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Full genome sequences of zebra-borne equine herpesvirus type 1 isolated from zebra, onager and Thomson's gazelle.

Guo X, Izume S, Okada A, Ohya K, Kimura T, Fukushi H - J. Vet. Med. Sci. (2014)

Bottom Line: The full genome sequences of the 3 strains were determined.Sequence data indicated that the EHV-1 isolated from a polar bear in Germany is one of the zebra-borne EHV-1 and not a recombinant virus.These results indicated that zebra-borne EHV-1 is a subtype of EHV-1.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Applied Veterinary Sciences, United Graduate School of Veterinary Sciences, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193, Japan.

ABSTRACT
A strain of equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) was isolated from zebra. This strain, called "zebra-borne EHV-1", was also isolated from an onager and a gazelle in zoological gardens in U.S.A. The full genome sequences of the 3 strains were determined. They shared 99% identities with each other, while they shared 98% and 95% identities with the horse derived EHV-1 and equine herpesvirus type 9, respectively. Sequence data indicated that the EHV-1 isolated from a polar bear in Germany is one of the zebra-borne EHV-1 and not a recombinant virus. These results indicated that zebra-borne EHV-1 is a subtype of EHV-1.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Neighbor-joining phylogenic tree based on the genome sequences of 3 zebra-borne EHV-1(T-616: KF644573; T-529: KF644580; 94-137: KF644575), 2 horse strains of EHV-1(Ab4p:AY665713; V592:AY464052) [16, 17], EHV-8 (JQ343919) [14], EHV-9 (AP010838) [5] andEHV-4 (AF030027) [19]. All node has 100%bootstrap value. The tree was constructed by SplitsTree [9]. The scale bar is given by average number of mutations per site.
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fig_001: Neighbor-joining phylogenic tree based on the genome sequences of 3 zebra-borne EHV-1(T-616: KF644573; T-529: KF644580; 94-137: KF644575), 2 horse strains of EHV-1(Ab4p:AY665713; V592:AY464052) [16, 17], EHV-8 (JQ343919) [14], EHV-9 (AP010838) [5] andEHV-4 (AF030027) [19]. All node has 100%bootstrap value. The tree was constructed by SplitsTree [9]. The scale bar is given by average number of mutations per site.

Mentions: The T-616 DNA sequencing indicated to include 2 viruses, designated T-616 substrains 1 and 2,with lengths of 150,562 bp and 148,847 bp, respectively (accession nos. KF644573 and KF644574,respectively). The lengths of the T-529 and 94-137 genomes were 147,963 bp and 149,457 bp,respectively (accession nos. KF644580 and KF644575, respectively). Multiple alignment wasexamined by MAFTT [11]. The 3 genomes shared 99%identities with each other and shared 98% and 95% identities with the horse derived EHV-1 andEHV-9. Phylogenic analyses based on the whole genome sequences indicated that T-529 and 94-137are closely related to each other and distantly related to T-616 (Fig. 1Fig. 1.


Full genome sequences of zebra-borne equine herpesvirus type 1 isolated from zebra, onager and Thomson's gazelle.

Guo X, Izume S, Okada A, Ohya K, Kimura T, Fukushi H - J. Vet. Med. Sci. (2014)

Neighbor-joining phylogenic tree based on the genome sequences of 3 zebra-borne EHV-1(T-616: KF644573; T-529: KF644580; 94-137: KF644575), 2 horse strains of EHV-1(Ab4p:AY665713; V592:AY464052) [16, 17], EHV-8 (JQ343919) [14], EHV-9 (AP010838) [5] andEHV-4 (AF030027) [19]. All node has 100%bootstrap value. The tree was constructed by SplitsTree [9]. The scale bar is given by average number of mutations per site.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4197165&req=5

fig_001: Neighbor-joining phylogenic tree based on the genome sequences of 3 zebra-borne EHV-1(T-616: KF644573; T-529: KF644580; 94-137: KF644575), 2 horse strains of EHV-1(Ab4p:AY665713; V592:AY464052) [16, 17], EHV-8 (JQ343919) [14], EHV-9 (AP010838) [5] andEHV-4 (AF030027) [19]. All node has 100%bootstrap value. The tree was constructed by SplitsTree [9]. The scale bar is given by average number of mutations per site.
Mentions: The T-616 DNA sequencing indicated to include 2 viruses, designated T-616 substrains 1 and 2,with lengths of 150,562 bp and 148,847 bp, respectively (accession nos. KF644573 and KF644574,respectively). The lengths of the T-529 and 94-137 genomes were 147,963 bp and 149,457 bp,respectively (accession nos. KF644580 and KF644575, respectively). Multiple alignment wasexamined by MAFTT [11]. The 3 genomes shared 99%identities with each other and shared 98% and 95% identities with the horse derived EHV-1 andEHV-9. Phylogenic analyses based on the whole genome sequences indicated that T-529 and 94-137are closely related to each other and distantly related to T-616 (Fig. 1Fig. 1.

Bottom Line: The full genome sequences of the 3 strains were determined.Sequence data indicated that the EHV-1 isolated from a polar bear in Germany is one of the zebra-borne EHV-1 and not a recombinant virus.These results indicated that zebra-borne EHV-1 is a subtype of EHV-1.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Applied Veterinary Sciences, United Graduate School of Veterinary Sciences, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193, Japan.

ABSTRACT
A strain of equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) was isolated from zebra. This strain, called "zebra-borne EHV-1", was also isolated from an onager and a gazelle in zoological gardens in U.S.A. The full genome sequences of the 3 strains were determined. They shared 99% identities with each other, while they shared 98% and 95% identities with the horse derived EHV-1 and equine herpesvirus type 9, respectively. Sequence data indicated that the EHV-1 isolated from a polar bear in Germany is one of the zebra-borne EHV-1 and not a recombinant virus. These results indicated that zebra-borne EHV-1 is a subtype of EHV-1.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus