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Novel dutch self-assessment biosecurity toolkit to identify biorisk gaps and to enhance biorisk awareness.

Sijnesael PC, van den Berg LM, Bleijs DA, Odinot P, de Hoog C, Jansen MW, Kampert E, Rutjes SA, Broekhuijsen M, Banus S - Front Public Health (2014)

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Biosecurity Office, Centre for Environmental Safety and Security, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment , Bilthoven , Netherlands ; Stout Groep BV , Echteld , Netherlands.

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Life sciences, biotechnology, and medical biology are indispensable research fields for public health and the development of therapeutics and vaccines... In addition to biosafety, laboratory biosecurity measures aim to prevent theft and intentional or malicious use of biological agents... Thus, both biosafety and biosecurity should be an integral part of program management of organizations handling dangerous pathogens, in order to prevent potential dual-use research, undesired spread, theft, malicious use, and bioterrorism... The members isolated harmless strains of Clostridium botulinum from soil and thereby failed to produce active botulinum toxin in 1990... For the production of anthrax, the members unsuccessfully attempted to steal B. anthracis from a laboratory... In addition to personnel screening and personnel reliability, material control and accountability might play an important role in preventing future malicious use of biological agents... The Dutch government recognizes the need to reduce biological threats and to prevent malicious use of biological agents... The purpose of this Biosecurity Program is to prevent proliferation of biological materials and associated knowledge for illegitimate purposes... As part of the Biosecurity Program, the Dutch Biosecurity Office was founded in 2012... The Biosecurity Office utilizes previously adopted good practices from both national and international initiatives, such as the BTWC, the EU CBRN Action Plan, CWA 15793, and the Dutch Biosecurity Code of Conduct... The Biosecurity Office cooperates with existing relevant organizations, such as the Dutch Platform of Biosafety Professionals... The outcome of the Toolkit includes best practices per biosecurity pillar to improve the biosecurity level of the organization... The use of the Toolkit is anonymous and online results are not stored... The type of organization, the biological agents handled by the organization, the risks associated with executing proceedings, the dual-use potential or likelihood that an agent can be misused, and many more variables are important for designing and implementing a biosecurity program within the organization... The employees are fully aware of biosafety risks; however, there is less awareness for biosecurity and dual-use risks of the samples.

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The online Biosecurity Toolkit has eight biosecurity pillars. (A) The eight biosecurity pillars were adapted from previous studies (5, 16) and were ascertained by the Dutch biosecurity expert group and biosecurity stakeholders. In the left column, the pillars are placed in the order of appearance in the online Toolkit. In the right column, a short description per biosecurity pillar is provided. (B) The pillars are placed in the tab pages on the top of the webpage where the questionnaire for “Awareness” is shown. By clicking on the subsequent pillar, the questions become visible and can be answered with “yes” or “no.” The yellow “i” information button provides information about the specific question. The online questionnaire can be saved between pillars, and interim results can be viewed at any convenient time. By clicking the “reset” button, the form will be cleared from previously entered answers. (C). The tab page “Good Practices” contains legal bases and good practices for biosecurity program improvement. By clicking on specific biosecurity pillars, a list with links, best practices, and information is available with suggestions for improvement of the biosecurity program within organizations.
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Figure 1: The online Biosecurity Toolkit has eight biosecurity pillars. (A) The eight biosecurity pillars were adapted from previous studies (5, 16) and were ascertained by the Dutch biosecurity expert group and biosecurity stakeholders. In the left column, the pillars are placed in the order of appearance in the online Toolkit. In the right column, a short description per biosecurity pillar is provided. (B) The pillars are placed in the tab pages on the top of the webpage where the questionnaire for “Awareness” is shown. By clicking on the subsequent pillar, the questions become visible and can be answered with “yes” or “no.” The yellow “i” information button provides information about the specific question. The online questionnaire can be saved between pillars, and interim results can be viewed at any convenient time. By clicking the “reset” button, the form will be cleared from previously entered answers. (C). The tab page “Good Practices” contains legal bases and good practices for biosecurity program improvement. By clicking on specific biosecurity pillars, a list with links, best practices, and information is available with suggestions for improvement of the biosecurity program within organizations.

Mentions: The experts defined eight pillars of biosecurity risk management, namely awareness, personnel reliability, transport security, information security, accountability for materials, response, management, and physical security (5, 6, 16). The biosecurity experts added the eighth pillar “management” to the Biosecurity Toolkit, since the management of an organization should also be aware of biological risks, and commitment of the higher management is a prerequisite for successful implementation of the biorisk management program. A short description per biosecurity pillar is provided in Figure 1A. Per biosecurity pillar, the user needs to answer up to 10 questions with “yes” or “no” in the questionnaire (Figure 1B), and the relative score for each category is normalized to 100%. In case of doubt or uncertainty, the user is advised to fill in “no,” so the associated suggestion for improvement will be addressed after fulfilling the Toolkit. Each question is accompanied with explanatory or background information, accessible via the information icon (Figure 1B). The questionnaire can be saved and interim results can be viewed between different pillars, at every convenient time for the user.


Novel dutch self-assessment biosecurity toolkit to identify biorisk gaps and to enhance biorisk awareness.

Sijnesael PC, van den Berg LM, Bleijs DA, Odinot P, de Hoog C, Jansen MW, Kampert E, Rutjes SA, Broekhuijsen M, Banus S - Front Public Health (2014)

The online Biosecurity Toolkit has eight biosecurity pillars. (A) The eight biosecurity pillars were adapted from previous studies (5, 16) and were ascertained by the Dutch biosecurity expert group and biosecurity stakeholders. In the left column, the pillars are placed in the order of appearance in the online Toolkit. In the right column, a short description per biosecurity pillar is provided. (B) The pillars are placed in the tab pages on the top of the webpage where the questionnaire for “Awareness” is shown. By clicking on the subsequent pillar, the questions become visible and can be answered with “yes” or “no.” The yellow “i” information button provides information about the specific question. The online questionnaire can be saved between pillars, and interim results can be viewed at any convenient time. By clicking the “reset” button, the form will be cleared from previously entered answers. (C). The tab page “Good Practices” contains legal bases and good practices for biosecurity program improvement. By clicking on specific biosecurity pillars, a list with links, best practices, and information is available with suggestions for improvement of the biosecurity program within organizations.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4202726&req=5

Figure 1: The online Biosecurity Toolkit has eight biosecurity pillars. (A) The eight biosecurity pillars were adapted from previous studies (5, 16) and were ascertained by the Dutch biosecurity expert group and biosecurity stakeholders. In the left column, the pillars are placed in the order of appearance in the online Toolkit. In the right column, a short description per biosecurity pillar is provided. (B) The pillars are placed in the tab pages on the top of the webpage where the questionnaire for “Awareness” is shown. By clicking on the subsequent pillar, the questions become visible and can be answered with “yes” or “no.” The yellow “i” information button provides information about the specific question. The online questionnaire can be saved between pillars, and interim results can be viewed at any convenient time. By clicking the “reset” button, the form will be cleared from previously entered answers. (C). The tab page “Good Practices” contains legal bases and good practices for biosecurity program improvement. By clicking on specific biosecurity pillars, a list with links, best practices, and information is available with suggestions for improvement of the biosecurity program within organizations.
Mentions: The experts defined eight pillars of biosecurity risk management, namely awareness, personnel reliability, transport security, information security, accountability for materials, response, management, and physical security (5, 6, 16). The biosecurity experts added the eighth pillar “management” to the Biosecurity Toolkit, since the management of an organization should also be aware of biological risks, and commitment of the higher management is a prerequisite for successful implementation of the biorisk management program. A short description per biosecurity pillar is provided in Figure 1A. Per biosecurity pillar, the user needs to answer up to 10 questions with “yes” or “no” in the questionnaire (Figure 1B), and the relative score for each category is normalized to 100%. In case of doubt or uncertainty, the user is advised to fill in “no,” so the associated suggestion for improvement will be addressed after fulfilling the Toolkit. Each question is accompanied with explanatory or background information, accessible via the information icon (Figure 1B). The questionnaire can be saved and interim results can be viewed between different pillars, at every convenient time for the user.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Biosecurity Office, Centre for Environmental Safety and Security, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment , Bilthoven , Netherlands ; Stout Groep BV , Echteld , Netherlands.

AUTOMATICALLY GENERATED EXCERPT
Please rate it.

Life sciences, biotechnology, and medical biology are indispensable research fields for public health and the development of therapeutics and vaccines... In addition to biosafety, laboratory biosecurity measures aim to prevent theft and intentional or malicious use of biological agents... Thus, both biosafety and biosecurity should be an integral part of program management of organizations handling dangerous pathogens, in order to prevent potential dual-use research, undesired spread, theft, malicious use, and bioterrorism... The members isolated harmless strains of Clostridium botulinum from soil and thereby failed to produce active botulinum toxin in 1990... For the production of anthrax, the members unsuccessfully attempted to steal B. anthracis from a laboratory... In addition to personnel screening and personnel reliability, material control and accountability might play an important role in preventing future malicious use of biological agents... The Dutch government recognizes the need to reduce biological threats and to prevent malicious use of biological agents... The purpose of this Biosecurity Program is to prevent proliferation of biological materials and associated knowledge for illegitimate purposes... As part of the Biosecurity Program, the Dutch Biosecurity Office was founded in 2012... The Biosecurity Office utilizes previously adopted good practices from both national and international initiatives, such as the BTWC, the EU CBRN Action Plan, CWA 15793, and the Dutch Biosecurity Code of Conduct... The Biosecurity Office cooperates with existing relevant organizations, such as the Dutch Platform of Biosafety Professionals... The outcome of the Toolkit includes best practices per biosecurity pillar to improve the biosecurity level of the organization... The use of the Toolkit is anonymous and online results are not stored... The type of organization, the biological agents handled by the organization, the risks associated with executing proceedings, the dual-use potential or likelihood that an agent can be misused, and many more variables are important for designing and implementing a biosecurity program within the organization... The employees are fully aware of biosafety risks; however, there is less awareness for biosecurity and dual-use risks of the samples.

No MeSH data available.