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ECoG high gamma activity reveals distinct cortical representations of lyrics passages, harmonic and timbre-related changes in a rock song.

Sturm I, Blankertz B, Potes C, Schalk G, Curio G - Front Hum Neurosci (2014)

Bottom Line: The distinct cortical activations to vocal speech-related content embedded in instrumental music directly demonstrate that song integrated in instrumental music represents a distinct dimension in complex music.In contrast, in the speech condition, the full sound envelope was reflected in the high gamma response rather than the onset or offset of the vocal lyrics.This demonstrates how the contributions of stimulus features that modulate the brain response differ across the two examples of a full-length natural stimulus, which suggests a context-dependent feature selection in the processing of complex auditory stimuli.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin Berlin, Germany ; Neurotechnology Group, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Berlin Institute of Technology Berlin, Germany ; Neurophysics Group, Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Charité - University Medicine Berlin Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Listening to music moves our minds and moods, stirring interest in its neural underpinnings. A multitude of compositional features drives the appeal of natural music. How such original music, where a composer's opus is not manipulated for experimental purposes, engages a listener's brain has not been studied until recently. Here, we report an in-depth analysis of two electrocorticographic (ECoG) data sets obtained over the left hemisphere in ten patients during presentation of either a rock song or a read-out narrative. First, the time courses of five acoustic features (intensity, presence/absence of vocals with lyrics, spectral centroid, harmonic change, and pulse clarity) were extracted from the audio tracks and found to be correlated with each other to varying degrees. In a second step, we uncovered the specific impact of each musical feature on ECoG high-gamma power (70-170 Hz) by calculating partial correlations to remove the influence of the other four features. In the music condition, the onset and offset of vocal lyrics in ongoing instrumental music was consistently identified within the group as the dominant driver for ECoG high-gamma power changes over temporal auditory areas, while concurrently subject-individual activation spots were identified for sound intensity, timbral, and harmonic features. The distinct cortical activations to vocal speech-related content embedded in instrumental music directly demonstrate that song integrated in instrumental music represents a distinct dimension in complex music. In contrast, in the speech condition, the full sound envelope was reflected in the high gamma response rather than the onset or offset of the vocal lyrics. This demonstrates how the contributions of stimulus features that modulate the brain response differ across the two examples of a full-length natural stimulus, which suggests a context-dependent feature selection in the processing of complex auditory stimuli.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Correlation between five stimulus features: left: music stimulus, right: speech stimulus.
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Figure 1: Correlation between five stimulus features: left: music stimulus, right: speech stimulus.

Mentions: The five features that we used to describe the music stimulus are not independent of each other, but are correlated with each other to variable degrees (see Figure 1). Only by accounting for this correlation, one can attribute a particular ECoG signal to one particular music feature (Kendall et al., 1973). This post-hoc approach is a way to exert statistical control over variables in a setting where experimental control on the different aspects that are to be investigated is ruled out by design. The partial correlation coefficient is given by Equation (1).


ECoG high gamma activity reveals distinct cortical representations of lyrics passages, harmonic and timbre-related changes in a rock song.

Sturm I, Blankertz B, Potes C, Schalk G, Curio G - Front Hum Neurosci (2014)

Correlation between five stimulus features: left: music stimulus, right: speech stimulus.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4195312&req=5

Figure 1: Correlation between five stimulus features: left: music stimulus, right: speech stimulus.
Mentions: The five features that we used to describe the music stimulus are not independent of each other, but are correlated with each other to variable degrees (see Figure 1). Only by accounting for this correlation, one can attribute a particular ECoG signal to one particular music feature (Kendall et al., 1973). This post-hoc approach is a way to exert statistical control over variables in a setting where experimental control on the different aspects that are to be investigated is ruled out by design. The partial correlation coefficient is given by Equation (1).

Bottom Line: The distinct cortical activations to vocal speech-related content embedded in instrumental music directly demonstrate that song integrated in instrumental music represents a distinct dimension in complex music.In contrast, in the speech condition, the full sound envelope was reflected in the high gamma response rather than the onset or offset of the vocal lyrics.This demonstrates how the contributions of stimulus features that modulate the brain response differ across the two examples of a full-length natural stimulus, which suggests a context-dependent feature selection in the processing of complex auditory stimuli.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin Berlin, Germany ; Neurotechnology Group, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Berlin Institute of Technology Berlin, Germany ; Neurophysics Group, Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Charité - University Medicine Berlin Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Listening to music moves our minds and moods, stirring interest in its neural underpinnings. A multitude of compositional features drives the appeal of natural music. How such original music, where a composer's opus is not manipulated for experimental purposes, engages a listener's brain has not been studied until recently. Here, we report an in-depth analysis of two electrocorticographic (ECoG) data sets obtained over the left hemisphere in ten patients during presentation of either a rock song or a read-out narrative. First, the time courses of five acoustic features (intensity, presence/absence of vocals with lyrics, spectral centroid, harmonic change, and pulse clarity) were extracted from the audio tracks and found to be correlated with each other to varying degrees. In a second step, we uncovered the specific impact of each musical feature on ECoG high-gamma power (70-170 Hz) by calculating partial correlations to remove the influence of the other four features. In the music condition, the onset and offset of vocal lyrics in ongoing instrumental music was consistently identified within the group as the dominant driver for ECoG high-gamma power changes over temporal auditory areas, while concurrently subject-individual activation spots were identified for sound intensity, timbral, and harmonic features. The distinct cortical activations to vocal speech-related content embedded in instrumental music directly demonstrate that song integrated in instrumental music represents a distinct dimension in complex music. In contrast, in the speech condition, the full sound envelope was reflected in the high gamma response rather than the onset or offset of the vocal lyrics. This demonstrates how the contributions of stimulus features that modulate the brain response differ across the two examples of a full-length natural stimulus, which suggests a context-dependent feature selection in the processing of complex auditory stimuli.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus