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Effect of honey solution and water acquisition on survival of starved solenopsis mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis.

Huang F, Wang F, Lu Y, Zhang P, Zhang J, Zhang Z, Li W, Lin W, Bei Y - J. Insect Sci. (2014)

Bottom Line: The current study examined the effects of honey solution and water access on feeding behavior and survival of starving solenopsis mealybugs, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae).The effects of honey solution and water acquisition on survival of P. solenopsis was also examined.Comparison between P. solenopsis in different treatments (starved, water feeding, honey solution feeding, and cotton plant feeding) suggested that 1) P. solenopsis could accept but did not favor feeding on water or the honey solution, and 2) this feeding could prolong its survival, but had no effect on body size.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory Breeding Base for Zhejiang Sustainable Pest and Disease Control, Institute of Plant Protection and Microbiology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310021, China huangfang_ch@hotmail.com.

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Survival curves for adult Phenacoccus solenopsis in different treatments from the time of emergence. High quality figures are available online.
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f05_01: Survival curves for adult Phenacoccus solenopsis in different treatments from the time of emergence. High quality figures are available online.

Mentions: Different feeding treatments significantly influenced survival of newly-emerged adult female P. solenopsis. Some individuals in the starved group began to die within five days, whereas adults in other groups survived at least one week (Figure 5). Survivorship was progressively higher for P. solenopsis in WM, NM, and CRL treatments (Figure 6). The effect of food treatments on longevity was significant (F3,50 = 85.1, p < 0.001). The average longevity of P. solenopsis was longest (29.26 ± 7.42 days) in the G. hirsutum leaf treatment compared to the other three treatments. The adults that fed on water and honey solution survived for 11.67 ± 3.5 days and 14.17 ± 2.79 days, respectively (no significant difference). Starved mealybug adults only lived for 6.83 ± 3.13 days.


Effect of honey solution and water acquisition on survival of starved solenopsis mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis.

Huang F, Wang F, Lu Y, Zhang P, Zhang J, Zhang Z, Li W, Lin W, Bei Y - J. Insect Sci. (2014)

Survival curves for adult Phenacoccus solenopsis in different treatments from the time of emergence. High quality figures are available online.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4199356&req=5

f05_01: Survival curves for adult Phenacoccus solenopsis in different treatments from the time of emergence. High quality figures are available online.
Mentions: Different feeding treatments significantly influenced survival of newly-emerged adult female P. solenopsis. Some individuals in the starved group began to die within five days, whereas adults in other groups survived at least one week (Figure 5). Survivorship was progressively higher for P. solenopsis in WM, NM, and CRL treatments (Figure 6). The effect of food treatments on longevity was significant (F3,50 = 85.1, p < 0.001). The average longevity of P. solenopsis was longest (29.26 ± 7.42 days) in the G. hirsutum leaf treatment compared to the other three treatments. The adults that fed on water and honey solution survived for 11.67 ± 3.5 days and 14.17 ± 2.79 days, respectively (no significant difference). Starved mealybug adults only lived for 6.83 ± 3.13 days.

Bottom Line: The current study examined the effects of honey solution and water access on feeding behavior and survival of starving solenopsis mealybugs, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae).The effects of honey solution and water acquisition on survival of P. solenopsis was also examined.Comparison between P. solenopsis in different treatments (starved, water feeding, honey solution feeding, and cotton plant feeding) suggested that 1) P. solenopsis could accept but did not favor feeding on water or the honey solution, and 2) this feeding could prolong its survival, but had no effect on body size.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory Breeding Base for Zhejiang Sustainable Pest and Disease Control, Institute of Plant Protection and Microbiology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310021, China huangfang_ch@hotmail.com.

Show MeSH