Limits...
Body weight status, eating behavior, sensitivity to reward/punishment, and gender: relationships and interdependencies.

Dietrich A, Federbusch M, Grellmann C, Villringer A, Horstmann A - Front Psychol (2014)

Bottom Line: We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI.Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women.In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences Leipzig, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Behavioral and personality characteristics are factors that may jointly regulate body weight. This study explored the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and self-reported behavioral and personality measures. These measures included eating behavior (based on the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire; Stunkard and Messick, 1985), sensitivity to reward and punishment (based on the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS) scales) (Carver and White, 1994) and self-reported impulsivity (based on the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11; Patton et al., 1995). We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI. This relationship was moderated by the level of disinhibited eating. Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women. Together, eating behavior and BIS/BAS responsiveness accounted for a substantial proportion of BMI variance (men: ∼25%, women: ∼32%). A direct relationship between self-reported impulsivity and BMI was not observed. In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI. Moreover, body weight status was not only associated with eating behavior (cognitive restraint and disinhibition), but also with personality factors not inherently related to an eating context (BIS/BAS). Importantly, these relationships differ between men and women.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Interaction of DIS and CR on BMI in the TFEQ-only cohort (n= 326). The figure illustrates the linear relationship between BMI and DIS moderated by the level of CR with age and gender as covariates. Partial correlation of BMI*CR is -0.203 (p < 0.0005; adjusted R2 change of 0.163 through BMI, CR, and BMI*CR). Dots indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of BMI (20.1, 21.8, 24.9, 30.7, and 35.3 kg/m2). Colors indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of CR (1, 3, 6, 9, 13). CR, cognitive restraint score; DIS, disinhibition score; TFEQ, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4202791&req=5

Figure 1: Interaction of DIS and CR on BMI in the TFEQ-only cohort (n= 326). The figure illustrates the linear relationship between BMI and DIS moderated by the level of CR with age and gender as covariates. Partial correlation of BMI*CR is -0.203 (p < 0.0005; adjusted R2 change of 0.163 through BMI, CR, and BMI*CR). Dots indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of BMI (20.1, 21.8, 24.9, 30.7, and 35.3 kg/m2). Colors indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of CR (1, 3, 6, 9, 13). CR, cognitive restraint score; DIS, disinhibition score; TFEQ, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire.

Mentions: In the total cohort of 326 subjects, a gender difference in CR (p = 0.004) and in DIS (p = 0.001) was observed, with women having higher scores in both cases. BMI significantly correlated with DIS, CR2 (hypothesis 1), and the interaction term of CR and DIS (hypothesis 2; Figure 1; partial correlations, all p < 0.0005; see Table 3). We observed no significant association of HUN with BMI.


Body weight status, eating behavior, sensitivity to reward/punishment, and gender: relationships and interdependencies.

Dietrich A, Federbusch M, Grellmann C, Villringer A, Horstmann A - Front Psychol (2014)

Interaction of DIS and CR on BMI in the TFEQ-only cohort (n= 326). The figure illustrates the linear relationship between BMI and DIS moderated by the level of CR with age and gender as covariates. Partial correlation of BMI*CR is -0.203 (p < 0.0005; adjusted R2 change of 0.163 through BMI, CR, and BMI*CR). Dots indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of BMI (20.1, 21.8, 24.9, 30.7, and 35.3 kg/m2). Colors indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of CR (1, 3, 6, 9, 13). CR, cognitive restraint score; DIS, disinhibition score; TFEQ, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4202791&req=5

Figure 1: Interaction of DIS and CR on BMI in the TFEQ-only cohort (n= 326). The figure illustrates the linear relationship between BMI and DIS moderated by the level of CR with age and gender as covariates. Partial correlation of BMI*CR is -0.203 (p < 0.0005; adjusted R2 change of 0.163 through BMI, CR, and BMI*CR). Dots indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of BMI (20.1, 21.8, 24.9, 30.7, and 35.3 kg/m2). Colors indicate 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles of CR (1, 3, 6, 9, 13). CR, cognitive restraint score; DIS, disinhibition score; TFEQ, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire.
Mentions: In the total cohort of 326 subjects, a gender difference in CR (p = 0.004) and in DIS (p = 0.001) was observed, with women having higher scores in both cases. BMI significantly correlated with DIS, CR2 (hypothesis 1), and the interaction term of CR and DIS (hypothesis 2; Figure 1; partial correlations, all p < 0.0005; see Table 3). We observed no significant association of HUN with BMI.

Bottom Line: We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI.Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women.In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences Leipzig, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Behavioral and personality characteristics are factors that may jointly regulate body weight. This study explored the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and self-reported behavioral and personality measures. These measures included eating behavior (based on the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire; Stunkard and Messick, 1985), sensitivity to reward and punishment (based on the Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS) scales) (Carver and White, 1994) and self-reported impulsivity (based on the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11; Patton et al., 1995). We found an inverted U-shaped relationship between restrained eating and BMI. This relationship was moderated by the level of disinhibited eating. Independent of eating behavior, BIS and BAS responsiveness were associated with BMI in a gender-specific manner with negative relationships for men and positive relationships for women. Together, eating behavior and BIS/BAS responsiveness accounted for a substantial proportion of BMI variance (men: ∼25%, women: ∼32%). A direct relationship between self-reported impulsivity and BMI was not observed. In summary, our results demonstrate a system of linear and non-linear relationships between the investigated factors and BMI. Moreover, body weight status was not only associated with eating behavior (cognitive restraint and disinhibition), but also with personality factors not inherently related to an eating context (BIS/BAS). Importantly, these relationships differ between men and women.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus