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Body weight status, eating behavior, sensitivity to reward/punishment, and gender: relationships and interdependencies.

Dietrich A, Federbusch M, Grellmann C, Villringer A, Horstmann A - Front Psychol (2014)

Bottom Line: We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI.Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women.In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences Leipzig, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Behavioral and personality characteristics are factors that may jointly regulate body weight. This study explored the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and self-reported behavioral and personality measures. These measures included eating behavior (based on the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire; Stunkard and Messick, 1985), sensitivity to reward and punishment (based on the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS) scales) (Carver and White, 1994) and self-reported impulsivity (based on the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11; Patton et al., 1995). We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI. This relationship was moderated by the level of disinhibited eating. Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women. Together, eating behavior and BIS/BAS responsiveness accounted for a substantial proportion of BMI variance (men: ∼25%, women: ∼32%). A direct relationship between self-reported impulsivity and BMI was not observed. In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI. Moreover, body weight status was not only associated with eating behavior (cognitive restraint and disinhibition), but also with personality factors not inherently related to an eating context (BIS/BAS). Importantly, these relationships differ between men and women.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Relationship between BMI and BAS in women and men in the TFEQ-plus cohort (n= 192). As the relationship of BAS and BMI is moderated by gender, it is shown separately. Partial correlation of BMI*gender is -0.255 (p< 0.0005, age as covariate). Partial correlation of BMI (age as covariate) with BAS is 0.214 in women (n= 82) and -0.295 in men (n= 110). Dashed lines indicate confidence interval of 95% for the fit lines. BAS, Behavioral Activation System total score.
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Figure 3: Relationship between BMI and BAS in women and men in the TFEQ-plus cohort (n= 192). As the relationship of BAS and BMI is moderated by gender, it is shown separately. Partial correlation of BMI*gender is -0.255 (p< 0.0005, age as covariate). Partial correlation of BMI (age as covariate) with BAS is 0.214 in women (n= 82) and -0.295 in men (n= 110). Dashed lines indicate confidence interval of 95% for the fit lines. BAS, Behavioral Activation System total score.

Mentions: BAS and BIS scores did not correlate with BMI, but showed a significant interaction with gender (hypothesis 3; all p= 0.001). In women, there was a significant positive correlation of BIS and BMI (partial correlation = 0.281; p= 0.011) as well as a strong tendency for the correlation of BAS and BMI (partial correlation = 0.214; p= 0.055). In men, we found a significant negative correlation of BIS and BMI (partial correlation = -0.208; p= 0.03) as well as BAS and BMI (partial correlation = -0.295; p= 0.002). The relationship of BMI and BAS, moderated by gender, is shown in Figure 3 (results for the association of BIS and BMI are comparable). Concerning the association of self-reported impulsivity and BMI, neither a correlation between BMI and BIS-11 (total score) nor a gender interaction was found (hypothesis 4).


Body weight status, eating behavior, sensitivity to reward/punishment, and gender: relationships and interdependencies.

Dietrich A, Federbusch M, Grellmann C, Villringer A, Horstmann A - Front Psychol (2014)

Relationship between BMI and BAS in women and men in the TFEQ-plus cohort (n= 192). As the relationship of BAS and BMI is moderated by gender, it is shown separately. Partial correlation of BMI*gender is -0.255 (p< 0.0005, age as covariate). Partial correlation of BMI (age as covariate) with BAS is 0.214 in women (n= 82) and -0.295 in men (n= 110). Dashed lines indicate confidence interval of 95% for the fit lines. BAS, Behavioral Activation System total score.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4202791&req=5

Figure 3: Relationship between BMI and BAS in women and men in the TFEQ-plus cohort (n= 192). As the relationship of BAS and BMI is moderated by gender, it is shown separately. Partial correlation of BMI*gender is -0.255 (p< 0.0005, age as covariate). Partial correlation of BMI (age as covariate) with BAS is 0.214 in women (n= 82) and -0.295 in men (n= 110). Dashed lines indicate confidence interval of 95% for the fit lines. BAS, Behavioral Activation System total score.
Mentions: BAS and BIS scores did not correlate with BMI, but showed a significant interaction with gender (hypothesis 3; all p= 0.001). In women, there was a significant positive correlation of BIS and BMI (partial correlation = 0.281; p= 0.011) as well as a strong tendency for the correlation of BAS and BMI (partial correlation = 0.214; p= 0.055). In men, we found a significant negative correlation of BIS and BMI (partial correlation = -0.208; p= 0.03) as well as BAS and BMI (partial correlation = -0.295; p= 0.002). The relationship of BMI and BAS, moderated by gender, is shown in Figure 3 (results for the association of BIS and BMI are comparable). Concerning the association of self-reported impulsivity and BMI, neither a correlation between BMI and BIS-11 (total score) nor a gender interaction was found (hypothesis 4).

Bottom Line: We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI.Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women.In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences Leipzig, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Behavioral and personality characteristics are factors that may jointly regulate body weight. This study explored the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and self-reported behavioral and personality measures. These measures included eating behavior (based on the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire; Stunkard and Messick, 1985), sensitivity to reward and punishment (based on the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS) scales) (Carver and White, 1994) and self-reported impulsivity (based on the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11; Patton et al., 1995). We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI. This relationship was moderated by the level of disinhibited eating. Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women. Together, eating behavior and BIS/BAS responsiveness accounted for a substantial proportion of BMI variance (men: ∼25%, women: ∼32%). A direct relationship between self-reported impulsivity and BMI was not observed. In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI. Moreover, body weight status was not only associated with eating behavior (cognitive restraint and disinhibition), but also with personality factors not inherently related to an eating context (BIS/BAS). Importantly, these relationships differ between men and women.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus