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Body image in Brazil: recent advances in the state of knowledge and methodological issues.

Laus MF, Kakeshita IS, Costa TM, Ferreira ME, Fortes Lde S, Almeida SS - Rev Saude Publica (2014)

Bottom Line: There has been a significant increase in the number of available instruments.Much more is needed to understand body image within the Brazilian population, especially in terms of evaluating different age groups and diversifying the components/dimensions assessed.However, interest in this theme is increasing, and important steps have been taken in a short space of time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze Brazilian literature on body image and the theoretical and methodological advances that have been made.

Methods: A detailed review was undertaken of the Brazilian literature on body image, selecting published articles, dissertations and theses from the SciELO, SCOPUS, LILACS and PubMed databases and the CAPES thesis database. Google Scholar was also used. There was no start date for the search, which used the following search terms: "body image" AND "Brazil" AND "scale(s)"; "body image" AND "Brazil" AND "questionnaire(s)"; "body image" AND "Brazil" AND "instrument(s)"; "body image" limited to Brazil and "body image".

Results: The majority of measures available were intended to be used in college students, with half of them evaluating satisfaction/dissatisfaction with the body. Females and adolescents of both sexes were the most studied population. There has been a significant increase in the number of available instruments. Nevertheless, numerous published studies have used non-validated instruments, with much confusion in the use of the appropriate terms (e.g., perception, dissatisfaction, distortion).

Conclusions: Much more is needed to understand body image within the Brazilian population, especially in terms of evaluating different age groups and diversifying the components/dimensions assessed. However, interest in this theme is increasing, and important steps have been taken in a short space of time.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

(A) Theses and dissertations indexed in the CAPES Thesis Database from1987 to 2011 (N = 459). (B) Articles indexed in the SciELO database from1998 to 2012 (N = 155). (C) Articles indexed in the SCOPUS database from1992 to 2013 (N = 321).
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f01: (A) Theses and dissertations indexed in the CAPES Thesis Database from1987 to 2011 (N = 459). (B) Articles indexed in the SciELO database from1998 to 2012 (N = 155). (C) Articles indexed in the SCOPUS database from1992 to 2013 (N = 321).

Mentions: Figure A describes the results of thissurvey and the course of the research in the past decades in the country. Thenumber of academic investigations was five-times higher between 2001 and 2011(387 dissertations/theses) compared with 1987-2000 (71). Similarly, the numberof papers published in peer-reviewed journals indexed in SciELO (Figure B) increased from three (1990-2000)to 152 (2001-2012), and the number of papers in SCOPUS (Figure C) increased from 13 to 308 during the sametime.


Body image in Brazil: recent advances in the state of knowledge and methodological issues.

Laus MF, Kakeshita IS, Costa TM, Ferreira ME, Fortes Lde S, Almeida SS - Rev Saude Publica (2014)

(A) Theses and dissertations indexed in the CAPES Thesis Database from1987 to 2011 (N = 459). (B) Articles indexed in the SciELO database from1998 to 2012 (N = 155). (C) Articles indexed in the SCOPUS database from1992 to 2013 (N = 321).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206138&req=5

f01: (A) Theses and dissertations indexed in the CAPES Thesis Database from1987 to 2011 (N = 459). (B) Articles indexed in the SciELO database from1998 to 2012 (N = 155). (C) Articles indexed in the SCOPUS database from1992 to 2013 (N = 321).
Mentions: Figure A describes the results of thissurvey and the course of the research in the past decades in the country. Thenumber of academic investigations was five-times higher between 2001 and 2011(387 dissertations/theses) compared with 1987-2000 (71). Similarly, the numberof papers published in peer-reviewed journals indexed in SciELO (Figure B) increased from three (1990-2000)to 152 (2001-2012), and the number of papers in SCOPUS (Figure C) increased from 13 to 308 during the sametime.

Bottom Line: There has been a significant increase in the number of available instruments.Much more is needed to understand body image within the Brazilian population, especially in terms of evaluating different age groups and diversifying the components/dimensions assessed.However, interest in this theme is increasing, and important steps have been taken in a short space of time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze Brazilian literature on body image and the theoretical and methodological advances that have been made.

Methods: A detailed review was undertaken of the Brazilian literature on body image, selecting published articles, dissertations and theses from the SciELO, SCOPUS, LILACS and PubMed databases and the CAPES thesis database. Google Scholar was also used. There was no start date for the search, which used the following search terms: "body image" AND "Brazil" AND "scale(s)"; "body image" AND "Brazil" AND "questionnaire(s)"; "body image" AND "Brazil" AND "instrument(s)"; "body image" limited to Brazil and "body image".

Results: The majority of measures available were intended to be used in college students, with half of them evaluating satisfaction/dissatisfaction with the body. Females and adolescents of both sexes were the most studied population. There has been a significant increase in the number of available instruments. Nevertheless, numerous published studies have used non-validated instruments, with much confusion in the use of the appropriate terms (e.g., perception, dissatisfaction, distortion).

Conclusions: Much more is needed to understand body image within the Brazilian population, especially in terms of evaluating different age groups and diversifying the components/dimensions assessed. However, interest in this theme is increasing, and important steps have been taken in a short space of time.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus