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Long-term outcomes of two rescue therapies in lamivudine-refractory patients with chronic hepatitis B: combined lamivudine and adefovir, and 1-mg entecavir.

Ze E, Baek EK, Lee JJ, Chung HW, Ahn DG, Cho HJ, Kwon JC, Kim HJ, Lee H - Clin Mol Hepatol (2014)

Bottom Line: Baseline characteristics did not differ between the two therapy groups.Combination of LAM and ADV therapy for up to 6 years achieved modest rates of virological suppression and resistance.ETV is not an optimal therapy because the risk of viral breakthrough to ETV increases over time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Mediciner, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background/aims: Adefovir (ADV) and lamivudine (LAM) combination therapy (ADV+LAM) has been a useful option for patients with LAM-resistant (LAM-r) chronic hepatitis B (CHB). However, the long-term outcomes of LAM+ADV and 1-mg entecavir (ETV) rescue therapies have still been limited. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term outcomes of these two rescue therapies.

Methods: Sixty patients with LAM-r CHB underwent rescue therapy with LAM+ADV (n=36) or 1-mg ETV (n=24). We determined the duration of rescue therapy, timing and type of mutation, undetectable serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA by PCR (lower limitation of detection, < 140 copies/mL), biochemical response (alanine aminotransferase < 40 IU/mL), and the incidence of hepatitis B virus e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion and virologic breakthrough.

Results: Baseline characteristics did not differ between the two therapy groups. The duration of rescue therapy was 56 months (range, 14-100 months) in the ADV+LAM group and 42 months (range, 12-73 months) in the ETV group (P=0.036). The cumulative rates of HBV DNA undetectability and HBeAg seroconversion up to 6 years were 88.6% and 43.0%, respectively, in the ADV+LAM group, and 45.8% and 31.8% in the ETV group. The rate of virologic breakthrough and resistance was 14.4% in the ADV+LAM group and 71.9% in the ETV group (P=0.001).

Conclusions: Combination of LAM and ADV therapy for up to 6 years achieved modest rates of virological suppression and resistance. ETV is not an optimal therapy because the risk of viral breakthrough to ETV increases over time.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Cumulative rates of HBeAg seroconversion in patients treated with lamivudine plus adefovir therapy and entecavir monotherapy. *P-value from Log rank test. ETV, entecavir; LAM+ADV, lamivudine plus adefovir.
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Figure 2: Cumulative rates of HBeAg seroconversion in patients treated with lamivudine plus adefovir therapy and entecavir monotherapy. *P-value from Log rank test. ETV, entecavir; LAM+ADV, lamivudine plus adefovir.

Mentions: Among HBeAg positive patients at baseline, the proportion of patients who achieved HBeAg seroconversion was slightly higher in the ADV combination group compared with in ETV group (Fig. 2). After 6 years of treatment, the cumulative rate of HBeAg seroconversion in the ADV combination group was 43.0%, and the rate in ETV group was 31.8%. However, there was no statistical difference in the cumulative rates of HBeAg seroconversion between two groups (P=0.375).


Long-term outcomes of two rescue therapies in lamivudine-refractory patients with chronic hepatitis B: combined lamivudine and adefovir, and 1-mg entecavir.

Ze E, Baek EK, Lee JJ, Chung HW, Ahn DG, Cho HJ, Kwon JC, Kim HJ, Lee H - Clin Mol Hepatol (2014)

Cumulative rates of HBeAg seroconversion in patients treated with lamivudine plus adefovir therapy and entecavir monotherapy. *P-value from Log rank test. ETV, entecavir; LAM+ADV, lamivudine plus adefovir.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4197175&req=5

Figure 2: Cumulative rates of HBeAg seroconversion in patients treated with lamivudine plus adefovir therapy and entecavir monotherapy. *P-value from Log rank test. ETV, entecavir; LAM+ADV, lamivudine plus adefovir.
Mentions: Among HBeAg positive patients at baseline, the proportion of patients who achieved HBeAg seroconversion was slightly higher in the ADV combination group compared with in ETV group (Fig. 2). After 6 years of treatment, the cumulative rate of HBeAg seroconversion in the ADV combination group was 43.0%, and the rate in ETV group was 31.8%. However, there was no statistical difference in the cumulative rates of HBeAg seroconversion between two groups (P=0.375).

Bottom Line: Baseline characteristics did not differ between the two therapy groups.Combination of LAM and ADV therapy for up to 6 years achieved modest rates of virological suppression and resistance.ETV is not an optimal therapy because the risk of viral breakthrough to ETV increases over time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Mediciner, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Background/aims: Adefovir (ADV) and lamivudine (LAM) combination therapy (ADV+LAM) has been a useful option for patients with LAM-resistant (LAM-r) chronic hepatitis B (CHB). However, the long-term outcomes of LAM+ADV and 1-mg entecavir (ETV) rescue therapies have still been limited. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term outcomes of these two rescue therapies.

Methods: Sixty patients with LAM-r CHB underwent rescue therapy with LAM+ADV (n=36) or 1-mg ETV (n=24). We determined the duration of rescue therapy, timing and type of mutation, undetectable serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA by PCR (lower limitation of detection, < 140 copies/mL), biochemical response (alanine aminotransferase < 40 IU/mL), and the incidence of hepatitis B virus e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion and virologic breakthrough.

Results: Baseline characteristics did not differ between the two therapy groups. The duration of rescue therapy was 56 months (range, 14-100 months) in the ADV+LAM group and 42 months (range, 12-73 months) in the ETV group (P=0.036). The cumulative rates of HBV DNA undetectability and HBeAg seroconversion up to 6 years were 88.6% and 43.0%, respectively, in the ADV+LAM group, and 45.8% and 31.8% in the ETV group. The rate of virologic breakthrough and resistance was 14.4% in the ADV+LAM group and 71.9% in the ETV group (P=0.001).

Conclusions: Combination of LAM and ADV therapy for up to 6 years achieved modest rates of virological suppression and resistance. ETV is not an optimal therapy because the risk of viral breakthrough to ETV increases over time.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus