[Measles outbreak in the metropolitan region of Campinas, Sao Paulo State, Brazil].
Bottom Line: Brazil has not had endemic circulation of the measles virus since 2000.The genotypic characterization of the virus identified genotype D4, circulating in Europe.Secondary cases or index case were not found.
Brazil has not had endemic circulation of the measles virus since 2000. Between May and June 2011, the Metropolitan Region of Campinas, State of Sao Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, reported three cases of measles. This report presents a descriptive study of the cases, control measures, and the search for a possible source and secondary cases. The genotypic characterization of the virus identified genotype D4, circulating in Europe. Secondary cases or index case were not found. The control measures and adequate vaccination coverage in Metropolitan Region of Campinas contributed to the interruption of disease transmission.
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Mentions: In addition to 53 compatible cases found in the active search, three other casesidentified during the Santa Bárbara D´Oeste ESS actions fitted with the definitionof compatible cases and were included in the study (Figure).