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Assessing the mobility of the mandibular condyle by sonography.

Chen HY, Wu SK, Lu CC, You JY, Lai CL - Patient Prefer Adherence (2014)

Bottom Line: To confirm that the probe did not move during mouth opening, a marker was placed between the skin and the ultrasonic probe as the landmark.The results demonstrated that the intrarater and interrater reliabilities in the within-image test were 0.986 and 0.970 and the reliabilities in the between-image test were 0.904 and 0.857, respectively.The standard errors of measurement in the within-image and between-image tests were 0.04 cm and 0.09 cm, respectively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physical Therapy, Hungkuang University, Taichung, Taiwan.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Traditionally, the measurement of the maximal mouth opening was regarded as the mobility of the temporomandibular joint. The information, however, was not reliable. Sonography was often used to diagnose disc displacement in the temporomandibular joint and its validity was well established. The tool was also appropriate for measuring the outcome of temporomandibular disorders management. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine completely the reliability and error for evaluating the mobility of the mandibular condyle by sonography. In addition, the existing methods were modified to improve the repeatability.

Patients and methods: The reliability examinations included between-image and within-image explorations to represent the reliabilities of the image capturing and the mobility measuring, respectively. Sixty-two subjects were recruited to receive ultrasonic examination for condylar mobility. The images of the condyle in mouth closing and opening were captured and the horizontal displacement of the condyles was measured as the anterior translation of the condyle. To confirm that the probe did not move during mouth opening, a marker was placed between the skin and the ultrasonic probe as the landmark.

Results: The results demonstrated that the intrarater and interrater reliabilities in the within-image test were 0.986 and 0.970 and the reliabilities in the between-image test were 0.904 and 0.857, respectively. The standard errors of measurement in the within-image and between-image tests were 0.04 cm and 0.09 cm, respectively.

Conclusion: Sonography is a reliable tool to assess condylar mobility and can be used to measure the treatment outcome for temporomandibular disorders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

The location of the mandibular condyle at mouth closing is shown in the upper image and at mouth opening is shown in the lower image. These two images were lined up with the shadow of the marker X. Two vertical lines were drawn through the centers of the condyles on these two images. The distance between the two vertical lines indicated the horizontal displacement of the condyle from mouth closing to mouth opening.
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f1-ppa-8-1419: The location of the mandibular condyle at mouth closing is shown in the upper image and at mouth opening is shown in the lower image. These two images were lined up with the shadow of the marker X. Two vertical lines were drawn through the centers of the condyles on these two images. The distance between the two vertical lines indicated the horizontal displacement of the condyle from mouth closing to mouth opening.

Mentions: The software CorelDRAW X5 was used to process all the images. The mouth-closed image was put above the mouth-opened image and lined up with the shadow of the marker X. Two separate vertical lines were drawn through the centers of the condyles on these two images. The horizontal distance of these two vertical lines was measured and converted to the actual value in proportion to the scale and regarded as the anterior translation of the mandibular condyle during mouth opening (Figure 1).


Assessing the mobility of the mandibular condyle by sonography.

Chen HY, Wu SK, Lu CC, You JY, Lai CL - Patient Prefer Adherence (2014)

The location of the mandibular condyle at mouth closing is shown in the upper image and at mouth opening is shown in the lower image. These two images were lined up with the shadow of the marker X. Two vertical lines were drawn through the centers of the condyles on these two images. The distance between the two vertical lines indicated the horizontal displacement of the condyle from mouth closing to mouth opening.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206250&req=5

f1-ppa-8-1419: The location of the mandibular condyle at mouth closing is shown in the upper image and at mouth opening is shown in the lower image. These two images were lined up with the shadow of the marker X. Two vertical lines were drawn through the centers of the condyles on these two images. The distance between the two vertical lines indicated the horizontal displacement of the condyle from mouth closing to mouth opening.
Mentions: The software CorelDRAW X5 was used to process all the images. The mouth-closed image was put above the mouth-opened image and lined up with the shadow of the marker X. Two separate vertical lines were drawn through the centers of the condyles on these two images. The horizontal distance of these two vertical lines was measured and converted to the actual value in proportion to the scale and regarded as the anterior translation of the mandibular condyle during mouth opening (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: To confirm that the probe did not move during mouth opening, a marker was placed between the skin and the ultrasonic probe as the landmark.The results demonstrated that the intrarater and interrater reliabilities in the within-image test were 0.986 and 0.970 and the reliabilities in the between-image test were 0.904 and 0.857, respectively.The standard errors of measurement in the within-image and between-image tests were 0.04 cm and 0.09 cm, respectively.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Physical Therapy, Hungkuang University, Taichung, Taiwan.

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Traditionally, the measurement of the maximal mouth opening was regarded as the mobility of the temporomandibular joint. The information, however, was not reliable. Sonography was often used to diagnose disc displacement in the temporomandibular joint and its validity was well established. The tool was also appropriate for measuring the outcome of temporomandibular disorders management. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to examine completely the reliability and error for evaluating the mobility of the mandibular condyle by sonography. In addition, the existing methods were modified to improve the repeatability.

Patients and methods: The reliability examinations included between-image and within-image explorations to represent the reliabilities of the image capturing and the mobility measuring, respectively. Sixty-two subjects were recruited to receive ultrasonic examination for condylar mobility. The images of the condyle in mouth closing and opening were captured and the horizontal displacement of the condyles was measured as the anterior translation of the condyle. To confirm that the probe did not move during mouth opening, a marker was placed between the skin and the ultrasonic probe as the landmark.

Results: The results demonstrated that the intrarater and interrater reliabilities in the within-image test were 0.986 and 0.970 and the reliabilities in the between-image test were 0.904 and 0.857, respectively. The standard errors of measurement in the within-image and between-image tests were 0.04 cm and 0.09 cm, respectively.

Conclusion: Sonography is a reliable tool to assess condylar mobility and can be used to measure the treatment outcome for temporomandibular disorders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus