Limits...
Body weight status, eating behavior, sensitivity to reward/punishment, and gender: relationships and interdependencies.

Dietrich A, Federbusch M, Grellmann C, Villringer A, Horstmann A - Front Psychol (2014)

Bottom Line: We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI.Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women.In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences Leipzig, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Behavioral and personality characteristics are factors that may jointly regulate body weight. This study explored the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and self-reported behavioral and personality measures. These measures included eating behavior (based on the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire; Stunkard and Messick, 1985), sensitivity to reward and punishment (based on the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS) scales) (Carver and White, 1994) and self-reported impulsivity (based on the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11; Patton et al., 1995). We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI. This relationship was moderated by the level of disinhibited eating. Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women. Together, eating behavior and BIS/BAS responsiveness accounted for a substantial proportion of BMI variance (men: ∼25%, women: ∼32%). A direct relationship between self-reported impulsivity and BMI was not observed. In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI. Moreover, body weight status was not only associated with eating behavior (cognitive restraint and disinhibition), but also with personality factors not inherently related to an eating context (BIS/BAS). Importantly, these relationships differ between men and women.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Quadratic interaction of BMI and DIS on CR in the TFEQ-only cohort (n= 326). The figure illustrates the quadratic relationship between BMI and CR moderated by the level of DIS with age and gender as covariates. Partial correlation of BMI2*DIS is 0.185 (p< 0.001; adjusted R2 change of 0.083 through BMI, DIS, BMI2, BMI*DIS and BMI2*DIS). Dots indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentile of BMI (20.1, 21.8, 24.9, 30.7, and 35.3 kg/m2). Colors indicate10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of CR (2, 4, 6, 8, 10). CR, cognitive restraint score; DIS, disinhibition score; TFEQ, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4202791&req=5

Figure 2: Quadratic interaction of BMI and DIS on CR in the TFEQ-only cohort (n= 326). The figure illustrates the quadratic relationship between BMI and CR moderated by the level of DIS with age and gender as covariates. Partial correlation of BMI2*DIS is 0.185 (p< 0.001; adjusted R2 change of 0.083 through BMI, DIS, BMI2, BMI*DIS and BMI2*DIS). Dots indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentile of BMI (20.1, 21.8, 24.9, 30.7, and 35.3 kg/m2). Colors indicate10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of CR (2, 4, 6, 8, 10). CR, cognitive restraint score; DIS, disinhibition score; TFEQ, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire.

Mentions: We hypothesized a quadratic relationship between CR and BMI (hypothesis 5). The regression of CR on BMI2 confirmed this hypothesis (squared partial correlation: 0.029, p= 0.002, age and gender as covariates). Furthermore, this inverted U-shaped relationship was moderated by DIS (p= 0.001). In other words, the relationship between BMI and CR differed with respect to the DIS score (Figure 2): For low DIS scores the quadratic association between CR and BMI was well pronounced, whereas no strong quadratic relationship for high DIS scores was observed.


Body weight status, eating behavior, sensitivity to reward/punishment, and gender: relationships and interdependencies.

Dietrich A, Federbusch M, Grellmann C, Villringer A, Horstmann A - Front Psychol (2014)

Quadratic interaction of BMI and DIS on CR in the TFEQ-only cohort (n= 326). The figure illustrates the quadratic relationship between BMI and CR moderated by the level of DIS with age and gender as covariates. Partial correlation of BMI2*DIS is 0.185 (p< 0.001; adjusted R2 change of 0.083 through BMI, DIS, BMI2, BMI*DIS and BMI2*DIS). Dots indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentile of BMI (20.1, 21.8, 24.9, 30.7, and 35.3 kg/m2). Colors indicate10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of CR (2, 4, 6, 8, 10). CR, cognitive restraint score; DIS, disinhibition score; TFEQ, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4202791&req=5

Figure 2: Quadratic interaction of BMI and DIS on CR in the TFEQ-only cohort (n= 326). The figure illustrates the quadratic relationship between BMI and CR moderated by the level of DIS with age and gender as covariates. Partial correlation of BMI2*DIS is 0.185 (p< 0.001; adjusted R2 change of 0.083 through BMI, DIS, BMI2, BMI*DIS and BMI2*DIS). Dots indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentile of BMI (20.1, 21.8, 24.9, 30.7, and 35.3 kg/m2). Colors indicate10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of CR (2, 4, 6, 8, 10). CR, cognitive restraint score; DIS, disinhibition score; TFEQ, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire.
Mentions: We hypothesized a quadratic relationship between CR and BMI (hypothesis 5). The regression of CR on BMI2 confirmed this hypothesis (squared partial correlation: 0.029, p= 0.002, age and gender as covariates). Furthermore, this inverted U-shaped relationship was moderated by DIS (p= 0.001). In other words, the relationship between BMI and CR differed with respect to the DIS score (Figure 2): For low DIS scores the quadratic association between CR and BMI was well pronounced, whereas no strong quadratic relationship for high DIS scores was observed.

Bottom Line: We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI.Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women.In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences Leipzig, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Behavioral and personality characteristics are factors that may jointly regulate body weight. This study explored the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and self-reported behavioral and personality measures. These measures included eating behavior (based on the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire; Stunkard and Messick, 1985), sensitivity to reward and punishment (based on the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS) scales) (Carver and White, 1994) and self-reported impulsivity (based on the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11; Patton et al., 1995). We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI. This relationship was moderated by the level of disinhibited eating. Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women. Together, eating behavior and BIS/BAS responsiveness accounted for a substantial proportion of BMI variance (men: ∼25%, women: ∼32%). A direct relationship between self-reported impulsivity and BMI was not observed. In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI. Moreover, body weight status was not only associated with eating behavior (cognitive restraint and disinhibition), but also with personality factors not inherently related to an eating context (BIS/BAS). Importantly, these relationships differ between men and women.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus