Limits...
Reasons for discharge delays in teaching hospitals.

Silva SA, Valácio RA, Botelho FC, Amaral CF - Rev Saude Publica (2014)

Bottom Line: The main reasons for delay in the two hospitals were, respectively, waiting for complementary tests (30.6% versus 34.7%) or for results of performed tests to be released (22.4% versus 11.9%) and medical-related accountability (36.2% versus 26.1%) which comprised delays in discussing the clinical case and in clinical decision making and difficulties in providing specialized consultation (20.4% versus 9.1%).Both hospitals showed a high percentage of delay in hospital discharge.The delays were mainly related to processes that could be improved by interventions by care teams and managers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hospital Odilon Behrens, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the causes of delay in hospital discharge of patients admitted to internal medicine wards.

Methods: We reviewed 395 medical records of consecutive patients admitted to internal medicine wards of two public teaching hospitals: Hospital das Clínicas of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais and Hospital Odilon Behrens. The Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol was used to define the moment at which notes in the medical records indicated hospital stay was no longer appropriate and patients could be discharged. The interval between this estimated time and actual discharge was defined as the total number of days of delay in hospital discharge. An instrument was used to systematically categorize reasons for delay in hospital discharge and frequencies were analyzed.

Results: Delays in discharge occurred in 60.0% of 207 hospital admissions in the Hospital das Clínicas and in 58.0% of 188 hospital admissions in the Hospital Odilon Behrens. Mean delay per patient was 4.5 days in the former and 4.1 days in the latter, corresponding to 23.0% and 28.0% of occupancy rates in each hospital, respectively. The main reasons for delay in the two hospitals were, respectively, waiting for complementary tests (30.6% versus 34.7%) or for results of performed tests to be released (22.4% versus 11.9%) and medical-related accountability (36.2% versus 26.1%) which comprised delays in discussing the clinical case and in clinical decision making and difficulties in providing specialized consultation (20.4% versus 9.1%).

Conclusions: Both hospitals showed a high percentage of delay in hospital discharge. The delays were mainly related to processes that could be improved by interventions by care teams and managers. The impact on mean length of stay and hospital occupancy rates was significant and troubling in a scenario of relative shortage of beds and long waiting lists for hospital admission.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Delay factors in hospital discharge in internal medicine wards of twopublic teaching hospitals. Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil, January toMarch 2010.HOB: Hospital Odilon Behrens; HC: Hospital das Clínicas daUniversidade Federal de Minas Gerais
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206133&req=5

f02: Delay factors in hospital discharge in internal medicine wards of twopublic teaching hospitals. Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil, January toMarch 2010.HOB: Hospital Odilon Behrens; HC: Hospital das Clínicas daUniversidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Mentions: The causes for delays in HD are shown in Figure2. It adds up to more than 100% because some patients experienced morethan one cause of delay.


Reasons for discharge delays in teaching hospitals.

Silva SA, Valácio RA, Botelho FC, Amaral CF - Rev Saude Publica (2014)

Delay factors in hospital discharge in internal medicine wards of twopublic teaching hospitals. Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil, January toMarch 2010.HOB: Hospital Odilon Behrens; HC: Hospital das Clínicas daUniversidade Federal de Minas Gerais
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206133&req=5

f02: Delay factors in hospital discharge in internal medicine wards of twopublic teaching hospitals. Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil, January toMarch 2010.HOB: Hospital Odilon Behrens; HC: Hospital das Clínicas daUniversidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Mentions: The causes for delays in HD are shown in Figure2. It adds up to more than 100% because some patients experienced morethan one cause of delay.

Bottom Line: The main reasons for delay in the two hospitals were, respectively, waiting for complementary tests (30.6% versus 34.7%) or for results of performed tests to be released (22.4% versus 11.9%) and medical-related accountability (36.2% versus 26.1%) which comprised delays in discussing the clinical case and in clinical decision making and difficulties in providing specialized consultation (20.4% versus 9.1%).Both hospitals showed a high percentage of delay in hospital discharge.The delays were mainly related to processes that could be improved by interventions by care teams and managers.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hospital Odilon Behrens, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the causes of delay in hospital discharge of patients admitted to internal medicine wards.

Methods: We reviewed 395 medical records of consecutive patients admitted to internal medicine wards of two public teaching hospitals: Hospital das Clínicas of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais and Hospital Odilon Behrens. The Appropriateness Evaluation Protocol was used to define the moment at which notes in the medical records indicated hospital stay was no longer appropriate and patients could be discharged. The interval between this estimated time and actual discharge was defined as the total number of days of delay in hospital discharge. An instrument was used to systematically categorize reasons for delay in hospital discharge and frequencies were analyzed.

Results: Delays in discharge occurred in 60.0% of 207 hospital admissions in the Hospital das Clínicas and in 58.0% of 188 hospital admissions in the Hospital Odilon Behrens. Mean delay per patient was 4.5 days in the former and 4.1 days in the latter, corresponding to 23.0% and 28.0% of occupancy rates in each hospital, respectively. The main reasons for delay in the two hospitals were, respectively, waiting for complementary tests (30.6% versus 34.7%) or for results of performed tests to be released (22.4% versus 11.9%) and medical-related accountability (36.2% versus 26.1%) which comprised delays in discussing the clinical case and in clinical decision making and difficulties in providing specialized consultation (20.4% versus 9.1%).

Conclusions: Both hospitals showed a high percentage of delay in hospital discharge. The delays were mainly related to processes that could be improved by interventions by care teams and managers. The impact on mean length of stay and hospital occupancy rates was significant and troubling in a scenario of relative shortage of beds and long waiting lists for hospital admission.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus