation of the maps. Consequently, there are, so far, no accurate measures for ecosystem service map quality. Policy makers and other users need to be cautious when applying ecosystem service maps for decision-making. The results illustrate the need for better process understanding and data acquisition to advance ecosystem service mapping, modelling and validation.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Study area location (left) and regional subdivision and country names as referred to in the results (right).U.K. = United Kingdom, NL = Netherlands, LC = Luxembourg.
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pone-0109643-g001: Study area location (left) and regional subdivision and country names as referred to in the results (right).U.K. = United Kingdom, NL = Netherlands, LC = Luxembourg.

Mentions: To provide insight in the uncertainty in ecosystem service maps, we made an inventory of ES maps that cover the EU extent (Figure 1). For five ES (climate regulation, flood regulation, erosion protection, pollination, and recreation), we identified a wide range of existing maps representing a variety of sources and approaches. For other ES insufficient different maps were available to be included in the analysis.


Uncertainties in ecosystem service maps: a comparison on the European scale.

Schulp CJ, Burkhard B, Maes J, Van Vliet J, Verburg PH - PLoS ONE (2014)

Study area location (left) and regional subdivision and country names as referred to in the results (right).U.K. = United Kingdom, NL = Netherlands, LC = Luxembourg.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206275&req=5

pone-0109643-g001: Study area location (left) and regional subdivision and country names as referred to in the results (right).U.K. = United Kingdom, NL = Netherlands, LC = Luxembourg.
Mentions: To provide insight in the uncertainty in ecosystem service maps, we made an inventory of ES maps that cover the EU extent (Figure 1). For five ES (climate regulation, flood regulation, erosion protection, pollination, and recreation), we identified a wide range of existing maps representing a variety of sources and approaches. For other ES insufficient different maps were available to be included in the analysis.

Bottom Line: Safeguarding the benefits that ecosystems provide to society is increasingly included as a target in international policies.Consequently, there are, so far, no accurate measures for ecosystem service map quality.The results illustrate the need for better process understanding and data acquisition to advance ecosystem service mapping, modelling and validation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

ABSTRACT
Safeguarding the benefits that ecosystems provide to society is increasingly included as a target in international policies. To support such policies, ecosystem service maps are made. However, there is little attention for the accuracy of these maps. We made a systematic review and quantitative comparison of ecosystem service maps on the European scale to generate insights in the uncertainty of ecosystem service maps and discuss the possibilities for quantitative validation. Maps of climate regulation and recreation were reasonably similar while large uncertainties among maps of erosion protection and flood regulation were observed. Pollination maps had a moderate similarity. Differences among the maps were caused by differences in indicator definition, level of process understanding, mapping aim, data sources and methodology. Absence of suitable observed data on ecosystem services provisioning hampers independent validation of the maps. Consequently, there are, so far, no accurate measures for ecosystem service map quality. Policy makers and other users need to be cautious when applying ecosystem service maps for decision-making. The results illustrate the need for better process understanding and data acquisition to advance ecosystem service mapping, modelling and validation.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus