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[Chewing impairment and associated factors among adults].

Figueiredo Dde R, Peres MA, Luchi CA, Peres KG - Rev Saude Publica (2013)

Bottom Line: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of chewing impairment according to sex, and its associated factors in adults.The magnitude of the associations among socioeconomic, demographics and self-related oral health factors was different according to sex, in general higher for women, with emphasis on toothache.The findings suggest that the impact of oral conditions varies by sex.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of chewing impairment according to sex, and its associated factors in adults.

Methods: A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out with 2,016 subjects aged between 20 and 59 years in Florianopolis, SC, Southern Brazil, in 2009. The sampling was undertaken in two stages, census tracts and households. The outcome 'chewing impairment' was obtained from the question "How often do you have chewing impairment due to teeth or denture problems?". Analyses were carried out with demographics and socioeconomic factors, dental services utilization, and self-related oral health using multivariable logistic regression and stratified by sex.

Results: The response rate was 85.3% (1,720 adults). The prevalence of chewing impairment was 13,0% (95%CI 10.3;15.8) and 18,0% (95%CI 14.6;21.3) among men and women, respectively. Women and men fifty years old and over, who had ten or fewer natural teeth and those who reported toothache were more likely to have chewing impairment. The combination of tooth loss and toothache on chewing impairment was almost four times higher among women.

Conclusions: The magnitude of the associations among socioeconomic, demographics and self-related oral health factors was different according to sex, in general higher for women, with emphasis on toothache. The findings suggest that the impact of oral conditions varies by sex.

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Interaction between number of natural teeth and toothache on difficultychewing, in adults according to sex. Florianópolis, SC, 2009. Testfor heterogeneity (p < 0.001)a Context of the final modelling for men and women adjusted forsociodemographic and economic variables and use of services.b Comparison with best category ≥ 10 teeth in both archesand without toothache1
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f01: Interaction between number of natural teeth and toothache on difficultychewing, in adults according to sex. Florianópolis, SC, 2009. Testfor heterogeneity (p < 0.001)a Context of the final modelling for men and women adjusted forsociodemographic and economic variables and use of services.b Comparison with best category ≥ 10 teeth in both archesand without toothache1

Mentions: In women, dissatisfaction with chewing increased with age and with decreasing income.Although at the limit of statistical significance, women whose self-reported skincolor was parda or black had a 60.0% higher chance of beingdissatisfied with chewing than those whose self-reported skin color was white.Edentulous women had an almost seven times higher chance of the outcome comparedwith those with ten or more natural teeth in both dental arches. A similar figure was obtained for those who had reportedtoothache, compared with those without pain (Table4).


[Chewing impairment and associated factors among adults].

Figueiredo Dde R, Peres MA, Luchi CA, Peres KG - Rev Saude Publica (2013)

Interaction between number of natural teeth and toothache on difficultychewing, in adults according to sex. Florianópolis, SC, 2009. Testfor heterogeneity (p < 0.001)a Context of the final modelling for men and women adjusted forsociodemographic and economic variables and use of services.b Comparison with best category ≥ 10 teeth in both archesand without toothache1
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4206107&req=5

f01: Interaction between number of natural teeth and toothache on difficultychewing, in adults according to sex. Florianópolis, SC, 2009. Testfor heterogeneity (p < 0.001)a Context of the final modelling for men and women adjusted forsociodemographic and economic variables and use of services.b Comparison with best category ≥ 10 teeth in both archesand without toothache1
Mentions: In women, dissatisfaction with chewing increased with age and with decreasing income.Although at the limit of statistical significance, women whose self-reported skincolor was parda or black had a 60.0% higher chance of beingdissatisfied with chewing than those whose self-reported skin color was white.Edentulous women had an almost seven times higher chance of the outcome comparedwith those with ten or more natural teeth in both dental arches. A similar figure was obtained for those who had reportedtoothache, compared with those without pain (Table4).

Bottom Line: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of chewing impairment according to sex, and its associated factors in adults.The magnitude of the associations among socioeconomic, demographics and self-related oral health factors was different according to sex, in general higher for women, with emphasis on toothache.The findings suggest that the impact of oral conditions varies by sex.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of chewing impairment according to sex, and its associated factors in adults.

Methods: A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out with 2,016 subjects aged between 20 and 59 years in Florianopolis, SC, Southern Brazil, in 2009. The sampling was undertaken in two stages, census tracts and households. The outcome 'chewing impairment' was obtained from the question "How often do you have chewing impairment due to teeth or denture problems?". Analyses were carried out with demographics and socioeconomic factors, dental services utilization, and self-related oral health using multivariable logistic regression and stratified by sex.

Results: The response rate was 85.3% (1,720 adults). The prevalence of chewing impairment was 13,0% (95%CI 10.3;15.8) and 18,0% (95%CI 14.6;21.3) among men and women, respectively. Women and men fifty years old and over, who had ten or fewer natural teeth and those who reported toothache were more likely to have chewing impairment. The combination of tooth loss and toothache on chewing impairment was almost four times higher among women.

Conclusions: The magnitude of the associations among socioeconomic, demographics and self-related oral health factors was different according to sex, in general higher for women, with emphasis on toothache. The findings suggest that the impact of oral conditions varies by sex.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus