Limits...
Verbascoside promotes apoptosis by regulating HIPK2-p53 signaling in human colorectal cancer.

Zhou L, Feng Y, Jin Y, Liu X, Sui H, Chai N, Chen X, Liu N, Ji Q, Wang Y, Li Q - BMC Cancer (2014)

Bottom Line: In vitro effects of VB on CRC cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry; HIPK2, p53, p-p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 were measured by western blot.In summary, VB treatment significantly enhanced the protein expression of pro-apoptotic HIPK2, p53, p-p53, Bax, and decreased anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression in CRC cells.We also found that VB effectively activated the HIPK2-p53 signaling pathway, resulting in increased CRC cell apoptosis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Oncology, Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China. lzwf@hotmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: We investigated the role of the HIPK2-p53 signaling pathway in tumorigenesis and resistance to the drug Verbascoside (VB) in colorectal cancer (CRC), using in vivo and in vitro experiments.

Methods: Primary human CRC samples and normal intestinal tissues from patients were analyzed for HIPK2 expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and its expression was correlated against patients' clinicopathological characteristics. Human CRC HCT-116 cells were implanted in BALB/c nude mice; mice with xenografted tumors were randomly administrated vehicle (control), 20, 40, or 80 mg/mL VB, or 1 mg/mL fluorouracil (5-FU). HIPK2, p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 expression in these tumors were determined by IHC. In vitro effects of VB on CRC cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry; HIPK2, p53, p-p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 were measured by western blot.

Results: IHC analysis for 100 human CRC tumor samples and 20 normal intestinal tissues, showed HIPK2 expression to inversely correlate with Dukes stage and depth of invasion in CRC (P<0.05). In vivo, the inhibition rates of 20, 40, and 80 mg/mL VB on CRC xenograft tumor weight were 42.79%, 53.90%, and 60.99%, respectively, and were accompanied by increased expression of HIPK2, p53, and Bax, and decreased Bcl-2 expression in treated tumors. In vitro, VB significantly inhibited proliferation of CRC cell lines HCT-116, HT-29, LoVo, and SW620, in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The apoptosis rates of 25, 50, and 100 μM VB on HCT-116 cells were 10.83±1.28, 11.25±1.54, and 20.19±2.87%, and on HT-29 cells were 18.92±6.12, 21.57±4.05, and 25.14±6.73%, respectively. In summary, VB treatment significantly enhanced the protein expression of pro-apoptotic HIPK2, p53, p-p53, Bax, and decreased anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression in CRC cells.

Conclusions: HIPK2 protein modulates the phosphorylation status of p53, and levels of Bax and Bcl-2 in CRC. We also found that VB effectively activated the HIPK2-p53 signaling pathway, resulting in increased CRC cell apoptosis.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Expression of apoptosis-related proteins is affected by Verbascoside (VB) in CRC xenograft tumors. IHC staining of HIPK2, p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 proteins in tumors treated with VB (A). Relative protein expression levels in (A) were quantified by image analysis software (B). Magnification × 200.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4197337&req=5

Fig3: Expression of apoptosis-related proteins is affected by Verbascoside (VB) in CRC xenograft tumors. IHC staining of HIPK2, p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 proteins in tumors treated with VB (A). Relative protein expression levels in (A) were quantified by image analysis software (B). Magnification × 200.

Mentions: To investigate the tumor inhibitory activity of VB for CRC, we first established a human CRC xenograft mode in mice, which were then treated with different doses of VB. In vivo data showed that VB remarkably inhibited growth of the xenografted tumors (Figure 2A and B). Tumor volume inhibition rates in the low-, medium-, and high-VB dose groups were 48.41%, 61.04%, and 63.75%, respectively; and tumor weight inhibition rates were 42.79%, 53.90%, and 60.99%, respectively (Figure 2C, D).Notably, at higher doses, the anti-tumor effect of VB was similar to that of 5-FU (Figure 2). The VB-treated tumor samples were then analyzed by IHC for levels of apoptosis-related proteins such as HIPK2, p53, Bax, and Bcl-2. The results indicated that VB significantly enhanced expression of pro-apoptotic HIPK2, p53, and Bax proteins in tumors, but decreased expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, in a dose-dependent manner (Table 3, Figure 3).Figure 2


Verbascoside promotes apoptosis by regulating HIPK2-p53 signaling in human colorectal cancer.

Zhou L, Feng Y, Jin Y, Liu X, Sui H, Chai N, Chen X, Liu N, Ji Q, Wang Y, Li Q - BMC Cancer (2014)

Expression of apoptosis-related proteins is affected by Verbascoside (VB) in CRC xenograft tumors. IHC staining of HIPK2, p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 proteins in tumors treated with VB (A). Relative protein expression levels in (A) were quantified by image analysis software (B). Magnification × 200.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4197337&req=5

Fig3: Expression of apoptosis-related proteins is affected by Verbascoside (VB) in CRC xenograft tumors. IHC staining of HIPK2, p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 proteins in tumors treated with VB (A). Relative protein expression levels in (A) were quantified by image analysis software (B). Magnification × 200.
Mentions: To investigate the tumor inhibitory activity of VB for CRC, we first established a human CRC xenograft mode in mice, which were then treated with different doses of VB. In vivo data showed that VB remarkably inhibited growth of the xenografted tumors (Figure 2A and B). Tumor volume inhibition rates in the low-, medium-, and high-VB dose groups were 48.41%, 61.04%, and 63.75%, respectively; and tumor weight inhibition rates were 42.79%, 53.90%, and 60.99%, respectively (Figure 2C, D).Notably, at higher doses, the anti-tumor effect of VB was similar to that of 5-FU (Figure 2). The VB-treated tumor samples were then analyzed by IHC for levels of apoptosis-related proteins such as HIPK2, p53, Bax, and Bcl-2. The results indicated that VB significantly enhanced expression of pro-apoptotic HIPK2, p53, and Bax proteins in tumors, but decreased expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, in a dose-dependent manner (Table 3, Figure 3).Figure 2

Bottom Line: In vitro effects of VB on CRC cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry; HIPK2, p53, p-p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 were measured by western blot.In summary, VB treatment significantly enhanced the protein expression of pro-apoptotic HIPK2, p53, p-p53, Bax, and decreased anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression in CRC cells.We also found that VB effectively activated the HIPK2-p53 signaling pathway, resulting in increased CRC cell apoptosis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Oncology, Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China. lzwf@hotmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: We investigated the role of the HIPK2-p53 signaling pathway in tumorigenesis and resistance to the drug Verbascoside (VB) in colorectal cancer (CRC), using in vivo and in vitro experiments.

Methods: Primary human CRC samples and normal intestinal tissues from patients were analyzed for HIPK2 expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and its expression was correlated against patients' clinicopathological characteristics. Human CRC HCT-116 cells were implanted in BALB/c nude mice; mice with xenografted tumors were randomly administrated vehicle (control), 20, 40, or 80 mg/mL VB, or 1 mg/mL fluorouracil (5-FU). HIPK2, p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 expression in these tumors were determined by IHC. In vitro effects of VB on CRC cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry; HIPK2, p53, p-p53, Bax, and Bcl-2 were measured by western blot.

Results: IHC analysis for 100 human CRC tumor samples and 20 normal intestinal tissues, showed HIPK2 expression to inversely correlate with Dukes stage and depth of invasion in CRC (P<0.05). In vivo, the inhibition rates of 20, 40, and 80 mg/mL VB on CRC xenograft tumor weight were 42.79%, 53.90%, and 60.99%, respectively, and were accompanied by increased expression of HIPK2, p53, and Bax, and decreased Bcl-2 expression in treated tumors. In vitro, VB significantly inhibited proliferation of CRC cell lines HCT-116, HT-29, LoVo, and SW620, in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The apoptosis rates of 25, 50, and 100 μM VB on HCT-116 cells were 10.83±1.28, 11.25±1.54, and 20.19±2.87%, and on HT-29 cells were 18.92±6.12, 21.57±4.05, and 25.14±6.73%, respectively. In summary, VB treatment significantly enhanced the protein expression of pro-apoptotic HIPK2, p53, p-p53, Bax, and decreased anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression in CRC cells.

Conclusions: HIPK2 protein modulates the phosphorylation status of p53, and levels of Bax and Bcl-2 in CRC. We also found that VB effectively activated the HIPK2-p53 signaling pathway, resulting in increased CRC cell apoptosis.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus