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[Homicides and territorial struggles in Rio de Janeiro favelas].

Barcellos C, Zaluar A - Rev Saude Publica (2014)

Bottom Line: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009.Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the risk of homicide in Rio de Janeiro's favelas, taking into account the territorial disputes taking place in the city.

Methods: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009. Risks in favelas and in surrounding areas were evaluated, as was the domination of armed groups and drug dealing. Geographic and ethnographic concepts and methods were employed, using participant observation, interviews and analysis of secondary data on health.

Results: Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.

Conclusions: The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

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Total population resident in favelas according to the domination bytraffickers and militia.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro;UPP: Police Pacification Units Source: IBGE – Demographic census 2010 –areas surveyed within the scope of this research.
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f03: Total population resident in favelas according to the domination bytraffickers and militia.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro;UPP: Police Pacification Units Source: IBGE – Demographic census 2010 –areas surveyed within the scope of this research.

Mentions: One example of this kind of conflict is found in Rio’s western zone, in the districtof Fazenda Botafogo. Figure 3 shows theoccurrence of homicides in this area where groups like the CV, ADA and militiascontrol favelas situated very close to each other. This region also contains largewarehouses belonging to household appliance companies, whose trucks are a constanttarget for robberies.23 As aresult militias have also been installed there, making the area even moreconflict-ridden.25


[Homicides and territorial struggles in Rio de Janeiro favelas].

Barcellos C, Zaluar A - Rev Saude Publica (2014)

Total population resident in favelas according to the domination bytraffickers and militia.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro;UPP: Police Pacification Units Source: IBGE – Demographic census 2010 –areas surveyed within the scope of this research.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206120&req=5

f03: Total population resident in favelas according to the domination bytraffickers and militia.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro;UPP: Police Pacification Units Source: IBGE – Demographic census 2010 –areas surveyed within the scope of this research.
Mentions: One example of this kind of conflict is found in Rio’s western zone, in the districtof Fazenda Botafogo. Figure 3 shows theoccurrence of homicides in this area where groups like the CV, ADA and militiascontrol favelas situated very close to each other. This region also contains largewarehouses belonging to household appliance companies, whose trucks are a constanttarget for robberies.23 As aresult militias have also been installed there, making the area even moreconflict-ridden.25

Bottom Line: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009.Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the risk of homicide in Rio de Janeiro's favelas, taking into account the territorial disputes taking place in the city.

Methods: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009. Risks in favelas and in surrounding areas were evaluated, as was the domination of armed groups and drug dealing. Geographic and ethnographic concepts and methods were employed, using participant observation, interviews and analysis of secondary data on health.

Results: Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.

Conclusions: The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

Show MeSH