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[Homicides and territorial struggles in Rio de Janeiro favelas].

Barcellos C, Zaluar A - Rev Saude Publica (2014)

Bottom Line: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009.Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the risk of homicide in Rio de Janeiro's favelas, taking into account the territorial disputes taking place in the city.

Methods: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009. Risks in favelas and in surrounding areas were evaluated, as was the domination of armed groups and drug dealing. Geographic and ethnographic concepts and methods were employed, using participant observation, interviews and analysis of secondary data on health.

Results: Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.

Conclusions: The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

Show MeSH
Variation in homicide rates around favelas by domination and distance to thefavela. Homicide data by place of residence of the victim (MunicipalHealth Department of Rio de Janeiro, 2006 to 2009) andpopulation according to 2010 census. Areas surveyed within the scope of thisresearch.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro
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f02: Variation in homicide rates around favelas by domination and distance to thefavela. Homicide data by place of residence of the victim (MunicipalHealth Department of Rio de Janeiro, 2006 to 2009) andpopulation according to 2010 census. Areas surveyed within the scope of thisresearch.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro

Mentions: To examine this hypothesis, mortality by homicide rates, based on data from the SIM,were calculated for buffer zones around favelas, classified by territorial control.Figure 2 shows the homicide rates for theyear 2009 by controlling faction and according to these radial distances.


[Homicides and territorial struggles in Rio de Janeiro favelas].

Barcellos C, Zaluar A - Rev Saude Publica (2014)

Variation in homicide rates around favelas by domination and distance to thefavela. Homicide data by place of residence of the victim (MunicipalHealth Department of Rio de Janeiro, 2006 to 2009) andpopulation according to 2010 census. Areas surveyed within the scope of thisresearch.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206120&req=5

f02: Variation in homicide rates around favelas by domination and distance to thefavela. Homicide data by place of residence of the victim (MunicipalHealth Department of Rio de Janeiro, 2006 to 2009) andpopulation according to 2010 census. Areas surveyed within the scope of thisresearch.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro
Mentions: To examine this hypothesis, mortality by homicide rates, based on data from the SIM,were calculated for buffer zones around favelas, classified by territorial control.Figure 2 shows the homicide rates for theyear 2009 by controlling faction and according to these radial distances.

Bottom Line: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009.Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the risk of homicide in Rio de Janeiro's favelas, taking into account the territorial disputes taking place in the city.

Methods: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009. Risks in favelas and in surrounding areas were evaluated, as was the domination of armed groups and drug dealing. Geographic and ethnographic concepts and methods were employed, using participant observation, interviews and analysis of secondary data on health.

Results: Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.

Conclusions: The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

Show MeSH