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[Homicides and territorial struggles in Rio de Janeiro favelas].

Barcellos C, Zaluar A - Rev Saude Publica (2014)

Bottom Line: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009.Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the risk of homicide in Rio de Janeiro's favelas, taking into account the territorial disputes taking place in the city.

Methods: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009. Risks in favelas and in surrounding areas were evaluated, as was the domination of armed groups and drug dealing. Geographic and ethnographic concepts and methods were employed, using participant observation, interviews and analysis of secondary data on health.

Results: Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.

Conclusions: The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

Show MeSH
Total population resident in favelas according to the domination bytraffickers and militia.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro;UPP: Police Pacification Units Source: IBGE – Demographic census 2010 –areas surveyed within the scope of this research.
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f01: Total population resident in favelas according to the domination bytraffickers and militia.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro;UPP: Police Pacification Units Source: IBGE – Demographic census 2010 –areas surveyed within the scope of this research.

Mentions: Figure 1 shows the total population of thefavelas according to the control of criminal groups, militias, neutrality or, inrecent years, placed under the supervision of Police Pacification Units (UPP), inorder to put in context the results of several armed conflicts registered in thecity relating to territorial control of favelas.


[Homicides and territorial struggles in Rio de Janeiro favelas].

Barcellos C, Zaluar A - Rev Saude Publica (2014)

Total population resident in favelas according to the domination bytraffickers and militia.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro;UPP: Police Pacification Units Source: IBGE – Demographic census 2010 –areas surveyed within the scope of this research.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206120&req=5

f01: Total population resident in favelas according to the domination bytraffickers and militia.ADA: Amigos dos Amigos; CV: Comando Vermelho; TCP: Terceiro Comando Puro;UPP: Police Pacification Units Source: IBGE – Demographic census 2010 –areas surveyed within the scope of this research.
Mentions: Figure 1 shows the total population of thefavelas according to the control of criminal groups, militias, neutrality or, inrecent years, placed under the supervision of Police Pacification Units (UPP), inorder to put in context the results of several armed conflicts registered in thecity relating to territorial control of favelas.

Bottom Line: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009.Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the risk of homicide in Rio de Janeiro's favelas, taking into account the territorial disputes taking place in the city.

Methods: The study is based on data on mortality from homicide in the city of Rio de Janeiro between 2006 and 2009. Risks in favelas and in surrounding areas were evaluated, as was the domination of armed groups and drug dealing. Geographic and ethnographic concepts and methods were employed, using participant observation, interviews and analysis of secondary data on health.

Results: Within the favelas, mortality rates from homicide were equivalent to, or lower than, the rest of the city, although they were considerably higher in areas surrounding the favelas, especially in areas where there was conflict between armed rival gangs.

Conclusions: The presence of trafficking crews and turf war in strategic areas of the city increases homicide rates and promotes the "ecology of danger" in these areas.

Show MeSH