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Occupational factors and problem drinking among a Japanese working population.

Hasegawa T, Murata C, Ninomiya T, Takabayashi T, Noda T, Hayasaka S, Nakamura M, Ojima T - Ind Health (2013)

Bottom Line: With regard to occupational types, clerical and service professions had more problem drinkers of either sex, while administrative/managerial and sales professions had more women with such problem.With regard to company size, male problem drinkers were more prevalent in smaller companies than in larger ones.These results indicate that the prevalence of problem drinkers in the workplace depends on where one works.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Japan.

ABSTRACT
Problem drinking is a serious public health problem in the workplace. However, few Japanese epidemiological studies have investigated the occupational characteristics of problem drinking. The purpose of this study is to clarify the occupational risk factors for problem drinking among a Japanese working population. We used data from a random-sampling survey about mental health and suicide, conducted among Hamamatsu City residents aged 15 to 79 yr old during May and June in 2008. The relation between occupational factors and problem drinking was analyzed with multiple logistic regression models stratified by gender. CAGE questionnaire was used to assess problem drinking. With regard to employment types, problem drinkers were more prevalent among self-employed women. With regard to occupational types, clerical and service professions had more problem drinkers of either sex, while administrative/managerial and sales professions had more women with such problem. With regard to company size, male problem drinkers were more prevalent in smaller companies than in larger ones. These results indicate that the prevalence of problem drinkers in the workplace depends on where one works. It is necessary to consider these characteristics to provide effective measures to address problem drinking in the workplace.

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Mentions: The CAGE questionnaire was used to assess problem drinking. In this study, we definedproblem drinking as alcohol dependence and alcohol abuse/harmful drinking proven to bedetected by CAGE questionnaire under self-administered questionnaire1, 11, 12). All subjects were asked to completethis questionnaire (APPENDIX) translated into Japanese13). Because the CAGE questionnaire has been used to screen forproblem drinking in the general population with a binary score, the presence of problemdrinkers was categorized either as negative (0–1 score) or positive (2–4 score)according to the commonly recommended cutoff value (2/1 score) suggested by Ewing andother previous studies9, 12, 14, 15). Adequate reliability and validity of both the Englishand Japanese versions of the CAGE questionnaire have been demonstrated in severalstudies16, 17).


Occupational factors and problem drinking among a Japanese working population.

Hasegawa T, Murata C, Ninomiya T, Takabayashi T, Noda T, Hayasaka S, Nakamura M, Ojima T - Ind Health (2013)

© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4202734&req=5

Mentions: The CAGE questionnaire was used to assess problem drinking. In this study, we definedproblem drinking as alcohol dependence and alcohol abuse/harmful drinking proven to bedetected by CAGE questionnaire under self-administered questionnaire1, 11, 12). All subjects were asked to completethis questionnaire (APPENDIX) translated into Japanese13). Because the CAGE questionnaire has been used to screen forproblem drinking in the general population with a binary score, the presence of problemdrinkers was categorized either as negative (0–1 score) or positive (2–4 score)according to the commonly recommended cutoff value (2/1 score) suggested by Ewing andother previous studies9, 12, 14, 15). Adequate reliability and validity of both the Englishand Japanese versions of the CAGE questionnaire have been demonstrated in severalstudies16, 17).

Bottom Line: With regard to occupational types, clerical and service professions had more problem drinkers of either sex, while administrative/managerial and sales professions had more women with such problem.With regard to company size, male problem drinkers were more prevalent in smaller companies than in larger ones.These results indicate that the prevalence of problem drinkers in the workplace depends on where one works.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Japan.

ABSTRACT
Problem drinking is a serious public health problem in the workplace. However, few Japanese epidemiological studies have investigated the occupational characteristics of problem drinking. The purpose of this study is to clarify the occupational risk factors for problem drinking among a Japanese working population. We used data from a random-sampling survey about mental health and suicide, conducted among Hamamatsu City residents aged 15 to 79 yr old during May and June in 2008. The relation between occupational factors and problem drinking was analyzed with multiple logistic regression models stratified by gender. CAGE questionnaire was used to assess problem drinking. With regard to employment types, problem drinkers were more prevalent among self-employed women. With regard to occupational types, clerical and service professions had more problem drinkers of either sex, while administrative/managerial and sales professions had more women with such problem. With regard to company size, male problem drinkers were more prevalent in smaller companies than in larger ones. These results indicate that the prevalence of problem drinkers in the workplace depends on where one works. It is necessary to consider these characteristics to provide effective measures to address problem drinking in the workplace.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus