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Social and physical environmental correlates of adults' weekend sitting time and moderating effects of retirement status and physical health.

Van Holle V, McNaughton SA, Teychenne M, Timperio A, Van Dyck D, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Salmon J - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2014)

Bottom Line: This study examined social and environment correlates of overall weekend day sitting among adults at or approaching retirement age, and moderating effects of perceived physical health and retirement status.In the multivariable model, only social support from friends/colleagues to discourage sitting (B = -0.891; p = 0.036) was associated with overall weekend day sitting.No moderation of retirement status, nor physical health were found in the multivariable results.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. veerle.vanholle@ugent.be.

ABSTRACT
Emerging research suggests that prolonged sedentary behaviour (SB) is detrimental to health. Changes in SB patterns are likely to occur during particular life stages, for example at retirement age (55-65-year-old). Evidence on socio-ecological SB correlates is scarce and inconsistent in this age group. Moreover, the influence of socio-ecological correlates may vary depending on health and retirement status. This study examined social and environment correlates of overall weekend day sitting among adults at or approaching retirement age, and moderating effects of perceived physical health and retirement status. Baseline data from the Wellbeing, Eating and Exercise for a Long Life study in 2839 Australian adults (55-65-year-old) were analysed. Participants self-reported proximal social factors, neighbourhood social and physical environment, physical health and retirement status. MLwiN multilevel regression analyses were conducted. In the multivariable model, only social support from friends/colleagues to discourage sitting (B = -0.891; p = 0.036) was associated with overall weekend day sitting. No moderation of retirement status, nor physical health were found in the multivariable results. Results from this study suggest the importance of social factors in relation to weekend day sitting among 55-65-year-old adults. Health promotion initiatives in this age group should pay special attention to enhancing social interaction opportunities. Moreover, findings suggest that SB-specific correlates may need to be examined in future research.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Moderation by retirement status for the bivariate relationship between social trust & cohesion (a), personal safety (b) and weekend day sitting.
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ijerph-11-09790-f001: Moderation by retirement status for the bivariate relationship between social trust & cohesion (a), personal safety (b) and weekend day sitting.

Mentions: Retirement status moderated the bivariate relationship between neighbourhood “social trust and cohesion” and weekend day sitting (p = 0.024), as well as the association between “personal safety” and weekend day sitting (p = 0.027). Both moderation effects are illustrated in Figure 1 and show that better perceptions of “neighbourhood social trust and cohesion” and “personal safety” were associated with less sitting time on weekends, but only in retired adults (p = 0.013; p = 0.020, respectively). There were no other moderation effects of retirement status on any of the bivariate relationships between the other independent variables and weekend day sitting, so these interaction terms were excluded from the multivariable analyses. In the multivariable model, retirement status no longer interacted with “social trust and cohesion” or “personal safety” (p = 0.120; p = 0.257, respectively).


Social and physical environmental correlates of adults' weekend sitting time and moderating effects of retirement status and physical health.

Van Holle V, McNaughton SA, Teychenne M, Timperio A, Van Dyck D, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Salmon J - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2014)

Moderation by retirement status for the bivariate relationship between social trust & cohesion (a), personal safety (b) and weekend day sitting.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4199050&req=5

ijerph-11-09790-f001: Moderation by retirement status for the bivariate relationship between social trust & cohesion (a), personal safety (b) and weekend day sitting.
Mentions: Retirement status moderated the bivariate relationship between neighbourhood “social trust and cohesion” and weekend day sitting (p = 0.024), as well as the association between “personal safety” and weekend day sitting (p = 0.027). Both moderation effects are illustrated in Figure 1 and show that better perceptions of “neighbourhood social trust and cohesion” and “personal safety” were associated with less sitting time on weekends, but only in retired adults (p = 0.013; p = 0.020, respectively). There were no other moderation effects of retirement status on any of the bivariate relationships between the other independent variables and weekend day sitting, so these interaction terms were excluded from the multivariable analyses. In the multivariable model, retirement status no longer interacted with “social trust and cohesion” or “personal safety” (p = 0.120; p = 0.257, respectively).

Bottom Line: This study examined social and environment correlates of overall weekend day sitting among adults at or approaching retirement age, and moderating effects of perceived physical health and retirement status.In the multivariable model, only social support from friends/colleagues to discourage sitting (B = -0.891; p = 0.036) was associated with overall weekend day sitting.No moderation of retirement status, nor physical health were found in the multivariable results.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. veerle.vanholle@ugent.be.

ABSTRACT
Emerging research suggests that prolonged sedentary behaviour (SB) is detrimental to health. Changes in SB patterns are likely to occur during particular life stages, for example at retirement age (55-65-year-old). Evidence on socio-ecological SB correlates is scarce and inconsistent in this age group. Moreover, the influence of socio-ecological correlates may vary depending on health and retirement status. This study examined social and environment correlates of overall weekend day sitting among adults at or approaching retirement age, and moderating effects of perceived physical health and retirement status. Baseline data from the Wellbeing, Eating and Exercise for a Long Life study in 2839 Australian adults (55-65-year-old) were analysed. Participants self-reported proximal social factors, neighbourhood social and physical environment, physical health and retirement status. MLwiN multilevel regression analyses were conducted. In the multivariable model, only social support from friends/colleagues to discourage sitting (B = -0.891; p = 0.036) was associated with overall weekend day sitting. No moderation of retirement status, nor physical health were found in the multivariable results. Results from this study suggest the importance of social factors in relation to weekend day sitting among 55-65-year-old adults. Health promotion initiatives in this age group should pay special attention to enhancing social interaction opportunities. Moreover, findings suggest that SB-specific correlates may need to be examined in future research.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus