Sensory rewiring in an echolocator: genome-wide modification of retinogenic and auditory genes in the bat Myotis davidii.
Bottom Line: Using the naked mole rat as a reference, we found five functional genes (CYP1A2, RBP3, GUCY2F, CRYBB1, and GRK7) encoding visual proteins that have degenerated into pseudogenes in M. davidii but not P. alecto.In a second approach genome-wide codon usage bias (CUB) was compared between the two bat species.Together, they help explain how natural selection has reduced physiological costs associated with the development of a smaller eye poorly adapted to day vision but that also contribute to enhanced dim light vision and the hearing adaptations consonant with echolocation.
Affiliation: Computational and Systems Biology, CSIRO Agriculture Flagship, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia firstname.lastname@example.org.Show MeSH
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Mentions: Of the 19 visual perception genes identified as inactivated or missing in the naked mole rat, we identified five that have also become pseudogenes in M. davidii but not P. alecto (CYP1A2, RBP3, GUCY2F, CRYBB1, and GRK7; Figure 1). Taxonomically the naked mole rat H. glaber is placed within rodents. Despite some exceptional traits the overall properties of the H. glaber genome are similar to other mammals (Kim et al. 2011) making the comparison to the two bat species reasonable.
Affiliation: Computational and Systems Biology, CSIRO Agriculture Flagship, Queensland Bioscience Precinct, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia email@example.com.